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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan 

 On July 12, 2012 No. 484

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of June 30, 2012 No. 334

About approval of the National strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020

(as amended of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of 10.02.2016 No. 66)

According to Article 6 (the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the state forecasts, concepts, strategy and the program of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides 1):

1. Approve the National strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020 it (is applied).

2. To the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tajikistan, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Republic of Tajikistan, the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan in case of creation of forecasts of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government budget the next years, proceeding from real opportunities and the amount attracted investments to provide necessary means and measures for realization of the specified National strategy.

3. To the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tajikistan to the relevant ministries and departments, executive bodies of the government of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Sughd and Khatlon areas, the city of Dushanbe, cities and areas of republican subordination to take under control the course of implementation of the National strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020, to take specific measures for its timely accomplishment and to annually provide information on the done work to the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan

Emomalii Rahmon

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of June 30, 2012 No. 334

The national strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020

Introduction

Education in the modern world becomes the most important resource of economic and social development of the countries, growth in prosperity and individual development of citizens.

The president of the Republic of Tajikistan, paying special attention to educational development and program implementation of reform of education, notes that "... in this process it must be kept in mind one truth: in the modern world that country which pays much attention to increase in the education level in society and implements the new equipment and modern technology in life will make great progress..." (1).

The national strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan (further National strategy) is prepared according to the tasks set by the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of education and also is developed according to main objectives and tasks of the National strategy of development for the Republic of Tajikistan till 2015. In the National strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020 the main priorities of the Millennium development goals, the purposes and tasks "Educations for all" and other significant strategic documents of the Republic of Tajikistan are considered. This document shall promote the solution of the existing problems, provide coordination of the actions of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan interested the ministries, departments and civil society on the priority directions of development of education and implementation of the long-term purposes of reforming of education system. This document is also basis for more rational allocation of the state resources and for attraction of financial resources of donors in the solution of the existing problems facing education system. National strategy is directed to updating of education system it could fully carry out mission of key resource of welfare of society and citizens, and also effectively to answer challenges of economy of developing country and processes of globalization. The national strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2020 is developed taking into account positive international experience and its adaptation to real conditions and perspectives of development of the country.

1. Education - the priority direction of state policy of the Republic of Tajikistan

§ 1. Main aspects of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan

The government of the Republic of Tajikistan pays special attention to the problem resolution, connected with economic welfare and social wellbeing of the people of Tajikistan. The Republic of Tajikistan according to the Constitution, is announced by the social state and undertook to provide to each person of condition for worthy life and free development. Therefore one of the priority directions of domestic policy of the state of Tajikistan is the gradual solution of social problems of the country.

When it is about ensuring social protection of people, development of education and health cares, expansion of network of information technologies, promotion of healthy lifestyle, training of youth and education of the specialists corresponding to requirements of time, for them, before everything, it is very important to prepare favorable conditions (2).

Without development of national economy, the solution of social tasks is impossible. Recently in Tajikistan development in the field of power and communications goes the increased rates: recovery work on Rogunsky hydroelectric power station (hydroelectric power station), construction of Sangtudinsky hydroelectric power station, small hydroelectric power stations in the most remote and hard to reach areas is carried out, transnational highways are recovered and pledged, free economic zones are created. Special attention is paid to creating favorable conditions for development of small and medium business in Tajikistan: the new companies are recovered and created, thereby, providing the population with new workplaces and many other significant in economic development of the country.

In the President's letter of the Republic of Tajikistan (3) it is specified that main objective of economic policy of the state of Tajikistan is ensuring sustainable development of economy, and all plans, are generally constituted within three strategic objectives:

- achievement of energy sovereignty;

- country withdrawal from the communication deadlock;

- ensuring food security.

It means priority development of power, the industry, the agrarian sector, infrastructure and other industries that allows to create material bases for the stable high economic growth of the country and reducing, on this basis, the level of poverty of the population. Development of the specified industries at the same time will raise possibility for increase in internal employment, diversification of economy, export, will improve availability and quality of social services to the population.

