of April 5, 2017 No. 230-r
About approval of the Concept of the State social program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2021
Determine the Ministry of social policy by the state customer of the Program.
2. To the ministry of social policy together with other interested central executive bodies to develop and give to six-months time after approval of the Concept approved by this order, to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the draft of the State social program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2021.
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Approved by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of April 5, 2017 No. 230-r
Determination of problem to which solution the program is directed
The main international document which determines standard requirements for providing the rights of the child is the Convention of the UN on the child's rights which is binding for the states which ratified it. Process of inclusion of Ukraine into the European Union provides implementation of the European standards and approaches to providing the rights of children which main directions are determined by the Strategy of the Council of Europe by the child's rights (2016-2021).
Since 2009 in Ukraine within accomplishment of the Nation-wide program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2016 considerable results in the sphere of providing the rights of children are achieved. In the majority of regions of the country indicators of infantile and perinatal death rate, incidence of children of the first year of life, including transfer of HIV infection from mother to the newborn child decreased; further development was gained by system of the perinatal help and medico-social resettlement of children with disability; the regulatory framework concerning implementation of inclusive training in general education educational institutions is enhanced that allowed to increase quantity of classes with inclusive training; the priority of family education of the orphan children and children deprived of parent guardianship is provided (the device of children of the specified category in family forms constitutes percent 90,5); adoption process is intensified (adoption of the Ukrainian children by citizens of Ukraine by 4 times exceeds adoption by their foreigners); reforming of system of residential care facilities for the orphan children and children deprived of parent guardianship is carried out; the cooperation with public organizations directed to social formation and development of children is made active.
At the same time the system of protection of the rights and interests of the child existing in Ukraine is imperfect and not fully meets the requirements of time.
Inefficient cross-industry coordination in the complex problem resolution, the rights of children connected with providing, slows down upgrade of the existing system. Urgent, especially in the conditions of decentralization of the power, are questions of preserving and enhancement of the mechanism of interaction with the relevant services on places. Due to the lack of the approved standards of wellbeing and safety of the child it is difficult to carry out high-quality estimation of providing the rights of the children provided by the Convention of the UN on the child's rights.
The existing system of protection of the rights and interests of the child in Ukraine is based on the way to the child as to object of impact, without the fact that the child shall be the subject of the relations. Despite availability of legislative arrangements on accounting of opinion of the child, there is no mechanism of ensuring the best interests of the child in planning process of state policy.
Indicators of death rate and incidence of children grow. Decrease in level of material and social security of the population, first of all families with children, decrease in level and quality of education of young parents, insufficient material logistics of healthcare institutions, decrease in indicators of scope, including because of shortage or lack of vaccines and anatoksin, non-compliance with the sanitary legislation is inoculations the reasons of such phenomenon under catering services in educational institutions.
Distribution of addictions at teenage age is observed: use of drugs, alcohol, psychotropic substances. According to polls, 76 percent of teenagers have experience of the use of low alcohol drinks, 15 percent - began to take alcohol in 11 years.
Lack of access to quality education, first of all in the rural zone, by limitation of the inclusive circle in educational institutions, dissatisfaction of need for preschool education (the scope of children of five-year age preschool education constitutes percent 70,6) violates the child's right to education.
Reduction of number of the out-of-school educational institutions providing free services, and increase in quantity of paid circles and sections which are interesting and useful to children makes impossible proper cultural and spiritual development of children, but their visit by children requires considerable costs from household budgets.
There are urgent problems of children with disability, including on arrangement for them barrier-free space in general education and out-of-school educational institutions, providing full-fledged life, integration into society and social adaptation, providing with medical care, including preferential providing with medicines and medical products, complex medico-social resettlement and palliative care.
For the child providing the right to education in family is vital. The difficult social and economic situation in the state influences reduction of level of birth rate, because of the insufficient level of readiness to family life family values are ignored, the number of the children born by mothers who are not in scrap parents grows raise children, disregarding their specific and age features.
Increase in quantity of the needy families and families which are in difficult vital circumstances causes loss by children of parent guardianship that leads to growth of children's neglect and homelessness.
In Ukraine the effective model of provision of social services to families with children in territorial communities is not created. The insufficient number of specialists in social work causes the low level of scope of families by social services, including preventive which provision allows to reduce consequences of social trouble.
Recently the tendency to increase in indicators of social orphanhood for the reasons of the unconscious and irresponsible relation of parents to accomplishment of parental responsibilities, full education and development of children, the use by parents of drugs and alcohol, making of crimes remains.
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