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The document ceased to be valid since November 17, 2017 according to Item 2 of the Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan of August 17, 2017 No. 615

ORDER OF THE MINISTER OF NATIONAL ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of March 17, 2015 No. 217

About approval of Health regulations "Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to objects of preschool education and training of children"

According to Item 6 of article 144 of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of September 18, 2009 "About health of the people and health care system", PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve the enclosed Health regulations "Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to objects of preschool education and training of children".

2. To provide to committee on consumer protection of the Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the procedure established by the legislation:

1) state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

2) within ten calendar days after state registration of this order its direction on official publication in periodic printing editions and in information system of law of Ad_let;

3) placement of this order on official Internet resource of the Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

3. To impose control of execution of this order on the supervising vice-minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

4. This order becomes effective after ten calendar days from the date of its first official publication.

Minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

E.Dosayev

It is approved

Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan

"__" ________ 2015

 

____________ A. Sarinzhipov

It is approved

Minister of health and social development of the Republic of Kazakhstan

"__" ________ 2015

 

____________ T. Duysenova

Approved by the Order of the Minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of March 17, 2015 No. 217

Health regulations "Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to objects of preschool education and training of children"

1. General provisions

1. These Health regulations "Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to objects of preschool education and training of children" (further - Health regulations) are developed according to Item 6 of article 144 of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of September 18, 2009 "About health of the people and health care system" (further - the Code), and establish sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to designing, construction, reconstruction, repair, commissioning, water supply, the sewerage, heating, lighting, ventilation, microclimate, content and operation, to conditions of education and training, accommodation, catering services, medical attendance of children, and also to hygienic education (personal hygiene) of personnel on objects of preschool education and training of all types and types irrespective of patterns of ownership and departmental subordination with complete, incomplete (short-term), round-the-clock stay of children.

2. These Health regulations extend to the objects of preschool education and training of children (further jointly referred to as - objects) performing the following activities:

1) preschool education and training - the state and private day nursery gardens, kindergartens, family day nursery gardens, sanatorium day nursery gardens, the complexes "school-kindergarten", the preschool mini-centers (further jointly referred to as - DO);

2) education and the organization of the places of residence of children - children's homes, shelters;

3) catering services of children irrespective of patterns of ownership of objects.

3. Legal entities and physical persons which activities are connected with education and training of children before activities (rendering educational services, including education and training, accommodation, food, medical attendance) receive the sanitary and epidemiologic decision about compliance to their requirements of these Health regulations.

4. Control of accomplishment of these Health regulations is exercised by department of state body in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population.

5. When carrying out the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of objects laboratory and tool researches according to appendix 1 to these Health regulations are conducted.

6. In these Health regulations the following concepts are used:

1) the special preschool organizations - the organizations realizing the special educational training programs developed on the basis of general education training programs of preschool education and training according to the state general education standard of preschool education and training;

2) special clothes - the set of protective clothes of personnel intended for protection of raw materials, auxiliary materials and ready-made product against pollution by mechanical particles, microorganisms and other pollution (suit or dressing gown, kerchief, cap, apron, etc.);

3) TO with short-term stay of children - DO with stay of children no more than 4 hours without catering services and dream;

4) inspection - quality evaluation of food and ready dishes on organoleptic indicators;

5) billet - the room where preparation of food staples and development of semifinished products is made;

6) the food preparation station - the room in which preparation of finished food products from semifinished products is performed;

7) physical training - the field of activity directed to strengthening of health and development of physical capabilities of the person;

8) expiration date - the period before which expiration the food products are considered safe for proper use in case of observance of conditions of processes (stages) of production (production), turnover of food products;

9) semifinished products - the crude food which are previously prepared for thermal treatment;

10) insolation - the normalized indicator of solar radiation for hygienic assessment of the room;

11) climatic zone - the territory allocated on climatic signs (temperature, humidity);

12) day regimen - established procedure of day in DO;

13) public catering - the activities connected with production, conversion, realization and the organization of consumption of food;

14) preschool classes - the classes performing training of children for training at school;

15) preschool mini-centers - DO with the number of places to 50, placed in the separate building, in the apartment apartment house, and also in is built in - the attached rooms;

16) preschool education and training - development of physical, personal, intellectual qualities of children, forming of the key kompetentnost necessary for ensuring their social success and competitiveness throughout all life;

17) the preschool organization (further - DO) - the organization of education providing education, training, development, supervision, leaving and improvement of children aged from one year before achievement of school age;

18) optimum microclimatic conditions - combination of quantitative indices of microclimate which in case of long and systematic impact on children provide preserving normal thermal state of organism without tension of mechanisms of thermal control;

