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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 3, 2016 No. 226-FZ

About troops of national guard of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 26-05-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on June 22, 2016

Approved by the Federation Council on June 29, 2016

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Troops of national guard of the Russian Federation and their purpose

Troops of national guard of the Russian Federation (further - troops of national guard) are the state military organization intended for ensuring the state and public security, protection of rights and freedoms of man and citizen.

Article 2. Tasks of troops of national guard

1. Accomplishment of the following tasks is assigned to troops of national guard:

1) participation in protection of public order, ensuring public safety;

2) protection of important state objects, particular loads, constructions on communications according to the lists approved by the Government of the Russian Federation;

3) participation in fight against terrorism and extremism;

4) participation in providing emergency rules, warlike situation, legal regime of counter-terrorist operation;

5) participation in territorial defense of the Russian Federation;

6) rendering assistance to boundary bodies of the Federal Security Service in protection of Frontier of the Russian Federation;

7) federal state control (supervision) of compliance with law of the Russian Federation in the field of traffic in weapons and in the field of private security and private detective activities, and also behind safety of objects of fuel and energy complex, behind activities of divisions of protection of legal entities with singular authorized problems and divisions of departmental protection;

8) protection of especially important and sensitive sites, the objects which are subject to obligatory protection by troops of national guard according to the list approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, protection of property of physical persons and legal entities under agreements;

9) providing according to the decision of the President of the Russian Federation safety of management officials of subjects of the Russian Federation (heads of the supreme executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation) and other persons.

2. Other tasks can be assigned to troops of national guard by the decisions of the President of the Russian Federation made according to the Federal constitutional Laws and the Federal Laws.

Article 3. Legal basis of activities of troops of national guard

The legal basis of activities of troops of national guard is constituted by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law, the international agreements of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, and also regulatory legal acts of the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of activities of troops of national guard of the Russian Federation, in the field of traffic in weapons, in the field of private security activities and in the field of private security (further - authorized federal executive body), and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation regulating activities of troops of national guard.

Article 4. Principles of activities of troops of national guard

Troops of national guard perform the activities on the basis of the principles of legality, observance of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, one-man management and centralization of management.

Article 4.1. Observance of rights and freedoms of man and citizen in activities of troops of national guard

1. When implementing the powers provided by Items 4, of 16, of 18, of 24, of 26, 27 parts 1 of article 9 of this Federal Law, the employee of troops of national guard shall call the position, rank, surname, to show the official ID upon the demand of the citizen then to report the reason and the purpose of the address, and in case of application to the citizen of the measures limiting its rights and freedoms, to explain it the reason and the bases of application of such measures, and also arising with respect thereto the rights and the citizen's obligations.

2. The employee of troops of national guard has the right not to perform the requirements provided by part of 1 this Article in case of the circumstances creating direct threat of life and to health of the employee of troops of national guard or other persons, and also in need of immediate suppression of crime or administrative offense or prosecution of persons who made them.

Article 5. General structure of troops of national guard

1. Are part of troops of national guard:

1) governing bodies;

2) associations, connections and military units;

3) division (bodies) including in which persons having special ranks of police serve (further - divisions);

4) educational organizations of the higher education and other organizations.

2. Governing bodies of associations, governing bodies of connections, military units, divisions, the educational organizations of the higher education and other organizations of troops of national guard can be legal entities in form of business of public institution.

3. Creation, reorganization and abolition (liquidation) of military units and divisions of troops of national guard are performed by the head of authorized federal executive body.

4. Governing bodies of associations, divisions and the organizations of troops of national guard, being legal entities, act on the basis of the charters approved by the head of authorized federal executive body.

5. Governing bodies of connections and military units of troops of national guard, being legal entities, act on the basis of the single standard charter approved by the head of authorized federal executive body.

Article 6. Management and management of troops of national guard

1. Management of troops of national guard is performed by the President of the Russian Federation.

2. President of the Russian Federation:

1) determines tasks of troops of national guard;

2) approves structure and structure of troops of national guard (before operational and territorial consolidation inclusive);

3) approves the number of staff of the military personnel of troops of national guard, the persons who are serving in troops of national guard and having special ranks of police (further - employees), and civil personnel of troops of national guard;

4) appoints the commander-in-chief of troops of national guard to position and dismisses him;

5) is approved by the Charter of troops of national guard, banner and flag of troops of national guard, regulations on them, their descriptions and drawings;

6) is approved by regulations on operational and territorial consolidation of troops of national guard;

7) is established by quantity of positions in the troops of national guard which are subject to substitution by the highest officers (the highest commanding structure) gives the military ranks of the highest officers (special ranks of the highest commanding structure), appoints the military personnel (employees) to military positions (positions) for which the state provides military ranks of the highest officers (special ranks of the highest commanding structure), exempts them from military positions (positions) and discharges them from military service according to the procedure, provided by the Federal Law;

8) approves the concept and the construction plan and developments of troops of national guard;

9) performs other powers according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws and the Federal Laws.

3. Government of the Russian Federation:

1) is performed by allocation of financial resources for ensuring activities of troops of national guard within the amounts established by the Federal Law on the federal budget for the corresponding year and also provides allocation of necessary material resources;

2) is approved by the list of the troops of national guard of weapon, ammunition, the military and special equipment, special means consisting on arms;

3) is provided by equipment of troops of national guard with arms, ammunition, the military and special equipment, special means by their orders;

4) approves lists of important state objects, particular loads, constructions on the communications which are subject to protection by troops of national guard;

5) is approved by the list of the objects which are subject to obligatory protection by troops of national guard;

6) performs within the powers actions for social protection, material security of the military personnel (employees) of troops of national guard, the citizens of the Russian Federation discharged from military service from the internal troops discharged from military service (services) in troops of national guard, members of their families, persons which are (being) dependent on employees (citizens of the Russian Federation, dismissed from service in troops of national guard) and civil personnel;

6. 1) is approved by the list of separate employee categories which have the right to food at the expense of means of the federal budget and to which at their request the food ration is issued, establishes procedure and regulations of issue of food ration and its assortment;

7) provides realization of guarantees of legal protection and social support of the military personnel (employees) of troops of national guard, the citizens of the Russian Federation discharged from military service from the internal troops discharged from military service (services) in troops of national guard, members of their families, persons which are (being) dependent on employees (citizens of the Russian Federation, dismissed from service in troops of national guard) and civil personnel;

8) approves the list of the water objects located in areas with the most valuable natural resources on which water areas military units of troops of national guard participate in protection of public order;

9) is determined by procedure for use of aircraft of troops of national guard for the benefit of other federal executive bodies;

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