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It is registered

Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan 

 On August 5, 2014 No. 762

ORDER OF THE MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of June 23, 2014 No. 108

About approval of general aviation Rules of the Republic of Tajikistan (OAP RT - 21) "Air traffic management in the Republic of Tajikistan"

In compliance of the Convention on international civil aviation, and also for the purpose of reduction in compliance with requirements of International Civil Aviation Organization (IKAO) of air traffic management of the Republic of Tajikistan,

I dispose:

1. Approve general aviation Rules of the Republic of Tajikistan (OAP RT - 21) "Air traffic management in the Republic of Tajikistan" (is applied).

2. Provide this order in accordance with the established procedure for state registration in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tajikistan.

3. This order to enact after state registration and official publication.

4. Declare invalid the Order of the Minister of Transport of the Republic of Tajikistan of January 20, 2014, No. 15 "About approval of aviation rules of the Republic of Tajikistan "Air traffic management in the Republic of Tajikistan" (AP RT - 21)".

5. Control of execution of this order to assign to the head of department of civil aviation.

Minister

H. Asozoda

Approved by the Order of the Minister of Transport of the Republic of Tajikistan of June 23, 2014 No. 108

General aviation Rules of the Republic of Tajikistan (OAP RT - 21) "Air traffic management in the Republic of Tajikistan"

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. General aviation rules of the Republic of Tajikistan (OAP RT - 21) "Air traffic management in the Republic of Tajikistan" (further - Rules) are developed based on Chapter 2 of the Air code of RT and Chapter 1 of Rules of use of airspace of the Republic of Tajikistan taking into account national practice in the field of air traffic management, standards and recommended practice of International Civil Aviation Organization.

2. These rules are obligatory for execution in the Republic of Tajikistan by airspace users of the Republic of Tajikistan, the bodies of air traffic maintenance (further - body of Department of Internal Affairs) performing air traffic maintenance in the zones and areas established for them, other bodies and the organizations participating in flight servicing of air vehicles, except for airspace users and controls flights of the state aircraft and experimental aircraft in the airspace allocated for these elements of aviation where these rules are applied without fail to air traffic maintenance of civil air vehicles.

3. Air traffic management when flying civil air vehicles in airfields of joint basing and joint airports is performed according to these rules.

4. In these rules the following terms and determinations are used:

- absolute altitude - distance down from mean level of the sea (MSL) to the level, point or the object accepted for point.

- absolute altitude of transition - the absolute altitude at which or below which the provision of the air vehicle in the vertical plane is given in sizes of absolute altitude.

- absolute altitude of flight of obstacles (WASP) or relative obstacle clearance altitude (OSN) - the minimum absolute altitude or the minimum relative height over exceeding of the corresponding threshold of the runway or in appropriate cases over exceeding of airfield, used for ensuring compliance with the corresponding criteria of flight of obstacles.

Note 1. Absolute altitude of flight of obstacles is counted from mean level of the sea, and relative obstacle clearance altitude - from exceeding of threshold of the runway or, in case of inexact landing approaches, from exceeding of airfield or exceeding of threshold of the runway if its exceeding more than on 2 m (the 7th foot) is less than exceeding of airfield. The relative obstacle clearance altitude for circling approach is counted from exceeding of airfield.

Note 2. When both concepts are used, it is possible to apply the "absolute/relative obstacle clearance altitude" form and reducings OSAN to convenience.

- emergency phase - the general term meaning uncertainty stage, alert phase or stage of disaster under different circumstances.

- the emergency notification - service of the emergency notification. The services provided for the notification of the relevant organizations on the air vehicles needing the help of search and rescue services, and rendering necessary assistance to such organizations.

- the address of the air vehicle - individual combination from 24 bits which are available for assignment to the air vehicle for the purpose of ensuring communication "air - the earth", navigation and observation.

- aviation incident - the event connected with use of the air vehicle which takes place since the moment when any face is raised aboard with intention to make flight, till the moment when all being onboard person left the air vehicle, and during which:

a) any face sustains bodily harm from the death or serious bodily harm as a result:

- stays in this air vehicle, or;

- direct contact with any part of the air vehicle, including the parts separated this air vehicle or;

- direct impact of stream of gases of the jet engine;

- unless bodily harms are sustained as a result of the natural reasons, put to themselves, or put with other persons or when bodily harms are put to the stowaway passengers disappearing out of zones where access to passengers and crew members is usually open or;

b) the air vehicle sustains damage or there is destruction of its design therefore:

- structural strength is broken, technical or flight characteristics of the air vehicle worsen;

- usually extensive repair or replacement of the damaged element is required;

- except as specified refusal or engine damage when only the engine, its cowls or accessories is damaged;

- when only air screws, wings tip, antennas, pneumatics, braking devices, fairing or when in covering there are small dents or holes are damaged;

c) the air vehicle is missing or it appears in such place where access to it is absolutely impossible.

