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The document is not valid from  October 2, 2015 according to the Order of the Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 2, 2015 No. 589


of February 10, 2015 No. 69

About approval of the Regulations on stationary Items of observations

According to Item 3 of article 145-1 of the Ecological code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 9, 2007, PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve the enclosed Regulations on stationary Items of observations.

2. This order becomes effective from the date of its signing.


B. School student

Approved by the Order of the Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 10, 2015 No. 69

Regulations on stationary Items of observations

1. General provisions

1. This Regulations on stationary Items of observations (further - the Provision) are developed according to Item 3 of article 145-1 of the Ecological code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 9, 2007 and establish the purposes, tasks, functions and the main requirements to the organization, functioning of stationary Items of observations (further - SPN) and to ensuring their activities.

2. Terms and determinations

2. In this Provision the following terms and determinations are used:

1) agrometeorological observations - simultaneous observations of meteorological elements (air temperature, amount of precipitation and others), growth and development of agricultural plants, condition of the soil and the held agrotechnical events;

2) actinometric observations - observations over intensity of direct, scattered and total solar radiation, and also over the effective radiation, radiation balance and albedo (reflecting soil capability);

3) specialized observations - complex of observations of conditions of forming, origin and passing of the separate spontaneous phenomena (mudflows, avalanches and other dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena);

4) aerological observations - measurement of physical characteristics of the free atmosphere up to extremely achievable heights, by means of sounding balloons;

5) representativeness of Item of observations - arrangement of SPN in case of which do not exert impact on its functioning strongly expressed and peculiar, in comparison with the surrounding area, elements of relief and the spreading surface and observations of SPN are indicative for general characteristic (climate, water objects) this region;

6) hydrological observations - observations of condition of water objects (level, temperature and consumption of water, the ice phenomena, rainfall, air temperature, snow cover, firm drain, nervousness, the chemical composition);

7) ground meteorological observations - measurements of numerical values of meteorological elements and their fluctuations in ground layer of the atmosphere, and also assessment of quality characteristics of the atmospheric phenomena (for example, forms of clouds and types of rainfall);

8) remote Items of observations - the Item located in difficult geographical and climatic conditions, desert, mountain zone, or in the uninhabited area far from large settlements with which there is no regular transport communication;

9) ozonometric observations - determination of content of ozone in the atmosphere by absorption measurement by ozone of sunshine in ultra-violet area of range;

10) radar meteorological observations - measurements of indicators of orientation, scope, intensity, tendencies of intensity, height of movement of the atmospheric phenomena which can specify certain types of weather, including the whole gales based on assessment of the echo of radio waves appearing on the radar screen;

11) radiometric observations - observations of radiation background of the environment;

12) reperny Item of observations - the Item of observations performing studying of long-term tendencies of climate changes, agrometeorological characteristics, hydrological and hydrochemical condition of water objects of sushi, seas and oceans, geophysical processes, state of pollution of the environment under the influence of change of climatic conditions and economic activity;

13) stationary Item of observations (the station, post) - Item of observations of meteorological, agrometeorological and hydrological environmental properties with the fixed geographical coordinates;

14) sea hydrometeorological observations - observations of characteristics of condition of the marine environment (level and water temperature, nervousness, salinity and others) and the atmospheres (air temperature, speed and the direction of wind, the atmospheric phenomena) in coastal and estuarial areas of the seas;

15) the marine environment - combination of physical, geological, chemical and biological factors of the environment, limited water thickness and bottom.

3. Main objectives and tasks

3. SPN will be organized for the purpose of creation of economic and effective supervisory network for receipt of reliable information about state of environment.

4. The main objective of SPN is carrying out systematic observations of condition of the atmosphere, waters of sushi and the seas, the soil spreading surfaces, crops for providing with hydrometeorological information and data on the level of environmental pollution of executive bodies and public administration, and also the population.

4. Types of stationary Items of observations

5. SPN are subdivided into the main (basic) and special.

The main (basic) SPN serve for systematic receipt of information on state of environment with the set completeness, accuracy and permission in time and space. Duration of their action is determined by degree of study of the separate territories, and also need of information transfer to state bodies, prognostic structures of national hydrometeorological service.

Reperny Items of observations belong to the main SPN.

Special SPN are intended for studying of local features of hydrometeorological characteristics of large water storage basins, zones of melioration, big cities, providing large economic objects with data (thermal and nuclear power plants, the railroads, the mining companies), reasons for project decisions and other state purposes. Duration of action of special SPN is determined by objectives.

6. Among SPN remote Items of observations are allocated.

7. The list of reperny and remote SPN affirms the National hydrometeorological service providing activities of the state supervisory network.

5. SPN main functions

8. SPN perform the following functions:

1) carrying out types of observations:

- ground meteorological;

- actinometric;

- aerological;

- radar meteorological;

- agrometeorological;

- hydrological;

- sea hydrometeorological;

- ozonometric;


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