of July 1, 1994 No. 74/94-BP
About energy saving
This Law determines legal, economic, social and ecological basis of energy saving for all companies, associations and the organizations located in the territory of Ukraine and also for citizens.
In this Law the following concepts are used:
"energy saving" - the activities (organizational, scientific, practical, information) directed to rational use and economical expenditure of primary and transformed energy, natural energy resources in national economy and which is implemented with use of technical, economic and legal methods;
"energy saving policy" - administrative and legal and financial and economic regulation of processes of production, conversion, transportation, storage, production, distribution and use of fuel and energy resources for the purpose of their rational use and economical expenditure;
"fuel and energy resources" - set of all natural and transformed types of fuel and energy used in national economy;
"rational use of fuel and energy resources" achievement of maximum efficiency of use of fuel and energy resources in case of the existing level of development of the equipment and technology and simultaneous decrease in technogenic influence on the surrounding environment;
"economy of fuel and energy resources" - relative expense reduction of fuel and energy resources that is shown in decrease in their specific expenses on production, performance of works and rendering services of the established quality;
energy efficient products, technology, the equipment - products or method, means of its production providing rational use of fuel and energy resources in comparison with other options of use or production of identical consumer level or with similar technical and economic indicators;
energy saving (energy efficient) actions - the actions directed to implementation and production of energy efficient products, technologies and the equipment;
the energy efficient project - the project directed to reducing energy consumption namely: reconstruction of networks and systems of delivery, regulation and accounting of water consumption, gas, heat and electrical energy, upgrade of the protecting designs and technologies of production processes;
energy audit (energy inspection) - determination of efficiency of use of fuel and energy resources and development of recommendations concerning its improvement;
management on energy saving - the management system aimed at providing rational use by consumers of fuel and energy resources;
regulations of specific fuel consumptions and energy - the regulated size of specific expenses of fuel and energy resources for this production, process, these products, work, service;
real loss of fuel and energy resources - loss of fuel and energy resources out of engineering procedures (type of irrational use of fuel and energy resources);
The paragraph the fifteenth preambles is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of 16.10.2012 No. 5463-VI
The paragraph the sixteenth preambles is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of 16.10.2012 No. 5463-VI
the terms "power service" and "power service agreement" are used in the value given in the Law of Ukraine "About introduction of new investment opportunities, providing the rights and legitimate interests of subjects of business activity for carrying out large-scale power upgrade;
"secondary energy resources" - the energy potential of products, waste, collateral and intermediate products which is formed in technology aggregates (installations, processes) and is not used in the aggregate, but can be in parts or in full used for power supply of other aggregates (processes);
"nonconventional and renewable energy resources" - the sources which are constantly existing or periodically appearing in the surrounding environment in the form of flows of energy of the Sun, wind, heat of Earth, energy of the seas, oceans, the rivers, biomass.
The purpose of the legislation on energy saving is regulation of the relations between economic subjects, and also between the state and legal entities and physical persons in the field of energy saving, connected with production, conversion, transportation, storage, production and use of fuel and energy resources, ensuring interest of the companies, organizations and citizens in energy saving, implementation of energy-saving technologies, development and production of less power-intensive machines and processing equipment, fixing of responsibility of legal entities and physical persons in the field of energy saving.
The relations in the field of energy saving in the territory of Ukraine are governed by this Law, other acts of the legislation of Ukraine.
The basic principles of state policy in the field of energy saving are:
a) creation by the state of economic and legal conditions of interest in energy saving of legal entities and physical persons;
b) implementation of state regulation of activities in the field of energy saving on the basis of application of economic, normative and technical measures of management;
c) priority of requirements of energy saving when implementing the economic, management or other activities connected with production, conversion, transportation, storage, production and use of fuel and energy resources;
d) scientific reasons regulation of use of fuel and energy resources, need of observance of standard rates when using fuel and energy;
e) creation of energy saving structure of production of goods on the basis of the complex solution of questions of economy and energy saving taking into account ecological requirements, widespread introduction of the latest energy-saving technologies;
e) obligation of state examination on energy saving;
є) promoting of economic, ecological and social benefits of energy saving, increase in public educational level in this sphere;
i) the problem resolution of energy saving in combination with implementation of the energy program of Ukraine, and also on the basis of broad interstate cooperation;
i) stimulation of rational use of fuel and energy resources by the combined production of electrical and heat energy (cogeneration).
ї) gradual transition to mass use of metering devices and regulation of consumption of fuel and energy resources;
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