of August 29, 1996 No. 267
About seed farming
In this Law the following concepts are applied:
"seeds" - the botanical seed or other parts of vegetable culture used for preserving, reproduction of grades and hybrids;
"reproductive seeds" - the seeds received from reproduction of share and subsequent reproductions of seeds;
"hybrid seeds" - the seeds received from crossing of parent forms;
"genetic (high-quality) quality" - the complex indicators characterizing genetical (high-quality) purity of seeds of certain grade;
"sowing qualities" - the complex indicators characterizing their suitability for crops;
"batch of seeds" - specially completed homogeneous quantity of seeds (certain culture, grade, reproduction, category, genetical (high-quality) purity, year of harvest, one origin) which is supported by the document;
"approbation" - field investigation for the purpose of determination of genetical (high-quality) purity of plants, porazhayemost diseases, wreckers and general condition of seed crops;
"the patent holder (licensor)" - the owner of selection grade, hybrid who acquired the right for it according to the legislation.
The main objectives of seed farming are:
creation of own base of seed farming of crops;
preserving biological and hozyaystvenno valuable signs of grades and hybrids of seeds in the course of strain renovation and strain changing;
preserving and effective use of valuable domestic and world gene pool;
removal and reproduction of the new early ripening, high-yielding, intensive varieties adapted for different climatic zones of the republic";
providing agricultural industry with high-yielding and high-quality seeds;
implementation of the state control of quality of seeds;
implementation of achievements of international experience in seed farming.
The legislation on seed farming consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
The relations in the field of seed farming in the Republic of Karakalpakstan are governed also by the legislation of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
The right to production and use of seeds of the grades and hybrids protected by the patent patent holders, and also the legal entities and physical persons having the license have.
The seeds of grades and hybrids which are not protected by the patent or the certificate can be made and be used by any legal entities and physical persons according to the legislation.
The patent holders authorized by them representatives and also agreements between them are registered according to the procedure, established by the legislation.
The legal entities and physical persons which are engaged in seed farming, creation of hybrids and new grades shall:
develop and implement effective system of primary seed farming and the production technology of seeds;
represent author's descriptions on hybrids and grades;
make seeds with high high-quality and sowing qualities on the basis of the contract with consumers of seeds;
to periodically prepare and publish catalogs of seeds;
keep complete account of each batch of seeds on their high-quality and sowing qualities.
Genetic (high-quality) quality of seeds is determined by results of field and laboratory researches.
High-quality sowings of agricultural crops, the sowing seeds intended for production, are approved according to the procedure, determined by the Ministry of agricultural and water economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The seeds used for crops are subject to certification according to the procedure, established by the legislation.
Certification of seeds is carried out based on the existing standards by the State unitary enterprise "The Center for Rendering Services in Agro-industrial Complex" under Inspectorate for control of agro-industrial complex and ensuring food security under the Prosecutor General's Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its divisions on places.
On standard seeds the certificate of conformity, and on not standard seeds - the coupon about their quality is issued.
Realization of seeds is allowed in the presence of the certificate of conformity with indication of their high-quality and sowing qualities.
The seeds subjected to chemical or biological treatment are delivered to the consumer or in retail chain stores only in packed form. On each packaging there shall be label with indication of type of processing and the instruction about security measures.
The seeds of grades and hybrids which are not included in the State register of the protected grades and the State register of the crops recommended for crops in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan are not subject to sale.
The seeds introduced into circulation surely are marked and stock up according to requirements of state standards.
Realization of the seeds delivered from other states in which quarantine and other dangerous pests, diseases of plants and weeds are widespread is forbidden in the territory of the republic.
Import of seeds is allowed under condition if:
they treat grade which passed the state test and is entered in the State register of the crops recommended for crops in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
for their import there is permission of public service on plant quarantine;
on them there is certificate of conformity and mark of conformity;
on them there is phytosanitary certificate of the exporting country;
they are intended for selection and research works, exhibiting.
The seeds imported and exported for the scientific purposes and for strain testings are not assessed with customs duty and are not subject to quoting and licensing.
Export of seeds is allowed in the presence of the conclusion of the Ministry of agricultural and water economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan or the body authorized by it.
The seeds which are subject to delivery to export are followed by the phytosanitary certificate issued by public service on plant quarantine of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
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