Ministry of justice
Republic of Tajikistan
On March 1, 2007 No. 243
Approved as the Chief state health officer of the Republic on February 28, 2007 No. 75
1.2. These health regulations and regulations determines sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to the organization and operation of zones of sanitary protection of source of water supply and water supply systems of economic and drinking appointment.
Health regulations and regulations are intended for public authorities and local self-government, the companies and organizations, officials, citizens, and also the bodies and organizations exercising the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance and environmental control.
1.3. Zone of sanitary protection will be organized on all water supply systems, regardless of departmental accessory, pumping water both from superficial, and from underground sources.
Main objective of creation and providing the mode in zone of sanitary protection is sanitary protection from pollution of sources of water supply and water constructions, and also the territories in which they are located.
1.4. The zone of sanitary protection will be organized as a part of three belts: the first belt (high security) includes the territory of arrangement of water intakes, platforms of arrangement of all water constructions and the water carrying out channel. Its appointment - protection the place of water intake and water intaking constructions from accidental or intentional pollution and damage. The second and third belts (belt of restrictions) include the territory intended for the prevention of pollution of water of sources of water supply. Sanitary protection of conduits is provided with sanitary protection strip.
In each of three belts, and also within sanitary protection strip, according to their destination, the special mode is set and the complex of the actions directed to the prevention of quality degradation of water is determined.
1.5. The zone of sanitary protection shall precede the organizations development of its project in which joins:
a) delimitation of zone and the belts constituting it;
b) the actions plan on improvement of sanitary condition of the territory zone of sanitary protection and to the prevention of pollution of source;
c) rules and mode of economic use of the territories of three belts zone of sanitary protection.
In case of project development of zone of sanitary protection for large water supply systems the Regulations on zone of sanitary protection containing hygienic bases of their organization for this water supply system are created previously.
1.6. Delimitation of zone of sanitary protection and development of complex of necessary organizational, technical, hygienic and anti-epidemic actions are depending on type of the sources of water supply (underground or superficial) designed or used for economic and drinking water supply from degree of their natural security and possible microbic or chemical pollution.
1.7. On water supply systems with subriver-bed water intake of zones of sanitary protection it is necessary to organize, as for superficial source of water supply.
On water supply systems with artificial replenishment of underground waters of zone of sanitary protection it will be organized as for superficial source (concerning water intake for infiltration pools), and for underground source (for protection of infiltration pools and operational wells).
1.8. The basic decision on possibility of the organization of zones of sanitary protection shall be made on project stage of the district layout or master plan when the water supply source is chosen. Shall be shown in master plans of building of the inhabited places of zone of sanitary protection of sources of water supply on the scheme of planning restrictions.
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