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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

of July 3, 1992 No. 641-XII

About defense

(as amended on 28-11-2023)

I. General provisions

Article 1. Main objectives of this Law

This Law establishes the legal basis of the organization of defense and management of Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan (daleevooruzhenny Forces), determines powers of state bodies, and also participation of self-government institutions of citizens, the companies, organizations, organizations and citizens in ensuring defense of the country.

Article 2. Concept of defense

In this Law defense is understood as complex of political, economic, military, social and legal, information, organizational and other measures for ensuring protection of sovereignty, territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, peaceful life and safety of its population.

Article 3. Legislation on defense

The legislation on defense consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.

Article 4. The basic principles of state policy in the field of defense

The basic principles of state policy in the field of defense are:

non-use of military force against other state, except cases of suppression and reflection of aggression, and also assistance to the states with which the Republic of Uzbekistan is connected by the relevant agreements;

participation according to rules of international law in systems of collective security;

nonparticipation in military-political blocks;

adequacy of military construction to nature of modern wars and armed conflicts;

refusal of production, conversion, acquisition, storage, distribution, placement nuclear and other types of weapon of mass defeat;

permanent readiness of Armed Forces, economies, the populations, the territories to aggression reflection;

defense sufficiency;

ensuring prestigiousness of military service.

II. Organization of defense and management of Armed Forces

Article 5. Organization of defense

The organization of defense includes:

creation of the necessary conditions directed to the prevention and control of aggression, the organized armed protection against infringement of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

implementation of single state policy in the field of defense, enhancement of military organization of the state according to modern requirements;

ensuring coordination and interaction of all forces and means necessary for the solution of defense tasks;

monitoring of military-political situation, real and potential hazards of homeland security;

acceptance of political, economic, military, social and legal, information, organizational and other measures for prevention of involvement of the Republic of Uzbekistan in wars and armed conflicts;

construction, preparation, maintenance in permanent readiness of Armed Forces, optimization of their number, structure and structure;

equipping and providing Armed Forces respectively modern arms, military equipment, military and technical and ware property, food, other material means, energy and other resources, creation of their inventories;

planning of use of Armed Forces;

taking measures of foreign policy nature for the solution of defense tasks;

In wartime the Minister of Defence of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the same time is the Deputy Supreme Commander Armed Forces.

Management of daily activities of Armed Forces is performed by the heads of the ministries, state committees and departments having the military forming which are part of Armed Forces in the subordination.

Operational management of Armed Forces on accomplishment of the tasks set for them is performed by the chief of the Integrated headquarters of Armed Forces.

Article 6. Armed forces

Armed forces include the army associations, connections and parts, and also other military forming organized and containing the state for control and prevention of wars and armed conflicts, protection of national interests, sovereignty, territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan and peaceful life of the population.

Armed forces are under construction and perform the activities on the basis of rule of law, centralized management and one-man management, permanent combat and mobilization readiness and respect for military discipline.

Military facilities, buildings and constructions, all types of arms, military equipment and other military property are property of the state and are under authority of Armed Forces.

Completing of Armed Forces is performed according to the procedure, established by the legislation.

Article 7. Management of Armed Forces

The management of defense and Armed Forces is performed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan - the Supreme Commander Armed Forces.

In wartime the Minister of Defence of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the same time is the Deputy Supreme Commander Armed Forces. 

Management of daily activities of Armed Forces is performed by the heads of the ministries and departments having the military forming which are part of Armed Forces in the subordination.

Operational management of Armed Forces on accomplishment of the tasks set for them is performed by the chief of the General Staff of Armed Forces.

III. Powers of state bodies in the field of defense. Participation of self-government institutions of citizens, companies, organizations, organizations and citizens in ensuring defense

Article 8. Powers of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of defense

The president of the Republic of Uzbekistan - the Supreme Commander Armed Forces:

determines the main directions of defense policy and military construction of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

directs activities of state bodies in the field of defense;

takes necessary measures for ensuring defense capability of the Republic of Uzbekistan, protection of its sovereignty, safety and territorial integrity;

approves construction plans, applications and developments of Armed Forces, and also other state plans and programs for the organization of defense;

approves structure, structure and dislocation of Armed Forces and other military forming of the Republic of Uzbekistan on peace and wartime;

makes the decision and gives the order to Armed Forces about conducting military operations, including about participation in the international peacekeeping actions, and also about attraction them to accomplishment of tasks not on direct purpose;

announces according to the procedure, established by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, state of war in case of attack on the Republic of Uzbekistan or in case of need accomplishment of contractual commitments on mutual defense against aggression, general or partial mobilization and imposes state of emergency in all territory or in certain areas of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

appoints to position and dismisses the high command of Armed Forces, gives the highest military ranks;

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