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PRESIDENTIAL DECREE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 15, 2016 No. 466

About approval of the Program of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020

(as amended of the Presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus of 30.11.2017 No. 428)

1. Approve the enclosed Program of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020.

2. To Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus together with National Bank, National academy of Sciences of Belarus, National Statistical Committee, regional executive committees, the Minsk Gorispolkom and other state bodies to develop and approve package of measures for the program implementation called in Item 1 of this Decree.

3. This Decree becomes effective from the date of its signing.

President of the Republic of Belarus

A. Lukashenko

Approved by the Presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus of December 15, 2016 No. 466

The program of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020

Chapter 1. Introduction

The program of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020 (further - the Program) is developed according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of May 5, 1998 "About the state forecasting and programs of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus" (Vedamastsi Natsyyanalnaga to descent of Respubliki Belarus, 1998, No. 20, the Art. 222).

In the Program development evaluation of national economy in 2011-2015, particular purposes, tasks, priorities, the main directions and the expected results of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus in 2016-2020 is given. In it ways of increase in competitiveness of economy and quality of life of the Belarusian citizens, development of the competition and enhancement of the institutional circle are proved, legal and social and economic mechanisms of realization of priorities and tasks of the fifth anniversary are offered.

The program is directed to the fastest recovery of sustained economic growth in the Republic of Belarus and approach of level and quality of life of the population of the country to the developed states of the world.

The program is created on the basis of the election programme of the President of the Republic of Belarus and basic provisions of the Program approved by the fifth Vsebelorussky people's assembly.

The indicators and parameters of social and economic development of the country containing in the Program (table 1 and 2), are developed proceeding from the maximum use of the available potential for economic growth and activization of innovative opportunities of economy, liberation of business initiative, creation of the most favorable conditions for bystry forming of new sectors and industries of economy, attraction of direct foreign investments.

The contribution of new industries and sectors of economy, small and medium business to surplus of gross domestic product (further - GDP) will grow with percent 0,5 in 2017 to at least 3 percent in 2020.

Table 1

The main forecast indicators of economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020

(percent)

Name of indicators

Fact

Assessment

Forecast

 2015 by 2010

 2016 by 2015

 2017 by 2016

 2018 by 2017

 2019 by 2018

 2020 by 2019

 2020 by 2015

Gross internal product

105,9

98,0

101,7

103,1–103,8

104,0–105,0

104,9–105,9

112,1–115,0

Consumer price index (December by December)

112,0 *

112,0

109,0

107,0

106,0

105,0

Labor productivity on gross domestic product

110,8

99,4

101,8

102,9–103,3

103,8–104,7

104,3–105,4

112,8–115,3

Industry products

104,5

98,5

101,9

102,4–103,8

103,2–104,8

103,8–105,3

110,1–115,0

Profitability of sales in the organizations of the industry

8,7 *

7,0

7,0

8,7

10,5

11,7

Products of agricultural industry (in farms of all categories)

108,8

103,2

102,2

102,2–102,6

102,3–102,8

102,4–103,3

112,9–115,0

Investments into fixed capital

88,3

83,5

101,7

106,0–106,5

111,3–112,5

111,8–112,9

112,0–114,9

Amount of installation and construction works

95,0

83,1

100,6

104,3–104,5

107,8–108,7

109,2–110,1

102,6–104,3

Cargo turnover

97,4

99,2

101,6

102,0–102,6

102,6–103,7

102,9–104,4

108,5–112,0

Passenger turnover

102,4

94,6

100,6

101,7–102,2

102,3–103,3

103,5–104,0

102,5–104,5

Commodity export and services

112,1

86,5

103,8

107,2–108,4

109,2–111,0

115,2–115,8

121,0–125,0

Balance of foreign trade in goods and services to gross domestic product

0,3 *

– 0,86

0,1

0,2

0,4–0,5

0,5–0,6

The real located cash incomes of the population

132,8

94,7

101,3

103,5–103,8

104,6–105,4

105,4–106,2

109,5–111,6

 

______________________________

* In 2015.

