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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 26, 2017 No. 179-FZ

About bases of frontier cooperation

(as amended of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 08.12.2020 No. 429-FZ)

Accepted by the State Duma on July 14, 2017

Approved by the Federation Council on July 19, 2017

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law governs the relations arising in connection with implementation of frontier cooperation, determines the basic principles, tasks and the directions of frontier cooperation, and also power of subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) frontier cooperation - part of the international relations of the Russian Federation, the international and foreign economic relations of border subjects of the Russian Federation and municipalities of border subjects of the Russian Federation with subjects of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states;

2) border subjects of the Russian Federation are subjects of the Russian Federation which territories adjoin to Frontier of the Russian Federation;

3) municipalities of border subjects of the Russian Federation - the municipalities located in the territories of border subjects of the Russian Federation;

4) the territories of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation - the territories of border subjects of the Russian Federation and municipalities of border subjects of the Russian Federation, and also other territories of the Russian Federation defined by international treaties of the Russian Federation;

5) subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation - Russian Federation, border subjects of the Russian Federation and municipalities of border subjects of the Russian Federation. Other subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation can be defined by international treaties of the Russian Federation;

6) subjects of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states - the adjacent states, state and territorial, administrative-territorial and the municipalities of the adjacent states considered as these states, border according to the legislation;

7) agreements on frontier cooperation - agreements of border subjects of the Russian Federation with state and territorial, administrative-territorial formations of the adjacent states, with public authorities of the adjacent states and the agreement of municipalities of border subjects of the Russian Federation with municipalities of the adjacent states;

8) the territories of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states - the territories of subjects of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states;

9) the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programme - the development mechanism of international cooperation of the Russian Federation approved by the international treaty of the Russian Federation and realized in the territories of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation and the territories of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states for the solution of the tasks determined by this Federal Law;

10) the draft of the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programme - set of the actions realized within the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programme.

Article 3. Legal regulation of frontier cooperation

1. Legal regulation of frontier cooperation is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and is performed according to the conventional principles and rules of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation and federal executive bodies, regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation and municipal regulatory legal acts adopted according to them.

2. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Federal Law are applied rules of the international treaty.

3. The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined by the Federal constitutional Law.

Article 4. Basic principles of frontier cooperation

The frontier cooperation is performed according to the following basic principles:

1) respect for the conventional principles and rules of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation;

2) differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies;

3) accounting of interests of homeland security of the Russian Federation;

4) accounting of features of the interstate relations and features of the territories of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation and territories of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states;

5) ensuring mutual advantage for subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation and subjects of frontier cooperation of the adjacent states in case of implementation of the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes, drafts of the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes;

6) ensuring access of the population of the territories of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation to information on frontier cooperation;

7) ensuring compliance of strategy of social and economic development, state programs of the Russian Federation and border subjects of the Russian Federation to the international Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes;

8) fair accomplishment of provisions of agreements on frontier cooperation.

Article 5. Directions and tasks of frontier cooperation

1. Subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation within the powers perform frontier cooperation according to the principles and tasks determined by this Federal Law and other Federal Laws in the following directions:

1) cooperation in the field of economy;

2) cooperation in the field of transport and communication;

3) cooperation in the field of power;

4) cooperation in social area;

5) cooperation in the field of science and education;

6) cooperation in the field of culture and art;

7) cooperation in the field of sport and tourism;

8) cooperation in the field of health care;

9) cooperation in the field of ecology and environmental management;

10) cooperation in the field of agricultural industry, forestry and fishery;

11) prevention of emergency situations, mitigation of consequences of catastrophic crashes, natural disasters, fight against epidemics and liquidation of their effects;

12) other directions of the frontier cooperation performed by appropriate subjects of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation within the competence.

2. Tasks of frontier cooperation are:

1) assistance to social and economic development of the territories of frontier cooperation of the Russian Federation;

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