of February 28, 2004 No. 6
About civil defense
This Law determines tasks, the legal basis of the organization and conducting civil defense in the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan, competence of public authorities, organizations, irrespective of form of business, officials and citizens, and also forces and means of civil defense in the field of civil defense.
Civil defense - system of the nation-wide defense and protective measures directed to protection of the population, economy and the territory of the country before and in case of fighting.
The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of civil defense is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by the Republic of Tajikistan.
The main objectives of civil defense of the Republic of Tajikistan are:
- beforehand, in peace time, planning and holding actions of civil defense for preparation of the population and the territory of Tajikistan to protection in case of fighting and increase in stability of functioning of industries of economy in wartime;
- creation and maintenance in permanent readiness for accomplishment of tasks in wartime of governing bodies, forces and means of civil defense, management system, communication and the notification;
- forming, preparation and maintenance in permanent readiness of bodies and mobile divisions of troops of civil defense, rescue divisions and not paramilitary forces of civil defense for accomplishment of tasks on protection of the population, economy and the territory of Tajikistan in wartime;
- creation of mobilization reserves of special property of civil defense;
- creation of necessary fund of protective constructions (shelters) of civil defense;
- creation of inventory of food and medicines;
- the organization of training of the leading and command commanding structure, governing bodies and civil defense forces on accomplishment of the assigned tasks on wartime;
- organization of training of the population for civil defense;
- implementation of the state supervision of observance of technical requirements of civil defense when designing construction of facilities, residential, office and other buildings and their delivery in operation;
- organization of network of observation and laboratory control of civil defense;
- the timely notification of the population about threat of emergence of fighting, air, radiation, chemical, biological (bacteriological) and other dangers;
- carrying out dispersion and evacuation of the population to safe areas from the cities carried to groups on civil defense, other settlements with objects of special importance and also from zones of catastrophic flooding and border areas;
- the organization of the shelter of the population in protective constructions and providing them with individual protection equipment and medical means;
- holding actions for blackout of settlements and objects of economy;
- carrying out rescue and other urgent operations;
- first-priority providing the population which was injured owing to fighting including medical attendance, including first aid, provision of housing and acceptance of other necessary measures;
- fire-fighting, arising when maintaining and owing to fighting;
- detection and designation of the areas which are exposed to radioactive, chemical, biological and other infection;
- disinfecting of the population, equipment, buildings, territories and holding other necessary actions;
- recovery and maintenance of procedure in the areas which were injured owing to fighting;
- ensuring functioning of services of civil defense in wartime;
- burial of corpses in wartime;
- development and implementation of the measures directed to preserving the objects necessary for steady functioning of economy and survival of the population in wartime;
- ensuring permanent readiness of forces and means of civil defense.
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