of July 19, 2005 No. 45-Z
It is accepted by the House of Representatives on June 21, 2005
Approved by Council of the Republic on June 30, 2005
This Law determines legal, organizational and economic basis of activities in the field of telecommunication and is aimed at providing creation, steady and effective functioning and development of networks of telecommunication, centralized operation with radio-frequency range and numbering, at creation of conditions for satisfaction of needs in services of telecommunication of physical persons and legal entities, public administration, homeland security, defense, protection of law and order, warning and liquidation of emergency situations.
In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:
the subscriber - the user of services of telecommunication with whom the agreement on rendering such services in case of selection for these purposes of directory number or unique code of identification is signed;
selection of band of radio frequencies, the radio-frequency channel or radio frequency - permission to use of band of radio frequencies, the radio-frequency channel or radio frequency, including for development (upgrade), production, operation in the Republic of Belarus of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices, and also for operation of the radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices imported on the territory of the Republic of Belarus with certain technical characteristics;
high-frequency devices - the equipment or devices intended for generation and use of radio-frequency energy in any purposes, except for applications in the field of telecommunication;
single republican data communication network (further - ERSPD) - the multiservice network of telecommunication which is part of network of telecommunication public and representing complex of the data communication networks of republican state bodies, local executive and administrative organs, other state bodies and other state organizations, economic societies interacting among themselves concerning which the Republic of Belarus or administrative and territorial unit, having shares (shares in authorized funds), can determine the decisions made by these economic societies and also other legal entities of non-state pattern of ownership and individual entrepreneurs attaching the existing networks to ERSPD in voluntary procedure, except for the data communication networks intended for ensuring national security, defense and protection of law and order;
use of radio-frequency range - the activities connected with operation of radio-electronic means including in case of their development (upgrade), production, designing, construction (installation), and also with operation of high-frequency devices, including in case of their development (upgrade), production;
conversion of radio-frequency range - set of the economic, organizational and technical actions directed to expansion of use of radio-frequency range by radio-electronic means of civil assignment;
lines of telecommunication - transmission lines, physical chains and linearly - cable constructions of telecommunication;
linearly - cable constructions of telecommunication - specially created or adapted telecommunication constructions for placement of cables of telecommunication;
numbering - digital, letter, character symbols or their combinations, including the codes intended for determination (identification) of network of telecommunication and (or) its elements;
ensuring operational readiness of radio-frequency range - organizational engineering procedure on operational management by use of radio-frequency range and to ensuring electromagnetic compatibility of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices on the appropriated (assigned) radio frequencies or radio-frequency channels;
objects of telecommunication - the complexes of means of telecommunication and constructions of telecommunication used when rendering services of telecommunication;
the terminal subscriber unit (terminal) - the technical device of the user of services of telecommunication intended for connection to network of telecommunication for the purpose of ensuring access to telecommunication services;
the operator of universal servicing - the operator of telecommunication who is granted the right to rendering universal services of telecommunication;
the operator of telecommunication - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur rendering services of telecommunication based on special permission (license) for activities in the field of communication;
the user of radio-frequency range - legal entity or physical person which is granted the right to use band of radio frequencies, the radio-frequency channel or radio frequency;
the user of services of telecommunication - legal or (and) the physical person ordering services of telecommunication and (or) using them;
the service provider of telecommunication - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur providing services of telecommunication for which rendering are not required receipts of special permission (license) for activities in the field of communication;
assignment (assignment) of radio frequency or the radio-frequency channel - the decision on possibility of use specific radio frequency or the radio-frequency channel with indication of specific radio-electronic means and (or) the high-frequency device, the purposes and conditions of such use;
the omission of the international traffic - the activities directed to telecommunication transmission of messages (including telephone calls, cable messages, office and information messages, network packets of data communication networks without restrictions on the used user, transport and network protocols) between networks of telecommunication of the Republic of Belarus and networks of telecommunication of foreign states, and also between networks of telecommunication of foreign states if transmission of messages of telecommunication from one foreign state in another is performed through the networks of telecommunication located in the territory of the Republic of Belarus;
the omission of internetwork traffic - the activities directed to telecommunication transmission of messages (including telephone calls, cable messages, office and information messages, network packets of data communication networks without restrictions on the used user, transport and network protocols) between networks of telecommunication of the Republic of Belarus;
traffic transmission - the activities directed to transmission of messages of telecommunication between networks of telecommunication;
radio interference - the impact of electromagnetic energy on acceptance of radio waves caused by one or several radiations and which is shown in any quality degradation, errors or losses of information which could be avoided in the absence of such impact;
radio service - organizational and technical set of the radio-electronic and other technical means providing the radiation, transfer and (or) acceptance of radio waves for particular purposes of telecommunication;
radio frequency - the frequency of electromagnetic oscillations accepted for designation of single component of radio-frequency range;
radio-frequency range - set of bands of radio frequencies, radio-frequency channels or radio frequencies which can be used for functioning of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices;
radio-electronic means - the technical tool intended for transfer and (or) acceptance of radio waves consisting of one or several radio-transmitting and (or) radio-receiving devices and the service equipment;
distribution of bands of radio frequencies - determination of purpose of bands of radio frequencies which is fixed in the Table of distribution of bands of radio frequencies between radio services of the Republic of Belarus;
numbering resource - set or part of options of numbering which can be used in the territory of the Republic of Belarus;
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