of June 28, 1996 No. of 254k/96-BP
It is adopted at the fifth session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996
expressing sovereign will of the people,
relying on centuries-old history of the Ukrainian state construction and on the basis of performed by the Ukrainian nation, all Ukrainian people of right to self-determination,
showing care of providing human rights and freedoms and worthy conditions of his life,
caring for strengthening of civil consent on the earth of Ukraine and confirming the European identity of the Ukrainian people and irreversibility of the European and Euro-Atlantic rate of Ukraine,
aiming to develop and strengthen the democratic, social, constitutional state,
understanding responsibility to God, own conscience, preceding, present and the future generations,
being guided by the Act of declaration of independence of Ukraine of August 24, 1991 approved on December 1, 1991 by national vote
accepts this Constitution - the Fundamental Law of Ukraine.
Human rights and freedoms and their guarantees determine content and orientation of activities of the state. The state answers to the person for the activities. Approval and providing human rights and freedoms is the main obligation of the state.
Regulations of the Constitution of Ukraine are regulations of direct action. Appeal to the court for protection of constitutional rights and freedoms of man and citizen directly based on the Constitution of Ukraine is guaranteed.
The state promotes studying of languages of the international communication.
Article 11. The state promotes consolidation and development of the Ukrainian nation, her historical consciousness, traditions and cultures, and also to development of ethnic, cultural, language and religious identity of all indigenous people and ethnic minorities of Ukraine.
Article 13. The earth, its subsoil, atmospheric air, water and other natural resources which are in limits of the territory of Ukraine, natural resources of its continental shelf of exclusive (sea) economic zone are objects of the property right of the Ukrainian people. On behalf of the Ukrainian people of the right of the owner perform public authorities and local government bodies in the limits determined by this Constitution.
The property obliges. The property shall not be used to the detriment of the person and society.
Article 16. Providing ecological safety and maintenance of ecological equilibrium in the territory of Ukraine, overcoming consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophic crash - catastrophic crashes of planetary scale, preserving gene pool of the Ukrainian people are obligation of the state.
Ensuring state security and protection of frontier of Ukraine are assigned to the corresponding military forming and law enforcement agencies of the state which organization and procedure for activities are determined by the law.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming can be used by nobody for restriction of the rights and freedoms of citizens or for the purpose of overthrow of the constitutional system, elimination of authorities or preventing of their activities.
In the territory of Ukraine creation and functioning of any paramilitary groups which are not provided by the law is forbidden.
In the territory of Ukraine placement of foreign military bases is not allowed.
Article 18. Foreign policy activities of Ukraine are aimed at providing its national interests and safety by maintenance of peaceful and mutually beneficial cooperation with members of the international community on the basis of the conventional principles and rules of international law.
National flag of Ukraine - banner from two equal horizontal strips of blue and yellow colors.
The big State Emblem of Ukraine is established taking into account the small State Emblem of Ukraine and the coat of arms of Army Zaporizhia by the law adopted by at least than two thirds of the constitutional structure of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
The main element of the big State Emblem of Ukraine is the Sign of the Princely State of Vladimir Veliky (the small State Emblem of Ukraine).
National anthem of Ukraine - the national anthem on M. Verbitsky's music with the words approved by the law which is adopted by at least than two thirds of the constitutional structure of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
The description of the state symbols of Ukraine and procedure for their use are established by the law adopted by at least than two thirds of the constitutional structure of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
The capital of Ukraine is the city of Kiev.
Constitutional rights and freedoms are guaranteed and cannot be abolished.
Article 23. Each person has the right to free development of the personality if at the same time the rights and freedoms of other people are not violated, and has obligations before society in which free and all-round development of his personality is provided.
There cannot be privileges or restrictions on signs of race, skin color, political, religious and other convictions, floor, ethnic and social origin, property status, the residence, on language or other signs.
The equal rights of the woman and man are provided: provision to women of opportunities, equal with men, in social and political and cultural activities, in education and professional training, in work and remuneration for it; special measures on labor protection, and health of women, establishment of pension privileges; creation of the conditions giving to women the chance to combine work with motherhood; legal protection, material and moral support of motherhood and the childhood, including provision of paid leaves and other privileges to expectant mothers and mothers.
The citizen of Ukraine cannot be expelled out of limits of Ukraine or is issued to other state.
Article 26. The foreigners and stateless persons which are in Ukraine on legal causes have the same rights and freedoms, and also perform the same duties, as well as citizens of Ukraine, - behind the exceptions established by the Constitution, the laws or international treaties of Ukraine.
To foreigners and stateless persons it can be granted the shelter according to the procedure established by the law.
Nobody can be randomly deprived of life. Obligation of the state - to protect human life.
Everyone has the right to protect the life and health, life and health of other people from illegal encroachments.
Nobody can be subjected to tortures, the cruel, inhuman or degrading its advantage address or punishment.
Any person without its voluntary consent cannot be subjected to medical, scientific or other experiences.
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