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RESOLUTION OF THE STATE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 15, 2015 No. 9

About approval of Aviation rules of the organization and accomplishment of flights of experimental air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus

(as amended on 24-05-2021)

Based on Articles 6, of 18, of Chapter 9 of the Air code of the Republic of Belarus, resolutions of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of November 9, 2006 "About procedure for the organization and accomplishment of test missions in the Republic of Belarus" and of August 6, 2015 No. 665 "About approval procedure of the aviation rules regulating activities in the field of experimental aircraft, and the list of positions of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft of the Republic of Belarus" the State military-industrial committee of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES: No. 1500

1. Approve Aviation rules of the organization and accomplishment of flights of experimental air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus (are applied).

2. This resolution becomes effective in 15 working days after its signing.

Acting as Chairman

I.M.Bykov

It is approved

Letter of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Belarus

On December 17, 2015 No. 01-20/10657

 

 

It is approved

Letter of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Belarus

On December 16, 2015 No. 1/2457

 

 

 

Approved by the Resolution of the State military-industrial committee of the Republic of Belarus of December 15, 2015 No. 9

Aviation rules of the organization and accomplishment of flights of experimental air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus

Section I. Basic provisions

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. These Aviation rules developed according to the Air code of the Republic of Belarus (further - the Air code), regulate procedure for the organization and accomplishment of the test missions (piloted pilotless) air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus.

2. Requirements of these Aviation rules are obligatory for all legal entities performing the organization and accomplishment of flights of experimental air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus.

In the organizations - owners of experimental air vehicles, based on the requirements stated in these Aviation rules, taking into account structure of the located forces and means, type of aviation engineering, conditions of basing instructions (management) in which the procedure for the organization and accomplishment of flights in the organization, the list of documentation and the requirement for its maintaining are determined are developed.

3. In these Aviation rules the terms established in the Air code, the Law of the Republic of Belarus of January 9, 2006 No. 93-Z "About hydrometeorological activities" and also the following are applied:

3.1. main terms and their determinations:

aviation division – division (calculation) of pilotless aviation complex, aviation link, group, squadron (the station of flight testing), and also other primary aviation structure;

fighting use of unmanned aerial vehicles – the type of flight training of operators of unmanned aerial vehicles directed to training in use in flight of arms and the equipment of unmanned aerial vehicles for defeat of land (sea), air targets or solutions of other combat and special missions;

air reconnaissance (additional exploration) of weather – special aircraft flight for refining of airflow and ornithological conditions in the area (on routes) the forthcoming flights, and also for functional check of communicating device and radio engineering flight servicing;

time of preparation of the air vehicle for repeated departure – period of time from the moment of engine shutdown (engines) after flight (landing in case of engine shutdown (engines) in air) to LOC ARM to taxiing-out of the air vehicle from the place of preparation for take-off point (to take-off of the unmanned aerial vehicle);

flight time of the air vehicle – period of time from the moment of start of take-off run (start of motion of the unmanned aerial vehicle on landing strip, descent of the unmanned aerial vehicle from hand, the catapult device, separation moment from earth's surface in case of vertical take-off of the air vehicle or increase in the mode of engines up to the take-off mode in case of take-off without stopping (conveyor) until contact of earth's surface (throttling of the engine after landing in case of vertical landing) and the ends of run (the achievement moment the air vehicle on run of the maximum speed of taxing determined by flight manual of this air vehicle);

cool qualification – exponent of development of specialty by aeronautical personnel, appropriated in accordance with the established procedure: "The test pilot of the 1st class", "The test pilot of the 2nd class", "The test pilot of 3rd class", "The military pilot-sniper", "The military pilot of the 1st class", "The military pilot of the 2nd class", "The military pilot of 3rd class", qualification (class, category) "First class of the pilot of civil aviation", "Second class of the pilot of civil aviation", "The third class of the pilot of civil aviation", "The specialist of the 1st class", "The specialist of the 2nd class", "The specialist of 3rd class", "Master" (further – respectively 1 class, the 2nd class, 3rd class);

the commander of crew (aircraft commander) – person having the existing certificate (the certificate, flight book) of the pilot (pilot), and also the preparation and experience necessary for independent control of the air vehicle of certain type;