Economic development of the country is connected with growth of need for qualified personnel for different industries of economy. Therefore development of industry of education is announced by one of the priority directions of social policy of our state. (4)

Education plays crucial role in reproduction of skilled labor force and forming of capacity of stable society.

Providing science, production, governing bodies of highly qualified personnel is one of the main tasks of education system as the intellectual potential becomes the determining factor of development of society.

§ 2. Education as key resource of national development

The international experience, first of all experience of developing countries, shows that key resource of the accelerated social and economic development of the country is education of the nation. Investments into economy with the low education level of the population or with the education which is not meeting the modern requirements can promote only creation of low effective technologically backward productions, the increasing lagging of the country from world tendencies of development of the economies based on knowledge.

In modern conditions of development of the economy based on knowledge, education becomes one of factors of economic success of the state. Development of society, safety of society and state, quality of life of people, world-class achievement of economy, development of new technological capabilities and social progress in general, directly depend on the education level, the organization of systematic and high-quality training process and education of pupils and students, the word - on the level of literacy of the nation.

Thus, the role and responsibility of education for global social and economic development, democratic reorganization, forming of fair public systems and national success of the state increases.

The important role of education in social and economic development of modern Tajikistan, predetermines understanding that the future of the country depends on that, how effectively national education system will be capable to create intellectual potential as basis for development of capabilities of most of citizens and for ensuring their wellbeing. The national strategy of development of formation of the Republic of Tajikistan till 2012 determines education role as key resource social and economic developments of the Republic of Tajikistan and its citizens, characterizes current status of education system, problem and challenges, and also formulates the purposes and tasks of development of education.

2. The analysis of situation in education system

§ 1. Characteristic of education system

The education system of the Republic of Tajikistan is characterized by considerable scales of scope of the population, the developed network and the variety of educational institutions which are actively taking place in recent years upgrade processes.

The Republic of Tajikistan for years of independence, keeping rich traditions, achieved certain success in the field of education by carrying out different reforms, including the following was made:

- the regulatory framework of national education system of the Republic of Tajikistan is developed and accepted;

- the legislation is created again;

- new state educational standards of preschool, general average, initial are developed and accepted, average and higher education, the two-level system of higher education (the bachelor and the master is entered, when preserving in some cases the specialist), new curricula and programs at all education levels are developed and implemented in practice;

- Concepts of use of information technologies in process of management of education system and educational activities are developed and accepted;

- practice of licensing of educational activities, and also the state certification and accreditation of educational institutions is entered; bases of national monitoring system of quality of education are created;

- capital repairs are made and new schools are under construction;

- the network of non-state educational institutions gained development;

- textbooks of new generation are developed and published.

From 2000 to 2010 several laws and regulatory legal acts which determined state policy in the field of education were adopted. Generally they are directed to updating of education system, achievement of equal access to education, the solution of gender problems, education improvement of quality, liquidation of poverty by means of increase in level of education of the population.

The important role in enhancement of education system was played accepted the new Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About education", the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the higher and postgraduate professional education", "The national Concept of education in the Republic of Tajikistan", "The national concept of inclusive education for children with limited opportunities in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2011 - 2015", the Plan of realization of reform of education system for 2004 - 2009, the Concept of transition to new system of general secondary education in the Republic of Tajikistan. "The state program of development of education of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010 - 2015", "The state program of construction, repair, reconstruction of schools for 2008 - 2015, which are in private houses, cars, office buildings", "The state program of providing organizations of science and education with educational offices, research base", "The state program on development and the edition of textbooks for 2007 - 2010", "The state program of development of professional education of 2008 - 2015", "The state program of computerization of educational institutions of general secondary education of RT for 2011 - 2015", "The state program of studying and training in the Russian and English languages in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2001 - 2014", etc.

As the result of accomplishment of programs providing with computers classes of comprehensive school makes at 7-11 22 pupils on one computer. Only for 2010 195 schools of the republic were connected to the Internet.

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