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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of June 23, 2016 No. 186-FZ

About the Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in foreign state and the Permanent representative (the representative, the permanent observer) of the Russian Federation under the international organization (in foreign state)

(as amended of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 30.04.2021 No. 116-FZ)

Accepted by the State Duma on June 10, 2016

Approved by the Federation Council on June 15, 2016

Article 1

1. This Federal Law determines legal status, the main objectives and powers of persons replacing the state positions of the Russian Federation of the Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in foreign state, the Permanent representative (the representative, the permanent observer) of the Russian Federation under the international organization (in foreign state) (further respectively - the Ambassador, the Representative).

2. The ambassador - the highest official representative of the Russian Federation accredited in the state of stay, providing with diplomatic and international legal means carrying out the foreign policy line of the Russian Federation, protection of national interests, sovereignty, safety, territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of her citizens and Russian legal entities in the state of stay.

3. The representative - the plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation under the international organization (in foreign state) providing with diplomatic and international legal means carrying out the foreign policy line of the Russian Federation in relevant international organization.

4. The list of the international organizations (foreign states), in case of (in) which presence of the Representative is necessary, it is determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

5. Diplomatic ranks according to the procedure, established by the President of the Russian Federation are appropriated to the ambassador, the Representative.

6. In the activities the Ambassador, the Representative are guided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, acts of the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation, acts of the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of the international relations of the Russian Federation (further - authorized federal executive body).

Article 2

1. The citizen of the Russian Federation capable on the professional and personal qualities, education and the state of health to fulfill the duties provided by this Federal Law can be appointed the ambassador, the Representative.

2. The citizen of the Russian Federation is appointed to the state position of the Russian Federation of the Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in foreign state or to the state position of the Russian Federation of the Permanent representative (the representative, the permanent observer) of the Russian Federation under the international organization (in foreign state) and responds from the corresponding position according to the proposal of the federal minister - the head of authorized federal executive body the President of the Russian Federation after consultations with the relevant committees or the commissions of chambers of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.

3. The citizen of the Russian Federation having nationality (citizenship) of foreign state either the residence permit or other document confirming the right to permanent residence of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the territory of foreign state cannot be appointed the ambassador, the Representative. The ambassador, the Representative respond from the corresponding position in case of the termination of citizenship of the Russian Federation or availability of nationality (citizenship) of foreign state at them or the residence permit or other document confirming the right to permanent residence of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the territory of foreign state.

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