check flight – the flight which is carried out by the trainee with the instructor for the purpose of control (check) of level of proficiency in the air vehicle, its equipment and arms according to the flying mission;

control management of the operator of the unmanned aerial vehicle – flight, management of which are carried out by the trainee under control of the instructor, for the purpose of control (check) of training level of the operator to control of the unmanned aerial vehicle, its equipment and arms according to the flying mission;

check flight of the air vehicle – the special flight which is carried out for the purpose of functional check of separate nodes, aggregates, devices, flight and navigation systems after fault recovery and also for the purpose of check of compliance of copy of the air vehicle of standard pattern;

flight training – training (enhancement) of flight personnel (operators of unmanned aerial vehicles) in flight (in flight control of the unmanned aerial vehicle) to its types – piloting technique, navigation, fighting application;

flight change – the period of time determined in the planned table of flights during which flights of air vehicles are carried out. Time for accomplishment of air reconnaissance of weather does not join in duration of flight change;

person organizing flights – the head of the organization or the person authorized by it from among administrative board, having flight education and experience of the organization of flights to which the obligation on the organization (the organization and accomplishment) of flights in the organization is assigned;

bodies of management and flight management (further – bodies of RUP) – bodies (group of management of flights) of airspace users of the Republic of Belarus performing management and flight management in airfields (platforms, polygons) of air vehicles of the state, civil and experimental aviation;

the organization – the owner of the experimental air vehicle (further – the organization) – the legal entity performing development, production, upgrade, testing, operation, one of them or other actions concerning the experimental air vehicle belonging to it on the property right, the right of economic maintaining or operational management or other bases, stipulated by the legislation or the agreement;

the organization of flights – the complex of the events held by service employees, including decision making on carrying out flights, determination of tasks of flights, procedure and the sequence of their accomplishment and reduction in readiness of aeronautical personnel, air vehicles, airfield, forces and controls and flight servicing for their accomplishment, interaction working off;

the flying mission (task for flight) – established (set) to flight personnel (the operator of the unmanned aerial vehicle) the direct head, flight test program (researches), rate of flight training set of elements of flight, procedure and the sequence of their accomplishment;

checking – person determining the level of professional readiness of the crew member on the earth and in flight in case of accomplishment of the job responsibilities by it;

production of flights – approved on time and the purposes of action of aeronautical personnel, directed to accomplishment of flights;

developer – the organization performing process of creation of new type of object of experimental aircraft, development of technical documentation and production of prototype;

administrative board of the organization – service employees of aeronautical personnel from division managers above to whom functions of management of activities in the field of experimental aircraft are assigned;

certified basis – the complex of requirements to object of experimental aircraft and environmental protection extending to this type;

the airworthiness certificate – the document certifying compliance of the air vehicle of the standard pattern specified in the certificate of type, and being necessary condition of the admission to flight operation of this air vehicle with the restrictions set for it;

special flight – the flight on task performance demanding from aircraft crew of special knowledge and skills which accomplishment is provided by special programs;

specialists testers are participants of testing which based on the test program carry out the obligations in flight according to the flying mission (task for flight) on specially equipped workplaces not provided by the flight manual operating for carrying out testing;

starting time – period of time during which the aircraft crew has the right to carry out flight. Starting time of aircraft crew is counted in case of accomplishment of local flights from actual (maiden flight according to the planned table), and in case of flights – from the planned time of the first departure;

training flight – the flight which is carried out by flight personnel for the purpose of fixing of the acquired skills and their further enhancement;

3.2. reducings:

HELL – the aviation dispatcher;

ANI – aeronautical information;

ASP – aviation weapon of destruction;

AT – aviation engineering;

ATO – airfield technical support;

TANK – pilotless aviation complex;

BANO – marker navigation lights;

BLA – the unmanned aerial vehicle;

BPRM – the near homing radio marker beacon;

VMU – visual meteorological conditions;

The runway – landing strip;

VRP – air reconnaissance of weather;

AF – the air vehicle;

W – airway;

HOP – group of flight servicing;

Goskomvoyenprom – the State military-industrial committee of the Republic of Belarus;

Fuel and lubricants – fuel and greases;

DPRM – the distant homing radio marker beacon;

ZNAV – area navigation;

IAS – aviation engineering service;

IVP – use of airspace;

