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LAND CODE OF UKRAINE

of October 25, 2001 No. 2768-III

(The last edition from 31-10-2019)

Section I. General part

Chapter 1. Basic provisions

Article 1. The earth - the main national wealth

1. The earth is the main national wealth which is under special protection of the state.

2. The property right to the earth is guaranteed.

3. Use of land ownership cannot do harm to the rights and freedoms of citizens, interests of society, to worsen ecological situation and natural qualities of the earth.

Article 2. Land relations

1. Land relations are public relations on ownership, use and the order of the earth.

2. Subjects of land relations are citizens, legal entities, local government bodies and public authorities.

3. Objects of land relations are lands within the territory of Ukraine, the parcels of land and the rights to them, including to land shares (shares).

Article 3. Regulation of land relations

1. Land relations are governed by the Constitution of Ukraine, this Code, and also regulatory legal acts adopted according to them.

2. The land relations arising when using subsoil, the woods, waters, and also plant and animal life, atmospheric air are regulated by this Code, regulatory legal acts about subsoil, the woods, waters, plant and animal life, atmospheric air if they do not contradict this Code.

Article 4. Land legislation and its task

1. The land legislation includes this Code, other regulatory legal acts in the field of land relations.

2. Task of the land legislation is regulation of land relations for the purpose of ensuring land right of citizens, legal entities, territorial bulks and the state, rational use and protection of lands.

Article 5. Principles of the land legislation

The land legislation is based on the following principles:

a) combinations of features of use of the earth as territorial basis, natural resource and fixed asset of production;

b) ensuring equality of the property right to the earth of citizens, legal entities, territorial bulks and state;

c) non-interference of the state to implementation by citizens, legal entities and territorial bulks of the rights on ownership, use and the order of the earth, except the cases provided by the law;

d) ensuring rational use and protection of lands;

ґ) providing guarantees of land rights;

e) priority of requirements of ecological safety.

Chapter 2. Powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and local government bodies in the field of land relations

Article 6. Powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the field of land relations

In the field of land relations treats powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine:

a) adoption of the laws in the field of regulation of land relations;

b) determination of the principles of state policy in the field of use and protection of lands;

c) approval of nation-wide programs for use and protection of lands;

d) establishment and change of borders of areas and cities;

ґ) coordination of the questions connected with change of purpose of especially valuable lands of the state-owned and municipal property, the termination of the right of permanent use of them according to this Code;

e) the solution of other questions in the field of land relations according to the Constitution of Ukraine.

Article 7. Powers of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the field of land relations

In the field of land relations in the territory of the republic treats powers of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea:

a) the order the lands which are in common property of territorial bulks;

b) ensuring realization of state policy in the field of use and protection of lands;

c) coordination of nation-wide programs of use and protection of lands, participation in their realization within the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;

d) approval and participation in implementation of republican programs of use of lands, increases in fertility of soils, protection of lands;

ґ) it is excluded

e) coordination of activities district and city (the cities of republican value) councils in the field of land relations;

e) coordination of activities of local authorities of land resources;

є) coordination of control of use and protection of lands;

g) it is excluded;

h) establishment and change of borders of villages, settlements which are not part of the respective area;

i) the solution of other questions in the field of land relations according to the law.

Article 8. Powers of regional councils in the field of land relations

In the field of land relations in the territory of the area treats powers of regional councils:

a) the order the lands which are in common property of territorial bulks;

b) the Item) Article 8 is excluded

c) ensuring realization of state policy in the field of use and protection of lands;

d) coordination of nation-wide programs of use and protection of lands, participation in their realization in the corresponding territory;

ґ) approval and participation in implementation of regional programs of use of lands, increases in fertility of soils, protection of lands;

e) coordination of activities of local authorities of land resources;

e) organization of land management;

є) it is excluded;

g) establishment and change of borders of villages, settlements which are not part of the respective area or if the regional council is not formed;

h) permission of land disputes;

i) the solution of other questions in the field of land relations according to the law.

Article 9. Powers of the Kiev and Sevastopol city councils in the field of land relations

In the field of land relations in their territory treats powers of the Kiev and Sevastopol city councils:

a) order lands of territorial bulk of the city;

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