19) storage duration - the period during which foodstuff in case of observance of the established storage conditions keeps all the properties specified in regulating documents;

20) sanitary and domestic installations (further - SDU) - not channeled toilet located in the territory of object, at distance at least 25 meters (further - m) from buildings, having elevated part and cesspool. Elevated rooms construct from densely driven materials (boards, bricks, blocks). Removed it is made of waterproof material. Depth of vygreb depends on the level of ground waters, but no more than 3 m;

21) children's home - the public institution intended for education and delivery of health care to orphan children and children without parental support, children from the young mothers born out of scrap and also to children with defects of intellectual and physical development;

22) septic tank - construction for cleaning of small amounts of household sewage, the representing underground settler of horizontal type consisting of one or several cameras via which waste liquid proceeds;

23) the morning filter - the preventive action directed to the prevention of drift of infectious disease;

24) the commodity neighbourhood - the conditions excluding the joint storage and realization of crude and ready-made products preventing their pollution and penetration of the foreign smells affecting goods quality;

25) perishable foodstuff - the foodstuff requiring special conditions of transportation, storage and realization in strictly regulated terms;

26) processing equipment - set of the mechanisms, machines, devices, devices necessary for production work;

27) fullness of groups - the normalized number of children in group;

28) group isolation - isolation of groups from administrative, household rooms and from each other;

29) group cell - set of placements for children of one group to DO;

30) loading - the place of acceptance of food staples and foodstuff;

31) balanced diet - the balanced food, taking into account physiological and age regulations of food;

32) handicapped national groups - disabled people, with violations and diseases of the musculoskeletal device, the moving on wheelchairs and/or by means of other supportive applications, and also visually impaired and/or deprived of sight citizens moving by means of attendants.

2. Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to the territory of objects

7. Designing, construction, reconstruction and commissioning of objects is performed in the presence of the sanitary and epidemiologic conclusion of department of state body in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population.

8. Land areas of DO are normalized by requirements of Construction regulations and rules of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Preschool objects of education" (further - DOO Construction Norms and Regulations), "Houses and boarding schools for handicapped children".

9. TO with short-term stay of the children placed in apartment apartment houses in private households, in it is built-in - the attached rooms can not have the separate parcel of land.

10. The territory of the site of objects for the purpose of the prevention of penetration of vagrant animals is protected.

11. In the territory do not plant the trees and bushes giving the trimmed seeds when blossoming.

12. Entrances and entrances on the site of object, drives, paths to economic constructions, to platforms for dustbins, to sanitary and domestic installations become covered with the asphalt, concrete or other hard surface available to cleaning.

13. Dustbins are equipped with densely closed covers, at least 25 m from buildings are established on hard-standing space, available to the cleaning and disinfection protected from three parties at distance. For collection of garbage of the objects placed on the first floors of the apartment apartment house in it is built-in - the attached rooms, in coordination with territorial subdivision of department of state body in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population dustbins are established at distance at least 15 m from the building and/or general dustbins are used.

14. The territory of object and the territory behind its barrier in radius of 5 m is kept clean.

15. In the territory of objects zones of placement of the main building(s), economic and group platforms are allocated. Additional zoning of the territory is provided depending on object profile.

16. The territory of economic zone has the hard surface allowing cleaning and disinfection.

17. The external lighting equipment of the building of object shall provide uniform diffused light of the territory.

18. Group platforms of children's home and DO are provided separate for each children's group. Group platforms of children's homes are provided by Ploshchad 7,5 of sq.m at one place in groups of babyhood and 7,2 of sq.m in preschool. The sizes of the DO group platforms are accepted at least 6 sq.m on one place. All platforms isolate from each other green plantings (bushes).

19. On each group platform the shadow canopy from calculation of 1,6 of sq.m. on 1 place is provided in group for protection against the sun and rainfall. The floor of shadow canopies is provided wooden. In the IV climatic zone and III B subdistrict shadow canopies protect from two parties.

20. Group platforms of children's home and DO have convenient communication with exits from the rooms corresponding to group cells in the building. Platforms for children of babyhood in DO are placed in close proximity to exits from rooms of these groups.

21. The equipment on group and sports grounds shall be established according to growth and age of children. The covering of surface of the equipment is provided from waterproof material.

22. The covering of playgrounds for children of babyhood is provided grassy, for preschool age - grassy or stamped soil, strengthened by sandy adding or small stone crumb. The paving slabs and other materials available to cleaning are applied to covering of paths and sidewalks.

3. Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to designing, construction, reconstruction, repair, commissioning of objects

23. TO take place in separate buildings or can be built-in (are built-in-are attached) to apartment apartment houses.

24. On the first floors of apartment houses, and also in it is built-in - the attached rooms DO with short-term stay of children are placed if other is not provided by design assignment. DO in apartment apartment houses are placed not above the first floor.

25. In the building and on the site of children's homes and DO the principle of group isolation from administrative, household rooms and from each other is observed. For children of groups of babyhood are part of group cell reception, game, bedroom, still-room, toilet;

preschool groups - razdevalny, game, toilet, still-room, bedroom. On design assignment in DO combination of bedroom about DOO Construction Norms and Regulations, group according to requirements, is allowed. In the preschool mini-centers the device of general razdevalny is allowed.

26. Specialized medical and dental offices, laundries, pools, educational classes, food objects in case of objects of preschool education and training of children conform to requirements of the current legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the sphere of sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population.

27. Children's homes place in separate 1 - two-storeyed buildings.

28. TO, placed on the first floor of the apartment apartment house, have the separate entrance which is not combined with entrance of the apartment house.

29. The areas of the main premises of children's homes, DO are specified in tables 1, 3 appendices 2 to these Health regulations.

30. The number of children shall not exceed the project capacity of object.

31. Height of barrier of ladders is provided by at least 1,2 of m. In children's homes and DO hand-rail for adults are located at m 0,85 height, for children - m 0,5, in barrier of ladders vertical elements have gleam of no more 0,1 of m, horizontal partitionings are not allowed.

32. In case of building designing of objects the solution of questions of availability to handicapped national groups is performed according to the state regulations in the sphere of architectural and town-planning and construction activities.

33. Rooms which mode of use is followed by noise and can cause trouble to children, stir or break work of pedagogical, medical, administrative personnel (boiler rooms with pumping units, production rooms, repair shops, the cooled cameras with pumping department, air-ventilation chambers, compressor and others), do not place adjacently, over and under bedrooms, medical and diagnostic rooms.

34. Rooms of personal hygiene, bathrooms for personnel have in zone of administration rooms.

35. The medical block with the insulator is placed on the 1st floor of objects.

36. In case of placement on gym objects the square at one engaged is accepted at least 4 sq.m. Floors are provided wooden or have special covering. The surface of floor shall be equal, without cracks and defects. Batteries are located in niches under windows and are closed by wooden lattices, at windows and lighting fixtures protecting devices are provided.

37. In basement and first floors of buildings do not place the room for stay of children and the room of medical appointment.

38. For finishing of rooms use the construction materials having the documents confirming their quality and safety. False ceilings of various designs are applied in recreations, halls, assembly halls, administration rooms.

39. In rooms of medical appointment, rooms of group cells of wall, floor, the equipment have the smooth surface allowing cleaning by damp method using washing and disinfectants. In bathrooms for personnel, toilet, premises of catering department, the pool, inoculative, procedural, in rooms with damp operating mode (shower, laundry, washing, washing, etc.) walls revet with glazed tile or other moisture resistant materials on height of at least 1,8 of m, waterproof materials or floor tile are applied to covering of floors.

40. In installation sites of sinks and other sanitary devices, and also the equipment which operation is connected with possible moistening of walls, provide waterproofing glazed tile or other moisture resistant materials on m 1,8 height from floor and on width at least 20 cm from the equipment and devices from each party.

41. For storage and processing of harvest stock provide certain rooms (places).

42. The device of swimming pools no more than 32 CBM is provided by amount without system of water purification. Change of water is made after the end of bathing of two groups of children (no more than 50 children) with the subsequent processing by the disinfectants allowed for use in accordance with the established procedure according to the instruction.

43. In the territory of objects do not place objects, it is functional with them not connected.

4. Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to the equipment of objects

44. Furniture and the equipment of objects correspond to rosto-age features of children. Set, quantity and the size of the equipment provide taking into account profile of objects, specifics of rooms.

The main sizes of furniture of children's homes and DO are specified in tables 1, 2 appendices 3 to these Health regulations.

45. On objects furniture is marked according to the size.

46. Reception and razdevalny are equipped with cases for outerwear and benches for children and personnel. In children's homes, DO with complete and round-the-clock stay cases for clothes of children individually mark and equip with regiments for headdresses and hooks for outerwear.

47. The equipment, furniture, soft, firm stock, sanitary devices are in working order and are used for designated purpose. Defects in finishing of rooms and breakdowns of the equipment, furniture are subject to timely repair or replacement.

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