IPP – the instruction for production of flights;

ITS – technical engineer personnel;

KLP – rate of flight training;

PCB – rate of special preparation;

MVL – local airline;

MS – stalls;

MU – meteorological conditions;

PLANK BEDS – free aviation rockets;

NPSK – ground search and rescue crew;

OGYa – the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomenon;

OK – objective control;

Air traffic management – air traffic management;

SMALLPOX – particular cases in flight;

PVP – visual flight rules;

The personal computer – runway landing heading;

PMU – instrument meteorological conditions;

PPP – rules of instrument flight;

PSO – search and rescue providing;

PU – control center;

RD – taxiway;

RLO – radar providing;

Radar station – radar station;

RLE – flight manual of the air vehicle or the instruction to aircraft crew;

To HORN – republican state body;

RPU – hand-over function boundary;

RTO – radio engineering providing;

RTS – radio engineering means;

RUP – management and flight managements;

SIV – system of imitation of visibility;

SNO OP – means of land providing common application;

CC and RTO – communicating device and radio engineering providing;

UMP – the established weather minimum;

UR – guided rockets;

TsES air traffic management – the center of the Single system of air traffic management of the Republic of Belarus.

Chapter 2. Experimental air vehicles

4. The experimental AF (piloted, pilotless) are subdivided into the experienced, modified, flying laboratories, serial and auxiliary.

The experimental AF used for check of the set flight technical characteristics and design decisions for the purpose of production of serial experimental AF or carrying out flight researches in the field of creation of new samples of AT belongs to experienced.

The experimental AF created based on experienced or earlier accepted in operation of AF by introduction in design and (or) onboard systems of the changes significantly changing its flight technical characteristics, and (or) used for carrying out testing after their modification belongs to modified.

The experimental AF created based on experienced or earlier accepted in operation and used for carrying out on them the advancing testing and researches in flight of onboard systems and (or) the equipment belongs to the flying laboratories.

The experimental AF made by results of accomplishment of development works (to their exception of the State register of experimental air vehicles of the Republic of Belarus), and also the state and (or) civil AF who is temporarily transferred to the organizations for carrying out testing belongs to serial.

The experimental AF used for providing in flight of flight testing belongs to auxiliary.

5. The piloted experimental AF on number of crew members is subdivided on one-seat and many-placed.

Chapter 3. Types of flights

6. Flights of experimental AF are special flights. To destination they are subdivided on research, test, certified test, auxiliary, flights (check flights) and demonstration.

Research flight - the special flight which is carried out for researches of opportunities of experimental AF, its systems, arms, aeronautical, radio-electronic, special and other equipment, the power unit (engines) for their more effective use in case of the solution of tasks on purpose.

Test flight - the special flight which is carried out by developer of prototype of experimental AF at stage of preliminary tests for determination of the basic flight and utilization properties of AF, the power unit (engines), the aeronautical and special equipment, arms and other equipment, compliance of their characteristics to the set requirements and regulations of the validity, and also check of correctness and efficiency of design decisions.

Certification test flight - the special flight which is carried out at stage of certification tests for the purpose of check and confirmation of conformity of characteristics of prototype of object of experimental aircraft to certified basis.

Auxiliary flight - the special flight which is carried out for preparation and flight test support (maintenance, filming, trainings in accomplishment of the modes of the test program and flight test techniques, trainings in instrument landing approaches, fighting application and another).

Flight (check flight) - the special flight which is carried out for the purpose of functional check of the power unit (engines) and systems, separate aggregates and nodes, devices after repair and replacement of aggregates, scheduled works, completions, fault recovery.

Flight (check flight) is carried out also for the purpose of check of compliance of copy of experimental AF of the standard pattern specified in the certificate like sample in case of issue (prolongation) of the airworthiness certificate.

Demonstration flight - the special flight which is carried out for demonstration of flight and technical and other characteristics of experimental AF.

Auxiliary, demonstration flights and flights (check flights) provided by flight test programs and also flights for training (recommission) of flight personnel and specialists testers (operators of BLA) are considered as test flights.

7. Under the terms of piloting and navigation flights are subdivided into visual flights and fly-by-wires.

8. On meteorological conditions of accomplishment flights of the piloted experimental AF are subdivided into flights in VMU and PMU which are carried out on PVP and PPP respectively.

