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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of April 22, 2004 No. 119-XV

About the means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil

(as amended on 09-06-2022)

This law is harmonized with Articles 1 and 3 of the Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2009/128/EC of October 21, 2009 about establishment of the legal basis for activities for the purpose of steady use of pesticides and Articles 3 and 59 of Regulations (EU) of the European Parliament and Council No. 1107/2009 of October 21, 2009 about placement in the market of phytosanitary products and cancellation of Directives of Council 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EES, published in the Official magazine of the European Union by L 309 of November 24, 2009.

The Parliament adopts this organic law.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Law purpose

This law establishes the legal basis and determines state policy in the field of the activities connected using the means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil; regulates conditions of the state testing and approbation, production, import, transportation, storage, realization and safe for the person, animals, for the environment of application of such means, the relations resulting from implementation of the state supervision and control of observance of the current legislation about the specified means; determines the rights and obligations of the companies, organizations, organizations and citizens, and also powers of competent authorities in this sphere, the actions which are violations and responsibility for their making.

Article 2. The fundamental principles of state policy in the field of the activities connected using the means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil

The fundamental principles of state policy in the field of the activities connected using the means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil are:

a) priority of health protection of the person, the environment before cost efficiency of application of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil;

b) state supervision of approbation of such means, their production, import, transportation, storage, realization and application;

c) scientific and practical reasons for application by land users, irrespective of the type of property, means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil;

d) optimization of procedure for application of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil due to wider use of biological and other ecologically safe methods of protection of plants;

e) safety of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil for the person, animals, for the environment in production process, testing and application of such means on condition of observance of the requirements established by national standards, phytosanitary regulations and other regulations;

f) carrying out single state policy in this sphere.

Article 3. Basic concepts

In this law the following concepts are used:

active ingredients – chemical elements and their connections in natural state or received in production process, including any impurity received directly in production process and also the microorganisms making general or specific impact on harmful organisms, on plants or their parts or on products of plant origin;

phytosanitary monitoring - supervision and forecasting of development of populations by means of determination of level of distribution and injuriousness of harmful organisms, intensity and the frequency of their development;

technical means for the application of means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil - the special machines, mechanisms, devices intended for carrying out processings by means of phytosanitary appointment and entering into the soil of the means increasing its fertility;

regulations of application - set of the requirements regulating application of means of phytosanitary appointment and means, increasing fertility of the soil;

registration of warehouse for the storage of means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil - the documentary certificate of availability of proper conditions for work using the means of phytosanitary appointment and means increasing fertility of the soil;

the agrochemical passport of the field (site) - the authenticated document containing the agrochemical characteristic of the soil and data on degree of its impurity toxic substances;

protection of plants - package of measures for the prevention and decrease in the plants caused by diseases, wreckers and weeds of yield losses of crops, forest plantings and products which are stored;

competent authorities - the state bodies of the executive authority given authority on the organization and implementation of supervision and control in the field of production, realization and application of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil;

special raw zones - zones or agrofarms in which there are conditions allowing to make products of crop production and livestock production suitable for production of products of baby and dietary food;

the producer - the public or private association having the corresponding permission or the organization which is engaged in production of active ingredients in the form of preparative forms, their packaging or packing for the purpose of delivery and realization for application in rural and forest farms;

the consumer - the physical person or legal entity owning the means of phytosanitary appointment and/or means increasing fertility of the soil for their application for the purpose of for which these means were approved;

application of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil - use of such means for fight against harmful organisms (causative agents of diseases, wreckers of plants, weeds);

neutralization - the engineering procedure or actions performed for the purpose of giving to chemicals (means of phytosanitary appointment) of safe nature (elimination of risk of their impact) for the person, animals for the environment;

packaging - packaging of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil, the producer (or with the consent of the producer, the National agency on safety of foodstuff together with the Ministry of Health) in protective material for the purpose of protection from adverse meteorological effect, and also simplification of work with them;

packing - repeated packaging of means of phytosanitary appointment and the means increasing fertility of the soil including in smaller quantities, with the consent of the producer, the National agency on safety of foodstuff together with the Ministry of Health;

marking - gluing on container or appendix of labels with the instruction for application of means of phytosanitary appointment or the means increasing fertility of the soil;

deactivation - process of neutralization of toxic substances;

means of phytosanitary appointment – the means consisting or the containing active ingredients, agents of phytoprotective action or synergy agents in type in which they are delivered to the consumer;

the means increasing fertility of the soil - the means applied as stimulators of food of plants and also for improvement or maintenance of agrochemical and biological properties of the soil;

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