of May 6, 1993 No. 837-XII
About water and water use
The purpose of this Law is regulation of the water relations.
The main objectives of this Law are ensuring rational use of waters for needs of the population and industries of economy, protection of waters from pollution, contaminations and depletions, the prevention and liquidation of harmful effects of waters, improvement of condition of water objects, and also protection of the rights and legitimate interests of the companies, organizations, organizations, farmer, Dehkan farms and citizens in the field of the water relations.
The water relations in the Republic of Uzbekistan are governed by this Law and other acts of the water legislation issued according to it.
The water relations in the Republic of Karakalpakstan are governed as well by the legislation of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
underground waters - the waters which are lower than the level of the land surface in thicknesses of rocks of crust;
surface water - the waters located on the surface of crust;
meliorative objects - the water management objects promoting collection of collector and drainage and surface exhaust waters and their transportation out of the limits of the irrigated lands including collectors and collector and drainage network, wells of vertical drainage, meliorative pumping points (aggregates) and the supervisory network:
waters - set of everything, concentrated in water objects;
water consumption - use of water resources by legal entities and physical persons with their withdrawal from water object in accordance with the established procedure for satisfaction of own needs;
association of water consumers - the non-state non-profit organization created by water consumers - legal entities on voluntary basis for coordination of their activities in the field of the water relations, and also representation and protection of their common interests;
the water consumer - the legal entity or physical person receiving in accordance with the established procedure water resources with their withdrawal from water or water management object for satisfaction of own needs;
water object - natural (streams, Sai, the rivers, etc.) and artificial (open and closed channels, and also collector and drainage networks) waterways, natural (lakes, the seas, the underground water-bearing horizons) and artificial (water storage basins, selekhranilishch, ponds, etc.) reservoirs, and also springs and other objects in which constantly or temporarily sosredo-waters tochivatsya and the characteristic forms and signs of the water mode are had;
protection of water objects - system of the actions directed to preserving and recovery of water objects;
the water mode - change in time of levels, speeds, expenses and amounts of water in water objects and soils;
water resources - the waters of water objects available or subjects to use;
water economy - the economy industry covering studying, accounting, management, use, protection of water resources and water objects, and also fight against harmful effects of waters;
water management object - water object on which water management activities for the purpose of accumulating, managements, transportations, uses, consumption, branch and protection of water resources are performed;
the operational organizations of water economy - the water management operational organizations using water management objects (departments of irrigation of areas, management of irrigational systems, managements of the main channels (systems), managements of pumping points and power, meliorative expeditions, managements of operation of water storage basins and large hydraulic engineering constructions, the Ministry of water economy of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, basin managements of irrigational systems under the Ministry of water economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan);
water use - use of water resources by legal entities and physical persons without their withdrawal from water object for own needs;
the water user - the legal entity or physical person using water resources without their withdrawal from water object for own needs;
harmful effects of waters - washout, destruction, instruction, bogging, salinization and other negative phenomena of separate natural and economic objects and the territories as a result of floods, floodings, floodings and other impacts of waters;
delivery charge of water and other water management services - implementation of payments on contractual basis for the rendered water delivery services provided by the water supplying organizations (the water management operational organizations, associations of water consumers and others), and other water management services (repair of water management objects, implementation of water saving technologies of irrigation, assistance in use of monitors and accounting of water);
cross-border water objects - the water objects crossing borders of two and more states or located on such borders;
cross-border waters - any surface or underground water crossing borders of two and more states or located on such borders.
Waters are state-owned property - national richness of the Republic of Uzbekistan, are subject to rational use and are protected by the state.
The single state water fund includes:
streams, Sai, rivers, water storage basins, lakes, seas, waters of channels, collector and drainage networks, springs, ponds and other surface water;
underground waters, snow inventories and glaciers.
The right to use of waters from cross-border water objects (the Amu Darya Rivers, the Syr Darya, Zarafshan, the Aral Sea and other cross-border water objects) is established by international treaties of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Are under authority Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of regulation of the water relations:
adoption of legal acts for water and water use, introduction of changes in them and amendments;
determination of the main directions of state policy in the field of use and protection of water resources and adoption of strategic state water management programs;
the solution of other questions relating to maintaining Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Are under authority the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of regulation of the water relations:
carrying out single state policy in the field of complex and rational use, management and protection of water resources;
coordination of activities of the ministries, state committees, departments, other legal entities in the field of complex and rational use, management and protection of water resources, and also preventions and liquidations of harmful effects of waters;
establishment of procedure for education and use of water fund, approval procedure of standard rates of water use, water consumption and limits of water intake from water object (further - water intake limits);
ensuring conducting the state accounting of waters and control of use and their protection, maintaining the state water inventory and water monitoring;
development of measures for prevention and liquidation of major accidents, disasters, ecological crises and harmful effects of waters;
establishment of procedure for payment for use of water resources, compensations for pollution and depletion of water objects;
development of the interstate relations in the field of water economy;
implementation of measures, aimed at the development of water economy, rational use of water, effective use of water, mitigation of negative effects of deficit of water, approval of other programs for water and water use;
approval of procedure for the state support of implementation of water saving technologies;
implementation of other measures, stipulated by the legislation.
Are under authority public authorities on places in the field of regulation of the water relations:
determination of the main directions of use and protection of water resources in the territory;
law enforcement and law and order in the field of regulation of use and protection of water resources;
accounting and assessment of condition of water objects, control of use and protection of waters, observance of the set water intake limits, conducting use of waters by water users of accounting;
assistance in forming and approval of address lists of implementation of water saving technologies of irrigation, and also in their realization;
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