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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of January 12, 2016 No. 442-V ZRK

About use of atomic energy

(as amended on 25-02-2021)

This Law determines the legal basis and the principles of regulation of the public relations in the field of use of atomic energy for the purpose of protection of life and human health, their property, environmental protection and is aimed at providing non-proliferation regime of nuclear weapon, nuclear, radiation and nuclear physical safety when using atomic energy.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) withdrawal level - values of the physical quantities determining the characteristics of nuclear materials, radioactive materials and electrophysical installations established by authorized body;

1-1) special drawing rights - the unit of account determined by the International Monetary Fund and used by it for transactions and transactions;

2) atomic energy - the energy which is released in nuclear reactions and in case of radioactive decay and also energy of the generated ionizing radiation;

3) subjects to use of atomic energy - sources of ionizing radiation, radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, nuclear, radiation, electrophysical installations, Items of storage and burial, transport packaging sets and nuclear materials;

4) operation of subjects to use of atomic energy - the administrative, economic and technical activity performed by physical person or legal entity in the field of use of atomic energy;

5) the address with subjects to use of atomic energy - set of the manual and (or) automated transactions, actions with subjects to use of atomic energy in case of their construction, reconstruction, production, obtaining, transfer, delivery, ownership, use, operation, commissioning and conclusion from operation, conversion, installation, repair, maintenance, charging, reloading, dismantle, utilization, preservation, transportation, import, export, deactivation, post-utilization, storage, burial;

6) lifecycle of subject to use of atomic energy - placement, design, production, construction or construction, commissioning, operation, reconstruction, capital repairs, conclusion from operation, transportation, the address, storage, burial and utilization of subjects to use of atomic energy;

7) the state control and supervision in the field of use of atomic energy - the activities of authorized body in the field of use of atomic energy within its competence aimed at ensuring compliance with requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan by physical persons and legal entities in the field of use of atomic energy;

8) authorized body in the field of use of atomic energy (further - authorized body) - the central executive body performing management in the field of use of atomic energy;

9) sources of ionizing radiation - the radioactive materials, devices or devices containing radioactive materials, and also the electrophysical devices or devices which are letting out or capable to emit ionizing radiation;

10) the register of sources of ionizing radiation - the database of sources of ionizing radiation representing constantly updated code of data on their availability, movement and the location in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan including data on movement in case of their export and import;

11) post-utilization - complex of works on dismantle and demolition of capital structures (buildings, constructions, complexes) after the termination of their operation (use, application) with simultaneous recovery and recycling of the regenerated elements (designs, materials, the equipment), and also conversion of the elements and waste which are not subject to regeneration;

12) burial - placement of spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste in burial Item without intention of their withdrawal;

13) burial Item - the nuclear or radiation installation intended for burial of spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste;

14) closing of Item of burial - completion of all transactions after burial with reduction of Item of burial in safe condition;

15) input of installation in operation - documentary drawn up activities for reduction in the working condition of components and systems of nuclear or radiation, or electrophysical installation after the termination of its construction and carrying out necessary testing;

16) installation conclusion from operation - documentary drawn up activities for the termination of operation of nuclear or radiation, or electrophysical installation and its exception from under the state control with providing end state of installation and the platform of its placement conforming to requirements for safety;

17) the operating organization - the legal entity performing activities for the address with subjects to use of atomic energy;

18) spent nuclear fuel - the nuclear fuel irradiated in the nuclear reactor and finally removed from it;

19) personnel - physical persons, constantly or temporarily working with sources of ionizing radiation or being under the terms of work in the field of their impact;

20) radiation risk - probability of damnification of life or to health of the person, property of physical persons and legal entities, the environment as a result of radiation taking into account weight of its effects;

21) radiation safety - the condition of properties and characteristics of subject to use of atomic energy provided with complex of the actions limiting radiative effects on personnel, the population and the environment according to the regulations established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

22) category of radiation hazard - the characteristic of subject to use of atomic energy on degree of its radiation hazard for the population and (or) the environment in case of the treatment of him or in the conditions of possible accident;

23) radiation installation - the special, not being nuclear installation, including the rooms relating to it, constructions and the equipment on which the treatment of nuclear materials and (or) radioactive materials is performed;

24) radioactive materials - any materials of natural or technogenic origin in any aggregate state containing radionuclides;

25) radioactive waste - radioactive materials, nuclear materials or radio nuclide sources with content of radionuclides is higher than the level withdrawals which further use is not provided;

26) radio nuclide source - the source of ionizing radiation containing radioactive materials, which is specially created for its useful application or being by-product of any type of activity;

27) storage - the temporary placement in Items of storage of nuclear fuel, nuclear materials, radioactive materials, radio nuclide sources, spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste assuming possibility of their extraction for the further treatment of them;

28) storage Item - the nuclear or radiation installation intended for storage of nuclear fuel, nuclear materials, radioactive materials, radio nuclide sources, spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste;

29) transport packaging set - set of the elements necessary for complete placement and deduction of radioactive content in transit;

30) physical protection - single system of organizational and technical measures for prevention of unauthorized access to subject to use of atomic energy;

31) electrophysical installation - the special, not being nuclear or radiation installation generating or capable to generate ionizing radiation, including the rooms relating to it, constructions and the equipment;

32) nuclear safety - condition of properties and characteristics of subject to use of atomic energy in case of which with certain probability the impossibility of nuclear accident is provided;

33) nuclear installation - the installation including rooms, constructions and the equipment on which it is performed one or several of the listed types of activity: production, conversion, use, transportation, storage, burial of nuclear material, except for installations for production and (or) conversion of natural uranium or thorium;

33-1) single operator of nuclear installations - the operator of nuclear installation owning directly and (or) indirectly more than fifty percent of voting shares (shares in the authorized capital) other operators of the nuclear installations which are in limits of one platform of their placement;

33-2) operator of nuclear installation - the legal entity of the Republic of Kazakhstan operating one or several nuclear installations;

34) nuclear materials - the materials containing or capable to reproduce the sharing (split) radionuclides;

34-1) nuclear damage - the damage including the harm of the life or to health of the person surrounding Wednesday to food, and also losses of physical persons and legal entities, caused owing to impact of ionizing radiation as a result of the address with nuclear installation or the nuclear material arriving from nuclear installation, made in it or directed to nuclear installation and also costs for preventive measures;

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