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ORDER I.O OF THE MINISTER OF NATIONAL ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of March 27, 2015 No. 259

About approval of Rules of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by citizens during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding the medical X-ray radiological procedures and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background

(as amended on 19-08-2021)

According to article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of April 23, 1998 "About radiation safety of the population", PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve the enclosed Rules of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by citizens during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding the medical X-ray radiological procedures and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background.

2. To provide to committee on consumer protection of the Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the procedure established by the legislation:

1) state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

2) within ten calendar days after state registration of this order its direction on official publication in periodic printing editions and in information system of law of Ad_let;

3) placement of this order on official Internet resource of the Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

3. To impose control of execution of this order on the supervising vice-minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

4. This order becomes effective after ten calendar days from the date of its first official publication.

Acting minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

M. Kusainov

It is approved

Minister of health and social development of the Republic of Kazakhstan

March 30, 2015

 

____________ T. Duysenova

It is approved

Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

___________ V. Shkolnik

Approved by the Order of the Acting Minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of March 27, 2015 No. 259

Rules of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by citizens during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding the medical X-ray radiological procedures and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. These rules of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by citizens during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding medical X-ray radiological procedures, and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background (further - Rules), are developed according to article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About radiation safety of the population and determine procedure of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by citizens during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding medical X-ray radiological procedures, and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background and extend to all physical persons who are affected by ionizing radiation (further - citizens) and the legal entities performing activities with use of sources of ionizing radiation (further - the organizations).

2. Control and accounting of individual doses of radiation are carried out for the purpose of:

1) receipts of the objective information about individual doses of radiation of the citizens received during the work with sources of ionizing radiation, holding medical X-ray radiological procedures, and also caused by natural and technogenic radiation background;

2) accounting of persons which underwent to radiation above the set limits;

3) possibility of receipt of objective and reliable information about doses of radiation of citizens and personnel of the organization;

4) estimates of impact of radiation factor on citizens;

5) taking measures to decrease in levels of radiation of citizens.

Chapter 2. General procedure for the organization of control and accounting of individual doses of radiation

3. Control and accounting of individual doses of radiation are carried out according to these rules taking into account requirements of regulations and rules of ensuring radiation safety and provided with single requirements to amount, parameters, methods and control facilities and accounting.

4. Are subject to control and accounting:

1) the individual doses of radiation received by citizens in case of impact on them different sources of ionizing radiation;

2) the individual doses of radiation of citizens and personnel of the organizations caused by the natural and technogenic changed radiation background;

3) individual doses of radiation of citizens when holding medical X-ray radiological procedures;

4) the individual doses of radiation received by citizens and personnel of the organization in case of radiation accidents.

5. The key controlled parameters are:

1) annual effective and equivalent doses;

2) annual equivalent dose in eye crystalline lens, skin, brushes and feet;

3) intake of radionuclides in organism and their content in organism for assessment of annual receipt;

4) volume or specific activity of radionuclides in air, water, food, construction materials and so on;

5) radioactive pollution of integuments, clothes, footwear, working surfaces;

6) dose and capacity of dose of external gamma radiation.

6. For determination, individual doses of radiation are used:

1) direct measurements by means of individual dosimeters (personal doses of radiation of citizens and personnel of object);

2) the calculations of individual dose taking into account radiation situation received by means of phantoms and counters of radiations of the person;

3) reconstruction of individual dose of radiation of citizens on biological, biochemical and biophysical effects in the irradiated organism;

4) reconstruction of individual dose of radiation of citizens on radiation effects in different materials.

Chapter 3. Procedure of control and accounting of the individual doses of radiation received by personnel during the work with sources of ionizing radiation

7. Individual control of radiation of personnel of the organization depending on nature of works includes individual control of dose external beta, scale, x-ray and neutron radiations, also mixed radiation with use of individual dosimeters or settlement way.

8. For conducting individual radiation control in the organizations individual dosimeters which are fixed on personnel clothes are used. The location of dosimeters depends on nature of the performed work.

9. The personnel need to observe the procedure for use of individual dosimeters established in the organization.

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