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Agreement between the Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian Federation on procedure for use of the Baikonur spaceport

of May 25, 1992

The State Parties of this agreement, being guided by regulations of the Agreement between the State Parties of the Commonwealth of Independent States on joint activities for research and use of space of December 30, 1991, the Agreement on the principles of providing Armed forces of the State Parties of the Commonwealth of Independent States with arms, military equipment and other appliances, the organization of research and development works of March 20, 1992, Agreements between the State Parties of the Commonwealth of Independent States on strategic forces of December 30, 1991 and about the status of strategic forces of February 14, 1992, the Agreement on procedure for content and use of objects of space infrastructure for the benefit of accomplishment of space programs of May 15, 1992, decrees of presidents of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation on creation of Armed Forces of these states,

recognizing need of preserving and development of the Baikonur spaceport for research and use of space for the benefit of the national economy, science, international cooperation and safety of the Commonwealth,

considering the importance of the spaceport in implementation of interstate and independent programs,

proceeding from the legal acts adopted by the State Parties of this agreement

agreed as follows:

Article 1

The Baikonur spaceport is component of space infrastructure and includes technical, starting, landing complexes, areas of fall of the separated fragments of rockets of space appointment and ballistic missiles.

Subject of this agreement is the procedure for use of the specified objects of the Baikonur spaceport which are in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation and also questions of their content and financing.

Borders of fields of fall of the separated fragments of rockets of space appointment and ballistic missiles, polygons of landing of landers and capsules, procedure and conditions of use of lands are determined in coordination with regional authorities according to the current legislation of the State Parties of this agreement.

Article 2

The objects of the Baikonur spaceport located in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan are its property.

The Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation transfer the right of use immovable, uses and ownerships of the personal estate of the Baikonur spaceport which is in their territory, to Strategic Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States (UNKS). Transfer of separate objects to other interested organizations as agreed by the parties is allowed.

The structure of the transferred objects and condition of their use, including objects of the social sphere of the Baikonur spaceport, are determined by special agreements between the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Agency of space researches of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the head of the Lenin city administration, on the one hand, UNKS and the Russian space agency, on the other hand.

In case of the termination of activities of Strategic Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States the status of military merging of the Baikonur spaceport is determined by the agreement between the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.

Article 3

Coordination of research and production activities for preparation and implementation of space programs, and also to use of space technologies for the benefit of science and the national economy the Agency of space researches of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian space agency perform.

Use and further development of scientific and technical capacity of the Baikonur spaceport is performed by the agencies on the approved basis, taking into account creation at the spaceport of the State center of new and space technologies of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 4

The Republic of Kazakhstan creates at the Baikonur spaceport special body for the decision according to its current legislation of all property and economic questions following from Article 2 of this agreement.

Article 5

Offers on financing of maintenance costs and operation of objects of the Baikonur spaceport, the social sphere and production infrastructure are developed by command of the spaceport together with regional authorities and submitted for approval of the parties in accordance with the established procedure.

Equity of the Republic of Kazakhstan in financing of joint maintenance costs and operation of the Baikonur spaceport does not exceed 6 percent from the amounts of financing allocated by the Russian Federation for these purposes.

The State Parties of this agreement shall provide with necessary material resources normal functioning of the spaceport and development of its social sphere.

Article 6

Compensation of the damage connected with violation of ecological standard rates as a result of operation of objects of the Baikonur spaceport and also with violation of normal functioning of objects and constructions of space infrastructure and accomplishment of space programs, is performed by responsible for damage according to the procedure and the sizes determined by the interstate commission. Agreement parties shall take measures for liquidation of the ecological effects connected with previous period of operation of the Baikonur spaceport, step by step till 2000.

Article 7

Commercial projects based on the Baikonur spaceport are performed jointly by the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation on the approved basis.

Profit distribution from business activity is determined by free standing agreements. On development of the social sphere of the Baikonur spaceport and the city of Leninsk at least 15 percent from the got business profit are deducted.

Article 8

UNKS together with the Russian space agency beforehand represent plans of starts of spacecrafts, test launches of ballistic missiles for the next year to the governments of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. The government of the Republic of Kazakhstan is competent to make at discretion amendments and changes to the provided plans of starts (start-up) before their approval.

Notifies relevant organs of the states in 5 days with the subsequent submission of information on results of their carrying out on each planned start (start-up) of UNKS.

Relevant organs of the states are notified on all changes of the annual plan of starts (start-up) not later than 10 days.

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