of July 21, 2017 No. 440
About approval of the State program of development of irrigation of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2017-2026
For the purpose of the solution of social problems of rural population, development of the irrigated agriculture, construction of irrigational objects, according to articles 10 and 17 of the constitutional Law of the Kyrgyz Republic "About the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic" the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic decides:
1. Approve the State program of development of irrigation of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2017-2026 (further - Gosprogramma) according to appendix.
2. To the Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic annually to provide in the republican budget for 2017-2026 of funds for Gosprogramma's realization and to exercise control of its financing and investment attraction.
3. Assign Gosprogramma's realization to the Ministry of Agriculture, the food industry and melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic.
4. To the Ministry of Agriculture, to the food industry and melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic quarterly to provide information on Gosprogramma's realization in Government office of the Kyrgyz Republic.
5. To impose control of execution of this resolution on department of agro-industrial complex and ecology of Government office of the Kyrgyz Republic.
In the Kyrgyz Republic more than a third of gross domestic product is the share of the agrarian sector. More than a half of the population lives in the rural zone. Their main activities is agricultural production and taking into account that Kyrgyzstan is located in arid zone, fundamentals of agricultural industry is the irrigated agriculture. More than 90 percent of products of crop production in the republic receive on irrigation lands. The crop production on the irrigated lands is the main source of the income for more than a half of the population of Kyrgyzstan.
Social and economic level of accommodation of the population, development of the country and its economy in many respects depend on security with irrigation lands. Due to the insufficiency of budget resources in the Kyrgyz Republic after the collapse of the USSR there were no sufficient and necessary inputs of the new irrigation areas for farmers and peasants.
The Kyrgyz Republic has considerable land and water resources for development of irrigation. Inventories of fresh water in mountain glaciers are estimated in 650 km3. According to specialists, warming of climate causes reducing surface of glaciers which areas can decrease by 2025 by 30-40 percent. In the country about 3000 rivers and streams with general annual drain about 47 km 3, from which the Kyrgyz Republic uses only about 10 km3 (about 20 percent). In the Kyrgyz Republic there are considerable land resources, in the long term it is possible to increase the area of irrigation lands by 500-700 thousand hectares.
One of solutions of questions of food security, fight against poverty and migration of rural population in the Kyrgyz Republic is development of irrigation.
In the Kyrgyz Republic there are 1023 thousand hectares of the irrigated lands. For water supply on the irrigated lands of the republic there is 28,9 of one thousand km of irrigation canals, them them 5,7 of one thousand km - are intereconomic and are on balance of Department of water economy and melioration under the Ministry of Agriculture, the food industry and melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic (further - DVH), 23,2 of one thousand km are intraeconomic and are on balance айыл to okmot, associations of water users (further - AVP) and other business entities. In the republic there are 274 irrigational systems and 93 the accumulating irrigational constructions (water storage basins, BDR, BSR), DVH which are on balance.
In total in the republic there are 219 pumping points, from them 111 electrified pumping points are on balance of DVH.
In the republic there are 5705 km of collector and drainage network, from them 1187,1 of km are on balance of DVH, 460,7 of km - on balance of AVP and 4057,2 of km - on balance айыл to okmot. In the republic of 240 thousand hectares of lands with collector and drainage network, in unsatisfactory meliorative condition there are 87 thousand hectares of the irrigated lands.
The vast majority of irrigational infrastructure in the republic is exploited 30, 40 and more years.
Taking into account growth of the population in recent years the need for construction of irrigational objects and introduction of the new irrigated lands is the most priority and urgent task for the Kyrgyz Republic.
In the National sustainability strategy of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2013-2017, No. 11 approved by the Presidential decree of the Kyrgyz Republic of January 21, 2013 (further - NSUR), the considerable attention is paid to development of irrigation and implementation of water management investment projects.
NSUR included 16 irrigational investment projects for the total amount of 81 million US dollars. On realization of NSUR in 2013-2016 allocation of 3382 million som was provided, 1592 million som are actually allocated. From them on irrigational projects 2902 million som were provided, 1112 million som are actually allocated, insufficient funding constituted 1790 million som. From 16 investment NSUR irrigational projects 4 projects are realized.
For the purpose of the solution of social problems of rural population, development of the irrigated agriculture, construction of irrigational objects the order of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic of May 16, 2011 No. 229 approves the State program of construction of water management objects and development of the new irrigated lands in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2011-2015 (further - Gosprogramma 2011-2015) in which the construction 22 most socially and water management objects, economically significant for the republic, was provided. From 22 objects only one water management object was entered. On Gosprogramma's realization of 2011-2015 allocation of 4928 million som was provided, 763 million som were actually allocated, insufficient funding constituted 4165 million som.
Basic reason of incomplete implementation of irrigational investment projects NSUR and Gosprogramma of 2011-2015 is the insufficient financing caused by limitation of budget resources, availability of major deficit of the republican budget and loss of the income. For the purpose of successful implementation of the State program of development of irrigation it is necessary to conduct more actively work on attraction of external sources of financing.
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