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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of April 13, 2005 No. 39-III ZRK

About social protection of persons with disability in the Republic of Kazakhstan

(as amended on 27-06-2022)

This Law governs the public relations in the field of social protection of persons with disability in the Republic of Kazakhstan and determines legal, economic and organizational conditions of ensuring social protection of persons with disability, creations of equal opportunities by it for activity and integration into society.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) special vehicles - type of technical assistance for active and passive movement of persons with disability;

2) No. 433-V ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 03.12.2015;

2-1) individual assistant - person rendering social services in escort of person with disability of the first group having difficulty in movement and to assistance in case of visit of objects;

3) professional orientation - system of the measures sent on assistance to the person with disability in the choice of types of labor activity;

4) reconstructive surgery - the surgical method of treatment directed to recovery or compensation of the broken functions of organism;

5) medico-social examination - assessment of the restrictions of activity of osvidetelstvuyemy person caused by permanent disorder of functions of organism with establishment (not establishment) of disability and (or) extent of disability, and also determination of his needs for measures of social protection;

5-1) medico-social organization (organization) - the organization intended for permanent or temporary residence in the conditions of hospital, semi-hospital or day stay aged, persons with disability, the children with disability needing the help and leaving, servicing;

6) medical rehabilitation - complex of the medical services directed to preserving, partial or complete recovery of the broken and (or) lost functions of organism;

7) person with disability - person having the violation of health with permanent disorder of functions of organism caused by diseases, mutilations (wounds, injuries, contusions), their consequences, defects which leads to restriction of activity and need of its social protection;

7-1) abilitation of persons with disability - package of measures, directed to forming and development of the capabilities to household, public and professional activity which were absent at persons with disability;

8) the child with disability - person aged up to eighteen years having the violation of health with permanent disorder of functions of organism caused by diseases, mutilations (wounds, injuries, contusions), their consequences, defects which leads to restriction of activity and need of its social protection;

9) social resettlement of persons with disability - package of measures, the conditions for overcoming by persons directed to creation about disability of restrictions of activity, recovery of the social status, their social and environmental adaptation;

10) No. 129-VII ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 27.06.2022

11) special workplaces for employment of persons with disability - the workplaces equipped taking into account individual opportunities of person with disability;

12) employment rehabilitation of persons with disability - package of measures, the broken or lost professional skills directed to obtaining or recovery, knowledge and abilities of persons with disability, their adaptation and employment;

13) the subitem 13) of Article 1 is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 03.07.2013 No. 124-V ZRK

14) social and environmental adaptation of persons with disability - process of possible achievement of self-service, independent accommodation or return of persons with disability in habitual conditions of family and public life;

14-1) specialized organizations of persons with disability - public associations of persons with disability, and also the organizations, hundred percent of shares in which belong to public associations of persons with disability, on condition of compliance of such associations and the organizations to the following conditions:

the annual average number of persons with disability constitutes at least 51 percent from total number of workers;

expenses on compensation of persons with disability in year constitute at least 35 percent from total expenses on compensation;

15) disability - extent of restriction of activity of the person owing to violation of health with permanent disorder of functions of organism;

16) the individual program of abilitation and rehabilitation of person with disability - the document determining specific amounts, types and terms of carrying out rehabilitation of person with disability;

17) obligatory hygienic means - the means intended for departure of natural physiological needs and requirements;

17-1) rehabilitation - package of measures, the capabilities of person directed to complete or partial recovery with disability to household, public, professional and other work;

18) the prosthetic and orthopedic help - specialized type of medico-technical assistance on providing persons with disability prosthetic and orthopedic means and training in use of them;

19) prosthetic and orthopedic means - the means replacement the absent extremities or other parts of body compensating broken or the lost functions of organism owing to disease or damage of health;

19-1) sign language translation - the translation by means of the tactile alphabet and (or) sign language from any language;

20) surdotekhnichesky means - the technical means for correction and compensation of hearing disorder including strengthening sound of the means of communication and information transfer;

21) technical supportive (compensatory) means - prosthetic and orthopedic, surdotekhnichesky, tiflotekhnichesky means and obligatory hygienic means;

22) tiflotekhnichesky means - the funds allocated for correction and compensation of the lost opportunities of persons with disability as a result of sight violation;

23) activity restriction - complete or partial loss by person of capability or opportunity to perform self-service, to independently move, be guided, communicate, to control the behavior, to study and be engaged in labor activity;

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