Note 1. Only for the purpose of uniformity of statistical data bodily harm as a result of which within 30 days from the moment of incident there came death is classified ICAO as bodily harm from the death.

Note 2. The air vehicle is considered the missing person when were, official searches are stopped and the location of fragments was not established.

- aspects of human factor - the principles applicable to design processes, certification, trainings, maintenance and operational activities in aircraft and aimed at ensuring safe interaction between the person and other components of system by means of proper accounting of opportunities of the person.

- airfield - certain site terrestrial or surface of the water (including any buildings, constructions and the equipment), intended fully or partially for arrival, departure and movement on this surface of air vehicles.

- alternate aerodrome - the airfield intended for landing of the air vehicle in case use of arrival airfield is impossible. Can be reserve as well departure airfield.

- arrival airfield - airfield in which landing of the air vehicle is provided by flight plan or task for flight. Arrival airfields are subdivided into airfields of intermediate and final landing.

- airfield movement - movement on airfield maneuvering areas, and also flights of air vehicles in the terminal area.

Note. It is considered that the air vehicle carries out flights in the terminal area when it enters aerodrome traffic circuit, leaves it or is in its limits.

- airdrome dispatching service - dispatching servicing of airfield movement.

- aeronautical servicing - the servicing of airspace users including the organization and air traffic maintenance, radio engineering flight servicing and aviation telecommunication, provision of aeronautical and meteorological data, aviation search and the rescue provided on all flight stages of the air vehicle.

- aerodrome traffic circuit - the established route to which the air vehicles which are carrying out flight in the neighborhood of airfield shall adhere.

- aeronavigation situation - set of the conditions of flight execution determined season and days, nature of the pro-flown area, degree of security of route with technical means, arrangement of alternate aerodromes, availability of prohibitions and restrictions of use of airspace and relative positioning of air vehicles.

- barometric height - indications of the barometric altimeter which does not have instrumental and aerodynamic errors and calibrated according to the standard atmosphere.

- safe height of flight - flight height excluding collision of the air vehicle with earth's (water) surface or obstacles in it.

- pilotless uncontrollable aerostat - the lighter-than-air drone aircraft, without power unit, being in free flight.

- onboard anticollision system (ACAS) - the onboard system based on use of signals of the transponder of secondary surveillance radar (VORL) which functions irrespective of ground equipment and provides to the pilot information on conflict situation which the air vehicles equipped with VORL transponders can create.

- vektoreniye - ensuring navigation guidance of air vehicles by means of specifying of certain rates on the basis of use of watch system of Department of Internal Affairs.

- the landing strip (LS) - the certain rectangular site of overland airfield prepared for landing and take-off of air vehicles.

- visibility - visibility for the aviation purposes represents the size exceeding:

a) the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify the black object of the acceptable sizes located near the earth in case of its observation on light background;

b) the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify fires luminous intensity approximately in 1000 cd on dark background.

Note 1. These two distances have different values in air with the set absorption coefficient, and the last) depends on illumination of background. The first and) is characterized by meteorological optical visible range (MOR).

Note 2. This determination is applied to observations of the visibility specified in local, regular and special reports, to observations of the prevailing and minimum visibility specified in reports of METAR and SPECI and to observations of ground visibility.

- visibility in flight - visibility from cabin of the aircraft pilot in flight course.

- ground visibility - the ground visibility reported by the authorized observer or the automated systems.

- visibility vertical - the maximum distance from the Earth's surface to the level from which vertically objects on earth's surface are visible down.

- meteorological visibility - the horizontal visibility determined by meteorological service by means of technical means or visually by visibility reference points.

- visual meteorological conditions (VMC) - the meteorological conditions expressed in sizes of visible range, distances to clouds and height of the lower bound of the clouds corresponding to the established minima or exceeding them.

- the contact approach - landing approach when flying on PPP when the instrument approach chart in parts or in full is not observed and calling is carried out on visual ground marks.

- airway - controlled airspace (or its part) in the form of corridor.

- air traffic - all air vehicles which are in flight or moving on the airfield maneuvering area.

- airspace of Department of Internal Affairs - airspace of certain sizes with alphabetic designation within which specific types of flights can be carried out and for which air traffic maintenance and rules of flights are determined.

- air picture - simultaneous relative positioning on vertical and horizontal of air vehicles and other material objects in certain region of airspace.

- the air vehicle - any device supported in the atmosphere due to its interaction with air excepting interaction with the air reflected from earth's surface.

- possibilities of the person - the capabilities of the person and limits of its opportunities influencing safety and efficiency of aviation activities.

