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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of March 4, 2016 No. 19

About metrology

(as amended on 24-05-2018)

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Sphere of regulation

(1) This law establishes the structure of national system of metrology, units of measure permitted to use in the Republic of Moldova, the principles of management in the field of metrology, categories of applicable regulating documents in the field of legislative metrology, and also the requirement to gages and measurements in areas of public interest.

(2) the Law determines procedure of legislative metrological control of gages and measurements in areas of public interest, the packed-up products and bottles used as measuring reservoirs and also establishes obligations of the physical persons and legal entities occupied in the sphere of legislative metrology.

Article 2. Legislation on metrology

(1) the Legislation on metrology consists of this law and other regulations adopted on its basis and establishes the legal base of legislative metrology for the purpose of ensuring unity and accuracy of measurements, protection of physical persons and legal entities irrespective of type of property and form of business from detrimental consequences of the wrong or doubtful results of measurements.

(2) In the part which is not settled by this law, the procedure for request, provision, suspension and withdrawal of the allowing documents provided for business entities by this law is determined by the Law on regulation of business activity by permission No. 160/2011

Article 3. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this law the basic concepts are used in the following value:

approval of type – the decision based on the valuation report having legal value which confirms compliance like gage to the requirements specified in regulating documents, applicable in the field of legislative metrology, and which consequence issue of the certificate of approval of type is;

legislative metrological control – the set of types of activity on legislative metrology including legislative metrological control of gages, measurements, the packed-up products, bottles used as measuring reservoirs and also metrological supervision and metrological examination;

commissioning – the first use of the gage intended for the end user in the intended purposes;

authorization – the decision based on the valuation report having legal value which confirms competence of the applicant of implementation of activities for legislative metrology (checking of gages and accomplishment of measurements in areas of public interest), and also its compliance to the criteria specified in regulating documents, applicable in the field of legislative metrology;

standard – the physical realization of determination of this size with the established value of size and uncertainty of measurements inherent in it used as basis for comparison;

international standard – the standard recognized by the parties of the international agreement, intended for application at the international level;

national standard – the standard recognized by the central body for metrology for application as basis in case of assignment of values to other standards of sizes of the same sort;

working standard – the standard which is constantly used for calibration or checking of gages or measuring systems;

calibration – transaction during which under the set conditions at the first stage the ratio between values of sizes with the uncertainty of measurement inherent in them provided with standards, and the corresponding indications with uncertainty of measurement inherent in them is established and at the second stage on the basis of this information is established the ratio allowing to receive result of measurement proceeding from the indication;

metrological examination – set of the transactions performed for the purpose of survey and demonstration of condition of gages, and also determination of their metrological characteristics including by correlation with applicable regulating documents in the field of legislative metrology;

uncertainty of measurements – the positive parameter characterizing dispersion of the values attributed to the measured size on the basis of the used information;

introduction on the market of gage – provision of gage in the market for the first time;

sign of approval of type – distinctive mark which drawing on gage compliance of that to the approved type makes sure;

verification mark – distinctive mark which drawing in a visible place on gage accomplishment with satisfactory result of checking of gage according to applicable regulating documents in the field of legislative metrology makes sure;

brand of primary checking of SE – distinctive mark which drawing in a visible place on gage accomplishment with satisfactory result of primary checking of SE according to the European directives makes sure;

measurement – process of experimental receipt of one or more values which can be reasonably attributed to size;

the measured size – the size which is supposed to be measured;

metrology – the science about measurements and methods of their application including all theoretical and practical aspects of measurements irrespective of uncertainty of measurement and scope;

legislative metrology – the Section of metrology relating to the activities performed according to the requirements established by bodies with functions of regulation in the field of metrology;

gage – the measuring tool used for accomplishment of measurements independently or in combination with one or several additional measuring devices or the measuring system used for accomplishment of measurements;

the packed-up products – goods combination to individual packaging in which it is packed. The goods are packed up if it is placed in any packaging in the absence of the buyer, and the goods quantity containing in packaging has the preset value and cannot be changed without opening of packaging or its noticeable change;

the authorized representative of the producer – any legal entity with the location in the Republic of Moldova to which the producer in writing charged to act from his name in case of the solution of specific objectives;

The International System of Units (SI) – (coherent) system of units based on the International system of sizes with names and designations of units and set of prefixes with their names and designations, and also with the rules of their application accepted by the General conference on measures and scales (CGPM);

metrological supervision – the activities for legislative metrological control performed for the purpose of check of fulfillment of requirements of the legislation in the field of metrology. Metrological supervision includes supervision of the market and supervision of use of gages according to the Supervisory act behind the market concerning realization of nonfood products, and also with the Law on the state control of business activity;

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