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of March 26, 2016

About religious liberty and the religious organizations

(as amended on 05-06-2021)

This Law is based that Turkmenistan, being the democratic, constitutional and secular state, guaranteeing freedom of religions and religion, provides equality of everyone irrespective of his religious beliefs, recognizes historical role of Islam in cultural development and the spiritual life of people, respects other religions, recognizes importance of interfaith consent, religious tolerance and respect of religious beliefs of citizens.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) religion – outlook and attitude, and also the behavior and specific actions based on faith in someone or in something corresponding to them;

2) religion – the developed dogma belonging to any religion with traditional cult practice;

3) church service – set of the cult ceremonies and actions made by priests on developed ritual and following from requirements of dogma;

4) religious practices – set of the actions established by dogma in which religious representations are realized;

5) religious rituals and ceremonies – the procedure for making of ceremonial actions established by dogma;

6) pilgrimage – visit by believers of historically significant places for worship of shrines of this religion;

7) religious activities – the activities directed to satisfaction of religious needs of believers and also other activities aimed at organizational and material providing of cult practice of the religious organization.

Article 2. Subject of regulation of this Law

This Law according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan regulates legal relationship in the sphere of rights of man and citizen on religious liberty, and also legal status of the religious organizations.

Article 3. Main objectives of this Law

The main objectives of this Law consist in providing the right of everyone to liberty of conscience and religious liberty, social justice, equality, protection of the rights and legitimate interests irrespective of the relation to religion and religious affiliation, on freedom of consolidation in the religious organizations.

Article 4. Legislation of Turkmenistan on religious liberty and religious organizations

1. The legislation of Turkmenistan on religious liberty and the religious organizations is based on the Constitution of Turkmenistan, consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.

2. If international treaties of Turkmenistan establish other rules than containing in this Law, then rules of international treaties are applied.

Article 5. Religion right to liberty

1. In Turkmenistan religious liberty, including the right to profess solely or together with others any religion or not to profess any, to freely choose and change, have, express religious and other beliefs, and also to be effective according to them is guaranteed.

2. The right of man and citizen on religious liberty can be temporarily limited to the law only in that measure in what it is necessary for the purpose of protection of bases of the constitutional system, morality, health, the rights and legitimate interests of man and citizen, ensuring defense of the country and safety of the state.


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