- possibility of initiation of air-ground data link (DLIC) - application of air-ground data link which provides possibility of exchange of the addresses, names and numbers of versions necessary for initiation of application of air-ground data link.

- secondary surveillance radar (SSR) - the radar-tracking system of observation using transmitters/receivers (requesters) and transponders in which the radio signal transferred by radar station causes transfer of answer-back radio signal of other station.

- forced landing - aerodrome landing (except landing on alternate aerodrome) or out of airfield for the reasons which are not allowing to execute flight according to the plan.

- height - distance down from the level accepted for zero reference datum to this point. Absolute altitude is measured from mean level of the sea (geoid), relative height - from the chosen level, absolute altitude - from land relief level in point of reference.

- height of the lower bound of clouds - distance down between land surface or waters and the lower bound of the lowest cloud cover, the being lower than 6000 m (20 000 foot) and the closing more than a half of the sky.

- transition height - the established height for transfer of scale of pressure of barometric altimeter into value of the relative pressure of 760 mm of mercury. (1013 hPa) in case of set of the set echelon.

- glide path - the decrease profile established for vertical targeting on final approach.

- border of action of permission - Item/boundary, to which really air traffic control clearance issued to the air vehicle.

- atmospheric pressure standard (QNE) - set value of pressure of 760 mm of mercury. (1013 hPa).

- pressure of airfield (Item) specified to mean level of the sea on the standard atmosphere (QNH) - the atmospheric pressure in case of which installation on scale of pressure of barometric altimeter the barometric height of airfield (Item) matches with its absolute altitude.

- aerodrome pressure (QFE) - atmospheric pressure at the level of working threshold of the runway or the checkpoint of airfield (CA).

- visible range on the runway (RVR) - distance within which the aircraft pilot, being on center line of the runway, can see marking signs on the surfaces of the runway or fires limiting the runway or designating its center line.

- discrete code - the VORL four-digit code which two last digits are not "00".

- control zone (CTR) - the controlled airspace stretching up from earth's surface to the established upper bound.

- the dispatching recommendation - the recommendation to crew on taking measures, concerning flight execution, and used at the discretion of crew.

- dispatching body of approach (DPP) - the body intended for ensuring dispatching servicing of the controlled flights of the air vehicles which are arriving to one or several airfields or taking off from them.

- the dispatching area - the controlled airspace stretching up from the border established over earth's surface.

- dispatching servicing of approach - dispatching servicing of controlled flights of the arriving and taking off air vehicles.

- the air traffic control clearance - permission to the air vehicle to be effective in accordance with the terms, established by dispatching body.

Note 1. The term "air traffic control clearance" is often replaced with the reduced term "permission" which is used in the corresponding contexts.

Note 2. The reduced term "permission" can be used with the explanatory words "on taxiing-out", "on take-off", "on departure", "on en route flight", "on landing approach" or "on landing" for designation of flight stage to which the air traffic control clearance belongs.

- dispatching specifying - the directions of body of Department of Internal Affairs ordering to aircraft crew to perform specific action.

- the aircraft report (air vehicle) - the aircraft report of the air vehicle which is in flight which is constituted according to requirements for data message on location, the course of flight execution and (or) meteorological conditions.

- alternate aerodrome on route in case of accomplishment of ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) - suitable alternate aerodrome on which the airplane can make landing after engine shutdown or in case of origin any other special or emergencies in case of accomplishment of ETOPS along route.

- area navigation (RNAV) - the navigation method allowing air vehicles to carry out flight on any desirable trajectory within the action area of terrestrial or satellite navaids or in the limits determined by opportunities of autonomous means or their combination.

- instrument landing approach - flight stage on which the procedure of instrument landing approach performed according to the established scheme with use of radio engineering means of targeting is performed.

- radar approach - landing approach which final stage is completed under the leadership of the dispatcher using the radar.

- airfield area (flight) - airspace of the established sizes for working off of piloting technique and other flying missions.

- the waiting area - the airspace of the established sizes located, as a rule, over radio navigational point of airfield (the terminal area, airline hub), intended for expectation by air vehicles of the queue of landing approach or aerodrome approach.

- location indicator - the four-letter code group constituted according to the ordered ICAO rules and appropriated for designation of location of aviation fixed station.

- the indicator of air picture - the electronic indicator on which location and movement of air vehicles, and also other necessary information are displayed.

- location indication - visual display in not symbolical or symbolical form on the indicator of air picture of location of the air vehicle, the airfield vehicle or other object.

- information of AIRMET - information on the actual or expected emergence of certain phenomena of weather on flight track issued by body of meteorological tracking which can affect aviation safety of air vehicles at small heights and which were not still included in the forecast constituted for low altitude flights in the respective region of flight information or his subrayena.

- information of SIGMET - information on the actual or expected emergence of certain phenomena of weather on flight track issued by body of meteorological tracking which can affect safety of flight of air vehicles.