Flights in clouds, between cloud covers and behind clouds belong to flights in PMU in case of overcast of 7 and more points, and also under clouds in case of the lower bound of clouds and (or) flight visibility according to peak values of parameters of meteorological elements in case of which flights are considered executed in PMU odinochno and as a part of groups according to appendix 1 to these Aviation rules.

The flight time over water space out of visual visibility of coastal line and in stratosphere is considered the same as flight time in PMU.

All other flights belong to flights in VMU.

Section II. Flight personnel, crew of the experimental air vehicle

Chapter 4. General provisions

9. Pilots (pilots) - the testers, navigators-testers and other persons who had special training, having the corresponding specialty or the appropriate certificate (certificate) which underwent medical examination and recognized suitable for flight work and fulfillment of duties in flight as a part of crew according to requirements of RLE (the test program or researches AF) treat flight personnel of experimental aircraft.

The list of positions of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft (flight personnel and non-flying aeronautical personnel) affirms Goskomvoyenprom.

10. The crew of experimental AF consists of citizens of the Republic of Belarus. Inclusion in flight crew of experimental AF of foreign citizens and persons without citizenship is performed by the order (decision) of the head of the organization.

11. The foreign citizens (having the corresponding specialty confirmed with the certificate (certificate) recognized in the Republic of Belarus, suitable according to the medical certificate to flights) can be included crew of experimental AF in the following cases:

in case of accomplishment of programs for carrying out flight testing (researches) jointly made by the organizations of the Republic of Belarus and foreign states of experimental AF;

when carrying out joint flight testing (researches) experimental AF on adopted agendas;

in need of the admission of aeronautical personnel of the Republic of Belarus to flights and management of BLA (recommission, accomplishment of checks and another);

when holding air shows (exhibitions) and practical displays of AT in the Republic of Belarus and beyond its limits.

12. Faces of foreign flight personnel are allowed to flight after the special preparation which is carried out by specialists of the organization. Flight training shall correspond to task for flight and safety control. The admission to flight is given by the order of the head of the organization.

13. Faces of flight personnel of the organizations, and also the state or civil aviation are included crew of experimental AF according to the test program and in the presence at them the existing certificates of testers or the admission on the corresponding specialties.

14. The structure of crew of the experimental (piloted) AF is determined by RLE operating for carrying out testing and consists of flight crew and cabin crew.

To flight crew the flight personnel, the acting as on management of AF, treats cabin crew - the flight personnel operating systems and the equipment of experimental AF. The pilot (pilot) is appointed the commander of crew of experimental AF.

According to the test program (researches) developer of experimental AF the structure of crew (certain RLE) can in addition include other necessary specialists testers (participants of testing) who had training, having the corresponding admission and suitable according to the medical certificate to flights on this type of experimental AF.

The crew of experimental AF, management of which in flight is provided with one pilot (pilot) and does not require onboard other crew members, consists of the commander of AF.

15. The structure of crew of BLA consists of the operator (operators) of BLA (the operator of BLA and the instructor - the commander of crew). Person having in stipulated by the legislation cases the certificate (certificate) on the right of management of BLA of certain type can be the operator of BLA.

16. Flights shall be carried out by crew of experimental AF en banc. The crew of experimental AF in the reduced structure allowed to carry out flights if it is provided by RLE, the test program (researches) of experimental AF.

17. The structure of crew of the experimental AF who is carrying out distant flight, by the solution of the face organizing flights can in addition include the pilot (pilot), the navigator and the onboard engineer (technician) if required starting time for flight exceeds 14 hours.

18. Can be included in structure of crew of experimental AF checking (instructors). At the same time workplaces of the trainees (checked) are forbidden to be taken. The total quantity of checking (instructors) from faces of flight personnel shall not be more than two.

Checking (instructor), carrying out inspection or training of the pilot in flight (the operator of BLA in management), is commander of experimental AF and bears responsibility for safety of flight, including in case of hand-over function to the checked (trained) pilot (the operator of BLA).

19. Checking (instructor) in the specialty (except the pilot), carrying out inspection or training of crew members of experimental AF in flight, submits to the commander of experimental AF and bears responsibility for accomplishment by the checked crew members of experimental AF of obligations and safety requirements of flight on the specialty.