Table 2

The main indicators of social and economic development of areas and Minsk for 2016-2020

(percent)

Name of indicators

Fact

Assessment

Forecast

 2015 by 2010

 2016 by 2015

 2017 by 2016

 2018 by 2017

 2019 by 2018

 2020 by 2019

 2020 by 2015

Gross regional product

Brest region

101,8

99,0

102,2

102,7–103,7

103,6–104,5

104,5–105,4

112,5–115,6

Vitebsk region

107,5

94,5

101,3

104,0–105,0

105,5–106,5

106,4–107,3

111,8–114,9

Gomel region

105,3

95,5

101,3

104,0–105,0

105,5–106,6

105,9–106,9

112,4–115,8

Grodno region

111,5

99,0

102,3

102,8–103,6

105,0–105,8

103,2–104,0

112,8–115,4

Minsk region

122,3

98,2

102,2

104,4–105,4

104,7–105,9

105,3–106,2

115,5–118,7

Mogilev region

100,2

98,0

102,3

103,1–104,1

103,9–104,9

104,8–105,8

112,5–115,8

City of Minsk

107,6

98,0

101,8

103,2–103,9

103,8–104,5

105,1–105,8

112,3–114,6

Labor productivity on gross regional product

Brest region

108,2

100,5

102,5

102,5–103,3

103,6–104,2

104,0–104,9

113,7–116,3

Vitebsk region

117,7

96,9

101,7

103,7–104,4

105,1–105,9

106,0–106,7

113,8–116,2

Gomel region

113,2

97,5

101,4

103,7–104,4

105,1–106,0

105,5–106,4

113,7–116,4

Grodno region

116,4

100,8

102,5

103,5–104,0

105,3–105,9

103,5–104,1

116,5–118,5

Minsk region

121,5

98,8

102,5

104,4–105,0

104,7–105,5

105,2–106,1

116,4–119,0

Mogilev region

108,8

99,6

102,5

103,9–104,6

104,6–105,4

105,5–106,3

117,0–119,6

City of Minsk

109,2

98,8

101,4

102,0–102,5

102,5–103,0

103,7–104,2

108,6–110,2

 

Chapter 2. Results of program implementation

The main result of the fourth five-years period (2011-2015) - preserving political stability, ensuring stability of economy and social protection of the population.

In adverse external economic conditions in general for the fifth anniversary it was succeeded to come for positive growth of economy and in number of the directions to achieve significant results.

Belarus was included into group of the countries with the high level of human development. According to the Report of the Development program of the United Nations (further - PROON) 2015 among 188 countries of the world Republic of Belarus on index of human development moved from the 68th place in 2000 to the 50th place.

GDP per capita at par of purchasing power grew with 15, thousand dollars of the USA in 2010 to 17, of 7 thousand dollars of the USA in 2015. Belarus was among the countries with the average level of the income.

In five years the real wage increased by percent 40,2, the actual size of old-age pensions - for 37 percent, the real located cash incomes - on 32, percent. Providing social guarantees and increase in the sizes of the income of the population allowed to reduce low-security level with percent 7,3 in 2011 to percent 5,1 in 2015. The registered unemployment did not exceed 1 percent from country economically active population.

Significantly the demographic situation improved. Since 2014 for the first time in twenty years the number of inhabitants began to grow in Belarus. Levels of birth rate and death rate were practically made even. In 2015 119 thousand children were born that is 494 children more, than in 2014. More than a half of the born children (percent 57,2) are the second, third and subsequent children in families. The natural wastage of the population was reduced with 29,1 thousand people in 2010 to 1 thousand people in 2015.

The migratory surplus for 2011-2015 constituted 65,1 thousand people (in 2015 - 18,5 thousand people) and completely compensated natural wastage of the population.

The world level reached domestic medicine in one and all directions: cardiology, oncology, traumatology, neurosurgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics and transplantology.

