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The treaty of friendship and cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Estonia

of May 26, 1992

Ukraine and the Republic of Estonia ("the High Contractual Parties" hereinafter are referred to as further),

aiming to develop the interstate relations which originate from the Contract between the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic and the Estonian Democratic Republic of November 25, 1921 and protocols to it,

being convinced that neighborliness, the mutual respect and cooperation between two states are equitable to interests of the people of Ukraine and Estonia and serve creation of qualitatively new relations based on equality and consolidation of security system in Europe,

welcoming the current historical changes in Europe and both states which made possible overcoming confrontation and split in Europe,

being guided by the purposes and the principles of the Charter of the UN and proceeding from primacy of the universally recognized norms of international law and universal values,

confirming aspiration of both High Contractual Parties to accomplishment fully of obligations which contain in the Helsinki Final act, the Parisian Charter for new Europe, and also other documents of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and to make it contribution to creation of democratic, peace and single Europe,

confirming that observance of basic rights and human freedoms is the integral condition of consolidation of peace and safety,

aiming to provide new quality to the bilateral relations taking into account experience of development of political, economic, scientific and technical, ecological, information, humanitarian, cultural and other cooperation and to strengthen their contractual basis based on mutual advantage,

agreed as follows:

Article 1

The high Contractual Parties will develop the relations as the friendly states. They will be consistently guided by the principles of sovereign equality, refusal of use of force or threat of force, inviolability of borders, territorial integrity, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference to internal affairs, respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, equality and the right of the people to dispose of the destiny, mutually beneficial cooperation, fair accomplishment of the international obligations.

Article 2

The high Contractual Parties according to the obligations fixed in the Charter of the UN and in documents of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe will solve disputes which can arise between them, exclusively peaceful means. They never, under no circumstances, use the first the armed forces against each other, will not make against each other pressure perestraivaniye of the armed forces in the territory of other Party.

Article 3

The high Contractual Parties, confirming that safety is indivisible and that it is inseparably linked with safety of all State Parties of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, will consistently perform partnership in the field of safety and will build the relations based on respect of sovereignty of each other, equality and interaction.

Article 4

The high Contractual Parties undertake not to conclude with other state or the states of agreements which contradict international law, including the Charter of the UN, the General Declaration of human rights, the Helsinki Final act and the Parisian Charter for new Europe.

The parties undertake not to use and not to assume that their territories were used by someone for the purpose of implementation of the armed aggression or enemy activities against other Party.

If one of the Parties will become object of armed attack, Other Party will not provide support to aggressor and will take all measures necessary for peaceful settlement of the conflict.

Article 5

In case of situations which can create, according to one of the High Contractual Parties, threat to peace or to cause international tension, the Parties will hold consultations of rather possible ways of their settlement.

Article 6

The high Contractual Parties will actively promote disarmament process, both nuclear, and regular, to further restriction of armed forces and arms in Europe, to consolidation of peace, trust and safety on bilateral and multilateral basis, to creation of reliable structures of the all-European safety.

Article 7

The high Contractual Parties will expand the contacts and cooperation in the international organizations.

Article 8

The high Contractual Parties will promote in every possible way development and expansion of contacts between state bodies and self-government institutions of all levels and their heads on permanent basis.

Article 9

The high Contractual Parties, aiming to provide necessary conditions for rapprochement of their people, will comprehensively promote expansion of contacts between the citizens, both on individual basis, and through the state, public and other organizations.

Article 10

The high Contractual Parties will create favorable conditions for development of mutually beneficial bilateral economic cooperation. They will take adequate measures to enhance and bring closer to regulations and practice of the world market the mechanism of the commercial ties, including provision each other of the mode of the greatest assistance in trade.

Being guided by the domestic legislation, leaving the international obligations and for goal achievement of this Agreement, the Parties will provide favorable economic, financial and legal conditions for business and other economic activity, including stimulation and protection of mutual capital investments. They consider necessary to sign intergovernmental agreements in industry of trade and services, movement of securities, mutual calculations and payments, tourism and on other questions that constitute mutual interest.

Article 11

The high Contractual Parties will promote creation of conditions for effective cooperation in the field of fundamental and applied sciences, to development and implementation of the advanced equipment and technologies, and also for support of direct connections and joint initiatives of scientists, research institutions, science and production associations.

Article 12

The high Contractual Parties, proceeding from mutual interests and taking into account the opportunities, will develop cooperation in industry of protection and the environmental improvement, mitigation of consequences of accidents and natural disasters, in particular, the Chernobyl catastrophic crash keeping environmental management, expansion of the sphere of environmentally friendly productions, implementation of highly effective nature protection and nature-restoring actions.

The parties taking into account the opportunities will cooperate in permission of global, in particular, European environmental problems.

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