of May 6, 1993 No. 839-XII
About labor protection
The purpose of this Law is regulation of the relations in the field of labor protection.
The legislation on labor protection consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Uzbekistan about labor protection then are applied rules of the international treaty.
Operation of this Law extends on:
the workers consisting in employment relationships with the companies, organizations and the organizations (further - the organizations), and also with certain employers;
students of the highest educational institutions, pupils of averages of special, professional educational institutions, students of other educational institutions passing work practice;
the military personnel involved to work in the organizations;
the citizens passing alternative service;
persons serving sentence according to the court verdict during their work in the organizations determined by organizations by execution of the punishment and also persons to whom administrative punishment in the form of administrative detention, persons involved on accomplishment of other work types including organized for the benefit of society and the state is applied.
Operation of this Law extends also to employers.
Persons specified in part one of this Article hereinafter are referred to as further as workers.
In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
means of collective protection - technical and other means, structurally or functionally connected with the production room and production process, intended for prevention or reduction of impact by workers of harmful production factor and (or) dangerous production factor, and also for protection against pollution;
harmful production factor - production factor which impact on the worker can lead to his occupational disease;
workplace - the place of permanent or temporary stay of the worker in the course of labor activity;
productive activity - set of the actions performed in case of production, raw materials conversion, performance of works, rendering services;
labor accident - incident as a result of which the worker sustained the labor injuries or other damage of health connected with execution of labor obligations by it both in the territory of employer, and beyond its limits, including in travel time to place of employment or from work on the transport provided by the employer and which entailed need of the translation of the worker for other work, temporary or permanent loss of professional working capacity by it or his death;
occupational disease - the acute or chronic disease of the worker which is result of impact on it harmful production factor or dangerous production factor and entailed temporary or permanent loss of professional working capacity by it;
working conditions - set of social and production factors in case of which work is performed;
labor protection - system of legal, social and economic, organizational, technical, sanitary and hygienic, treatment-and-prophylactic, rehabilitation actions and means on safety, preserving life and health, efficiency of the person in the course of work;
labor mutilation - temporary or permanent loss by the worker of professional working capacity owing to labor accident;
adverse production factors - availability of harmful production factor and (or) dangerous production factor;
dangerous production factor - production factor which impact on the worker can lead to its injury;
individual protection equipment - the technical and other means used for prevention or reduction of impact by the worker of harmful production factor and (or) dangerous production factor and also for protection against pollution.
The main directions of state policy in the field of labor protection are:
providing priority of life and health of the worker;
development and implementation of state programs in the field of labor protection;
coordination of activities of bodies of the public and economic board, public authorities on places in the field of labor protection;
establishment of requirements in the field of labor protection for all organizations;
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