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CIVIL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

of December 21, 1995 No. 163-I

(The last edition from 22-10-2019)

Part one

Section I. General provisions

Subsection 1. Basic provisions

Chapter 1. Civil legislation

Article 1. Main beginnings of the civil legislation

The civil legislation is based on recognition of equality of participants of the relations regulated by it, security of property, freedoms of the agreement, inadmissibility of any intervention someone in private affairs, need of free implementation of the civil laws, ensuring recovery of the violated rights, their judicial protection.

Citizens (physical persons) and legal entities acquire and perform the civil laws the will and in the interest. They are free in establishment of the rights and obligations on the basis of the agreement and in determination of any terms of the contract which are not contradicting the legislation.

Goods, services and financial resources freely move in all territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Restrictions of movement of goods and services can be entered according to the legislation if it is necessary for safety, protection of life and human health, conservation and objects of cultural heritage.

Article 2. The relations regulated by the civil legislation

The civil legislation determines legal status of participants of civil circulation, the basis of origin and procedure of the property right and other corporeal rights, the rights to results of intellectual activities, regulates contractual and other commitments, and also other property and related personal non-property relations.

Participants of the relations regulated by the civil legislation are citizens, legal entities and the state.

The rules established by the civil legislation are applied to the relations with participation of foreign citizens, persons without citizenship and foreign legal entities if other is not provided by the law.

The personal non-property relations and the personal relations which are not connected with property are regulated by the civil legislation as other is not provided by legal acts or does not follow from being of these relations.

To family, employment relationships and the relations on use of natural resources and environmental protection answering to the signs specified in part one of this Article, the civil legislation is applied when these relations are not governed by special legal acts.

To the property relations based on administrative subordination of one party another including to tax, financial and other administrative relations, the civil legislation is not applied, except as specified, stipulated by the legislation.

Article 3. Acts of the civil legislation

The civil legislation consists of of this Code, other laws and other acts of the legislation governing the relations specified in parts one, the fourth and fifth Article 2 of this Code.

The regulations of the civil legislation containing in other laws and other acts of the legislation shall correspond to this Code.

The ministries, departments and other state bodies can issue the acts governing the civil relations in cases and in the limits provided by this Code, other laws and other acts of the legislation.

Article 4. Operation of the civil legislation in time

Acts of the civil legislation have no retroactive force and are applied to the relations which arose after their introduction in action.

Operation of the law extends to the relations which arose before its introduction in action only in cases when it is directly provided by the law.

On the relations which arose before enforcement of the act of the civil legislation it is applied to the rights and obligations which arose after its introduction in action.

If after the conclusion of the agreement the law establishing obligatory rules for the parties, others is adopted than those which were effective in case of the conclusion of the agreement conditions of the signed agreement remain in force, except cases when in the law it is determined that its action extends to the relations which arose from earlier signed agreements.

Article 5. Application of the civil legislation by analogy

In cases when 2 of this Code of the relation provided by parts one, the fourth and fifth Article are directly not settled by the legislation or the agreement of the parties, the regulation of the civil legislation governing the similar relations (analogy of the law) is applied.

In case of impossibility of use in the specified cases of analogy of the law, the rights and obligations of the Parties are determined proceeding from the general beginnings and sense of the civil legislation (analogy of the right) and requirements of conscientiousness, rationality and justice.

Application by analogy of the regulations limiting the civil laws and establishing responsibility is not allowed.

Article 6. Business customs. Local customs and traditions

Business custom the rule of conduct which developed and widely applied in any field of business activity, not stipulated by the legislation irrespective of whether it is fixed in any document is recognized.

Local customs and traditions are applied to the relations regulated by the civil legislation in case of absence in it the relevant standards.

The business customs, local customs and traditions contradicting standards of the legislation or the agreement, obligatory for participants of the meeting relation, are not applied.

Article 7. Civil legislation and international contracts and agreements

If the international treaty or the agreement establish other rules, than those which are provided by the civil legislation are applied rules of the international treaty or the agreement.

Chapter 2. Emergence of the civil laws and obligations. Implementation and protection of the civil laws

Article 8. Bases of emergence of the civil laws and obligations

The civil laws and obligations arise from the bases, stipulated by the legislation, and also from actions of citizens and legal entities which though are not provided by it, but owing to the general beginnings and sense of the civil legislation generate the civil laws and obligations.

The civil laws and obligations arise:

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