Chapter 5. Obligations, rights and responsibility of crew members of the experimental air vehicle

20. Crew members of experimental AF in case of fulfillment of duties shall be dressed in the individual (special) flight uniform determined by the head of the organization.

21. The crew member of experimental AF has the right to refuse flight execution if, in his opinion, there are reasoned bases to be afraid for safe completion of flight.

22. Crew members of the piloted experimental AF in case of flight execution shall:

observe procedure for accomplishment of the flying mission, requirements of RLE and flight test program (researches);

follow instructions of body of RUP exercising flight control of experimental AF. In case of explicit safety hazard of flight, and also for the purpose of rescue of life of the people who are onboard experimental AF, the commander of AF can make the decision on departure from flight plan, instructions of body of RUP and the flying mission, following (whenever possible) statutory rules of flights. The crew is forbidden to stop radio communication with the body of RUP exercising flight control of experimental AF and also to pass without its permission to communication with other body of RUP;

conduct aviation meteorological observations, observation of air, ornithological picture visually and with use of onboard RTS. In case of detection of OGYa or near collision with other AF to take exhaustive measures for ensuring safe continuation of flight with the report to the body of RUP exercising flight control.

23. In case of flight safety hazard the commander of experimental AF and crew members shall take exhaustive preservation measures of life and health of passengers and crew members, and also experimental AF and being onboard property.

24. Prior to flight the crew (the operator of BLA) shall be convinced that:

experimental by AF it is prepared for flight and there is documentary confirmation about accomplishment of its maintenance;

fuelling and special liquids of experimental AF, charge of the BLA accumulators, suspension variants of arms and the special equipment are executed according to the flying mission;

the load which is available onboard experimental AF is correctly distributed and reliably fixed;

onboard the piloted experimental AF are:

the weather report (in case of accomplishment of VRP of weather and flights);

aeronautical charts;

documents ANI (statements from them);

the mate flight plan put on the scheme or the map (in case of accomplishment of route flight);

engineering and mate calculation of flight (according to legal acts of the Republic of Belarus on mate flight servicing);

are in workplace of the operator:

aeronautical chart;

necessary documents ANI (statements from them);

mate flight plan of BLA;

engineering and mate calculation of flight of BLA (according to legal acts of the Republic of Belarus on mate flight servicing).

25. The commander of experimental AF directs work of crew, is responsible for discipline and procedure onboard, takes necessary safety precautions of flight of experimental AF.

26. The commander of experimental AF shall:

prepare for flight according to the flying mission;

direct preparation and evaluate readiness of crew members for accomplishment of the flying mission;

train crew for actions in OSP, and also for actions after forced landing (escape) of experimental AF;

study safety requirements according to the planned flying mission and bring them to crew;

observe the preflight mode and try to obtain its accomplishment by crew members;

inspect, check and accept experimental AF before flight in the amount established by RLE;

check equipment of crew of experimental AF;

control placement onboard experimental AF of passengers, distribution and fixture (mooring) of the equipment and loads;

organize instructing of passengers about rules of conduct onboard experimental AF and bring to them procedure for use of necessary life preservers and the equipment;

take necessary safety precautions being onboard people, safety of experimental AF and being onboard property;

make the decision on departure;

direct in flight work of crew of experimental AF;

observe safety requirements in flight taking into account training level of crew of experimental AF, features of the flying mission, meteorological conditions and ornithological situation in the area and on flight track, to demand their observance from crew;

execute commands of body of RUP, the commander (leader) of group under control of whom there is experimental AF;

follow statutory rules of conducting radio exchange and control their observance by crew of experimental AF;

carry out flight according to the flying mission;

conduct orientation in flight;

control the actual remaining balance of fuel onboard experimental AF, its expense and flight time;

analyze hydrometeorological data, ornithological and air picture before flight and in flight, report on OGYa on body of RUP under control of which it is;

make decisions on continuation (termination) of flight in case of situation complication in air;

not allow near collision with other AF and land obstacles;

report on body of RUP under control of which there is experimental AF, about equipment failures and systems, change or the termination of accomplishment of the flying mission, near collision with other AF, and also (whenever possible) about decision making on forced landing or forced escape of experimental AF;

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