New modern forms of delivery of health care - out-patient clinics of general practitioners, institute of the family doctor take root. New vector - development of high-technology medicine.

For 2011-2015 in the Republic of Belarus 1784 transplantations, including 305 transplantations of liver (from them 2 - the "liver-kidney" complex), 160 transplantations of heart, 1305 transplantations of kidney, 12 transplantations of the "kidney-pancreas" complex, 2 transplantations of lungs are carried out.

On the level of availability of transplantations of heart the Republic of Belarus is included into the top ten of the countries of the world - in 2014 45 transactions are executed that constituted transaction 4,8 on 1 million population (the 9th place in the world).

According to information of the United Nations Foundation in the field of the population (YuNFPA) following the results of 2014 Belarus took the 1st place in the world on decrease in level of maternal death rate and was among 42 states in which in 100 percent of cases are delivered by qualified medical personnel.

The mass construction of affordable housing proceeded. Security of the population with housing grew with 24,6 of sq.m in 2010 to 26,5 of sq.m on one person in 2015.

The business climate in Belarus improved. About it witnesses consecutive increase in the following line items of the country in the report of the World Bank of "Doing Business": economic freedom, corruption perception, global index of innovations. In particular, in the report of "Doing Business" of 2016 the Republic of Belarus is in the 44th place among 189 countries of the world.

Large-scale upgrade of the industry and agricultural industry is carried out. On these purposes for 2011-2015 more than 40 billion US dollars are invested.

The woodworking industry is completely updated. Processing lines on cement production are put by dry method into operation. Production of complex slozhnosmeshanny fertilizers is organized. Serial assembly production of cars is mastered. The largest is made in the world the dump truck with a loading capacity of 450 tons. The plant on production of modern railway electric trains is constructed. The construction of the Belarusian nuclear power plant is begun (further - the Belarusian NPP).

Upgrade of production allowed to update technologies, to reduce products production costs. Decrease in level of materials consumption of products in the organizations of the industry constituted 7 percent for the fifth anniversary in case of task of the Program of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2011-2015 minus 5-7 percent.

The Republic of Belarus is among leaders among world exporters of products of mechanical engineering. The share of production of the BelAZ dump trucks in the world market reaches 30 percent. Almost every tenth tractor in the world is made in the Republic of Belarus.

Are put into operation and 1184 molochnotovarny complexes are technically re-equipped. Automation of the basic engineering procedures of agricultural production allowed to increase labor productivity in agricultural industry for the fifth anniversary in time 1,4.

Belarus became not only self-sufficient in food supply, but also the export-oriented country. The share of products of agro-industrial complex in the total amount of export increased with percent 13,4 in 2010 to percent 16,7 in 2015.

Along with Australia, New Zealand, Holland, France, the United States of America (further - the USA), Belgium and Italy Belarus is among the largest exporters of dairy products. In the Republic of Belarus 1,4 of percent of world amount of milk is made, in world export of dairy products the share of the country constituted percent 2,4, and on butter - about 4 percent.

Belarus headed for the accelerated informatization. In the global rating of International union of telecommunication on development of information and communication technologies the republic rose from the 50th place in 2010 by the 36th in 2015, having outstripped all CIS countries.

On export of computer and information services per capita the Republic of Belarus also is among world leaders. In 2015 export of such services constituted more than 87 US dollars per capita against 23, of the 5th US dollar in 2010 and several times exceeded similar indicators in Russia and Ukraine.

Belarus is the country with open economy. In 2015 the amount of foreign trade turnover of the country more than for 9 percent exceeded GDP, the ratio of commodity export and services and GDP constituted more than 50 percent. For 2011-2015 in economy of Belarus about 11 billion US dollars of direct foreign investments on net basis are attracted that is 2,5 times more, than during 2006-2010.

Dynamics of social and economic development of the country is considerably determined by universal tendencies. Reducing demand for the Belarusian goods in the main export markets in case of the growing competition, compression of internal consumption caused delay of rates of economic development (the table 3).

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