of December 26, 1996 No. 337-I
About political parties
Political party is the voluntary consolidation of citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan formed on the basis of community of views, interests and the purposes, aiming at implementation of political will of certain part of society in forming of public authorities and which is taking part through the representatives in management of the public and public affairs.
Political parties perform the activities according to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, this Law, other acts of the legislation, and also on the basis of the charters.
Political parties are created and are effective for the purpose of realization of the rights and freedoms of citizens on the basis of free declaration of will, voluntariness of the introduction and desertion of the party, equality of the members, self-government, legality and publicity.
Creation and activities of political parties is forbidden:
intended for violent change of the constitutional system;
opposing sovereignty, integrity and safety of the Republic of Uzbekistan, constitutional rights and freedoms of her citizens;
propagandizing war, social, race, racial and religious strife;
encroaching on health and morality of the people;
on national and religious signs.
The citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the same time can be the member only of one political party.
Any restrictions of the rights of the citizen, and provision is equal to him privileges or benefits on signs of party accessory are prohibited.
The president of the Republic of Uzbekistan, being guarantor of observance of the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the republic, shall suspend or stop the membership or participation in political party on completion date of presidential powers.
Cannot be members of political parties:
prosecutors and investigators of prosecutor's office;
citizens of foreign states and stateless persons.
Political parties have the fixed individual membership.
The state guarantees protection of the rights and legitimate interests of political parties, creates it equal legal opportunities of accomplishment of the authorized purposes and tasks by them.
State governing bodies, the companies, organizations, the organizations and their officials are forbidden to interfere with internal affairs of political parties or to interfere in this or that form of their activities if it is performed according to the law and their charters.
Intervention of political parties in activities of state bodies and officials is not allowed.
Actions of the organizations of political parties are performed generally in time off of their members and at the expense of means of these batches. Private employers are forbidden to demand from the workers to be engaged in political activities on behalf of batch during execution of labor obligations by them.
The legislation on work, social security and social insurance extends to workers of the office of political parties.
Creation of political party requires availability at least twenty thousand signatures of the citizens living in at least eight territorial subjects (areas) including the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the city of Tashkent, and intended to unite in batch.
Initiators of creation of political party in number of at least fifty people shall create organizing committee for preparation of constituent documents of batch, forming of its member structure and convocation of constituent congress or conference.
The organizing committee shall not later than in seven-day time from the date of the education in writing to inform the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the initiative, structure, the head (leader), the location of committee and date of convocation of constituent congress or conference.
The organizing committee has the right to be effective no more than three months from the date of its creation.
The political party is formed at constituent congress or conference.
The constituent congress or conference adopts the charter and the party program, forms its elected bodies.
The charter of political party shall provide:
name, purposes and tasks of batch;
structure of batch;
conditions and procedure for admission to membership of batch and exit from it;
rights and obligations of party members;
competence and procedure for education (convocation) for governing bodies of batch and its organizations, terms of their powers;
procedure of control of activities of governing bodies of batch;
sources of forming of means and acquisition of other property of batch and its organizations;
location of governing body of batch;
procedure for adoption of the charter and party program, introduction of changes in them and amendments;
procedure for reorganization or termination of activity of the party.
Other provisions relating to activity of the party also can be provided in the charter.
Registration of political parties is performed by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
For registration of political party in a month from the date of adoption of the charter move:
the application signed by at least than three members of governing body of batch;
protocol of constituent congress or conference;
the materials confirming fulfillment of requirements of this Law, including the list of twenty thousand citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who expressed desire to unite in this batch, with their signatures, the information about members of elected bodies (surname, name, middle name, year of birth, the residence and works, phone number), the decision of the supreme body of batch on giving of powers to members of governing body with investment with their right to represent batch in the course of registration or in case of disputes in court.
The application for registration of political party is considered from the date of its receipt in a month. By results of consideration the decision on registration of political party or refusal in registration is made. The decision is issued or goes by mail to governing body of political party not later than to three-day time from the date of its acceptance.
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