of April 4, 2002 No. 350-II
About results of referendum and the basic principles of the organization of the government
This Law determines the basic new provisions and changes of the current legislation which are proceeding from results of the national vote on January 27, 2002 taken according to the Law "About Referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan" and which made decisions on two matters of principle - about formation of two-chamber parliament and change of the constitutional term of office of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and also confirmed rate on further deepening of democratic and market reforms.
This Law is the basis for introduction of corresponding changes and amendments in articles of the Constitution, and also the current legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan which proclaimed target task construction of the constitutional, open democratic state with market economy and forming of civil society and also proceeding from the will of the people expressed on referendum, the basic principles which are been the basis for work on enhancement of the legislation are:
ensuring rule of law, balance between legislative, executive, judicial branches of the power, real independence of each of them;
providing guarantees of human rights and freedoms on the basis of the conventional principles and rules of international law;
consecutive liberalization of all parties of political life, state and public construction;
providing guarantees and conditions for further strengthening and development of non-state non-profit, public organizations and other democratic institutes of civil society;
every possible strengthening of self-government institutions of citizens and gradual transfer of separate powers from the central public authorities to governing bodies on places, forming and strengthening of the mechanism of public control over activities of executive bodies, including law enforcement agencies.
Election of the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in Legislative house of Oliy Majlis and the Jokargi Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, is held to representative bodies of the government of areas, areas, cities respectively in year of the expiration of the constitutional term of their powers - on the first Sunday of the third decade of December.
Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, being the supreme state representative body of the Republic of Uzbekistan performing legislature consists of two chambers - Legislative house (lower house) of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Senate (high chamber) of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (further - respectively Legislative house and the Senate).
The legislative house consists of hundred fifty deputies elected on the basis of general equal and direct suffrage in case of secret vote by territorial single-candidate constituencies on multi-party basis.
The citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan who reached by the election day of twenty five years and constantly living in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan at least five years can be the deputy of Legislative house.
Term of office of Legislative house - five years.
The senate is chamber of territorial representation and consists of members of the Senate (senators).
Members of the Senate are elected in equal quantity - on six people from the Republic of Karakalpakstan, areas and the city of Tashkent. Elections to the Senate are held by secret vote on the corresponding joint sittings of deputies of the Jokargi Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, representative bodies of the government of areas, areas and cities from among these deputies no later than monthly term after their election.
Sixteen members of the Senate are appointed the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan from among the most authoritative citizens with wide practical experience and special merits in the field of science, art, literature, production and other spheres of the state and public work.
The citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan who reached by the election day of twenty five years and constantly living in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan at least five years can be the member of the Senate.
Term of office of the Senate - five years.
Work of Legislative house is based on professional, permanent activity of all deputies of chamber. For the powers deputies of Legislative house cannot be engaged in other types of paid activities, except scientific, pedagogical and creative.
Work of the Senate is based on activities of senators who are periodically convoked on plenary meetings and on committee meetings (commissions) of the Senate.
The same person cannot be at the same time the deputy of Legislative house and the member of the Senate.
Powers and procedure for activities of chambers of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and also the status of deputies of Legislative house and members of the Senate are determined by legal acts.
The constitutional term of office of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan elected on the basis of general equal and direct suffrage in case of secret vote, constitutes five years.
The law acquires legal force in case it is accepted by Legislative house, is approved by the Senate, signed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and published in official publications in the procedure established by the law.
The bill is introduced in Legislative house. The legislative house considers the bill, as a rule, in several readings.
The law adopted by Legislative house goes to the Senate. The senate considers the law and makes the decision on its approval or variation.
The law rejected by the Senate returns to Legislative house. If the Legislative house the majority in two thirds of voices of total number of deputies approves the law again, it is deemed accepted by Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The legislative house and the Senate can form conciliation commission for overcoming the arisen disagreements. In case of achievement of consent in the commission the law is subject to de novo review by Legislative house. In this case the law is adopted regularly and goes to the Senate for approval.
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