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RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of June 2, 2015 No. 460

About approval of Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste of the Belarusian nuclear power plant

(as amended of the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of 18.03.2021 No. 150)

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve the Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste of the Belarusian nuclear power plant it (is applied).

2. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus

A. Kobyakov

Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of June 2, 2015 No. 460

Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste of the Belarusian nuclear power plant

Chapter 1. General provisions

In the Republic of Belarus the construction of nuclear power plant on the Russian AES-2006 project as a part of two total power units by capacity about 2400 MW is performed. According to the general contract for construction of the Belarusian nuclear power plant of July 18, 2012 No. 77-598/1110700, signed between the republican unitary enterprise "Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant" and Atomstroyexport joint-stock company (Russian Federation) commissioning of the first power unit of nuclear power plant is planned to be performed in 2021, the second power unit – in 2022.

Due to the operation of nuclear power plant special relevance is acquired by problem of formation of different types and categories of the radioactive waste (further – Russian joint stock company) constituting potential danger for the person and the environment. According to the project of the Belarusian nuclear power plant (further – the project) are provided functioning of system of the address about Russian joint stock company and their storage in station storage within ten years with subsequent their moving to Item of burial of Russian joint stock company which construction is not provided by the project.

Responsibility for ensuring safe and reliable functioning of system of the address with Russian joint stock company is assigned to the state and the operating organization.

According to the Presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus of December 30, 2013 No. 583 "About reorganization of public institution "Directorate of construction of nuclear power plant" of function of the operating organization of nuclear power plant performs the republican unitary enterprise "Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant" which is part of the national production association of power industry of Belenergo.

According to regulations of the Integrated convention on safety of the treatment of the fulfilled fuel and on safety of the treatment of radioactive waste of September 5, 1997 contracting parties confirm that finally responsibility for ensuring safe handling of the fulfilled fuel and Russian joint stock company is assigned to the state. Each contracting party takes adequate measures on ensuring reliable protection of society and the environment from radiological and other risks at all stages of the address from Russian joint stock company.

According to article 32 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 30, 2008 No. 426-Z "About use of atomic energy" the operating organization is provided safe for employees (personnel) of nuclear power plant and citizens the address with Russian joint stock company, and also actions for maintenance and increase in safety of nuclear installation and (or) Item of storage are developed and implemented. The operating organization according to the legislation bears responsibility for non-compliance with requirements about safety of nuclear installation and (or) Item of storage.

This Strategy is developed taking into account the principles of the address from the Russian joint stock companies recommended by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and established in Item of 5 regulations and rules on ensuring nuclear and radiation safety "Safety in case of the treatment of radioactive waste. General provisions", No. approved by the resolution of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of September 28, 2010 47, according to which are provided:

ensuring acceptable level of security of workers (personnel) of nuclear power plant and the population from radiative effects of Russian joint stock company (the principle of protection of health of the person);

ensuring acceptable level of security of the environment from radiative effects of Russian joint stock company (the principle of environmental protection);

observance of the requirement according to which the predicted level of radiation of future generations caused by burial of Russian joint stock company shall not exceed the admissible level of radiation of the population established by regulatory legal acts, including technical regulatory legal acts (the principle of protection of future generations);

accounting of interrelation between stages of formation of Russian joint stock company and the treatment of them (the principle of interdependence of stages of formation of Russian joint stock company and the treatment of them);

not assignment on future generations of the excessive burden connected with need of safety in case of the address with Russian joint stock company (the principle of not assignment of excessive burden on future generations);

restriction of education and accumulating of Russian joint stock company at the minimum almost achievable level (the principle of control of education and accumulating of Russian joint stock company);

accident prevention with radiation effects and weakening of possible effects in case of their origin (the principle of safety).

The purpose of this Strategy is determination of the main activities according to the safe and cost-efficient handling of Russian joint stock company.

The realization of this Strategy will be enabled during 2015-2082 that is caused by useful life of nuclear power plant (60 years) and need of step-by-step enhancement of system of the address with Russian joint stock company.

For the purposes of this Strategy terms and their determinations in the values established by the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 2019 No. 198-Z "About radiation safety" and the Law of the Republic of Belarus "About use of atomic energy are used".

This Strategy will be adjusted as required.

Chapter 2. System of the address with Russian joint stock company

The system of the address with Russian joint stock company includes collection, sorting, cleaning, conversion, conditioning, transportation and storage of the Russian joint stock company which are formed in use nuclear power plant.

In case of operation of nuclear power plant Russian joint stock companies of different types (gaseous, liquid and firm) and categories are formed (very low-active, low-active, medium-active and highly active).

For the purpose of safe handling of Russian joint stock company within project implementation it is necessary to resolve issues:

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