- information on movement - the information proceeding from body of air traffic maintenance for the warning of the pilot of other known or observed air vehicles which can be near its location or the planned flight track, and helping the pilot to prevent collision.

- information of body of air traffic maintenance - information transferred by body of air traffic maintenance to aircraft crew about meteoconditions, movement, change of operational condition of navaids, condition of airfields and the related means and other data which can affect safety of flight.

- incident - any event, except aviation incident, connected with use of the air vehicle which influences or could affect safety of operation.

- used by the runway - it is applied to designation of one or several runways which in any specific time are considered by aerodrome control point as the most suitable for use by air vehicles of those types which as it is supposed, will carry out landing or take-off in this airfield.

- code (VORL) - number assigned to the specific multipulse signal of the answer transmitted by the transponder in the mode A or in the mode C.

- the aircraft commander - the pilot appointed the operator or, in case of general aviation, the owner of the air vehicle to carry out obligations of the commander and to be responsible for safe flight execution.

- final approach - that part of instrument approach chart which begins in the established checkpoint (or point) final approach or, in the absence of such point:

a) at the end of the last procedure turn, base-leg turn or turn on inbound track in the "hippodrome" scheme if that is provided, or;

b) in point of exit to the last track line in approach chart also comes to an end in terminal area point from which:

- landing can be executed or;

- go-around is begun.

- advisory airspace - airspace of certain sizes or the established route where advisory service of air traffic is provided.

- advisory service of air traffic - the services provided in advisory airspace for the purpose of providing optimum aircraft separation, flights which are carrying out flights according to plans for PPP.

- advisory route - the established route on which there is advisory service of air traffic.

Note. Dispatching air traffic maintenance provides much more full service, than advisory service of air traffic therefore within controlled airspace advisory zones and routes are not established, however advisory service of air traffic can be provided below or above dispatching areas.

- contractual automatic dependent surveillance (ADS-C) - type of observation in case of which exchange of ADS-C terms of agreement between ground system and the air vehicle is performed (on air-ground data link) and make a reservation conditions in which transfer of reports of ADS-C, and data which will contain in these reports will be initiated.

- controlled flight - any flight which is carried out in the presence of air traffic control clearance.

- controlled airspace - airspace of certain sizes within which dispatching servicing according to classification of airspace is provided.

Note. Controlled airspace - the general term meaning airspace of Department of Internal Affairs of classes A, B, C, D and E as it is specified in item 2.6. Appendices 11.

- controlled airfield - airfield in which dispatching servicing of airfield movement is provided.

Note. The term "controlled airfield" means that in this airfield dispatching servicing of airfield movement is provided, but does not mean obligatory availability - the geographical place used as reference point for holding pattern.

- control height - height which the barometric altimeter of the air vehicle on transition flight level after transfer of scale of the altimeter into the pressure of airfield or minimum pressure specified to mean level of the sea on the standard atmosphere shall show.

- checkpoint of airfield - the point determining location of airfield in the chosen coordinate system.

- control of flight path - use of watch systems of Department of Internal Affairs for the purpose of provision to air vehicles of information and the messages concerning considerable variations from nominal flight path including variations from the conditions stipulated in the air traffic control clearances issued to them.

- the end stopway (ES) - the certain rectangular site of the land surface at the end of the located take-off run prepared as the site suitable for stop of the air vehicle in case of the interrupted take-off.

- the coordination center of search and rescue (RCC) - the center created in the allocated search and rescue area for assistance of search and rescue works to the effective organization.

- cruising level - height maintained during considerable part of flight.

- rate - the direction in which there is longitudinal axle of the air vehicle expressed usually in degrees of the corner counted from the northern direction of true, magnetic, compass or conditional meridians.

- flying strip - the part of airfield of airfield including the runway and end stopways if they are provided, intended for take off and landing of air vehicles, reduction of risk of damage of air vehicles in case of runway overrun and safety of the air vehicles which are flying by over it in takeoff time or landings.

- airfield - the part of airfield including one or several landing strips, taxiways, platforms and platforms of special purpose.

- run letters - specifying about whether the special attention from bodies of Department of Internal Affairs is required to this air vehicle.

- track line - projection of flight path of the air vehicle to the Earth's surface which direction in any its point is usually expressed in degrees of the corner counted from the northern direction (true, magnetic or conditional meridians).

- route of area navigation - the route of Department of Internal Affairs established for air vehicles which can apply area navigation.

- the route of air traffic maintenance - the established route which is intended for movement direction of flow for the purpose of ensuring air traffic maintenance and in appropriate cases means airway, route of area navigation, local airline.

Note 1. The term "route of Department of Internal Affairs" is used for designation in appropriate cases of airway, advisory route, supervised or uncontrollable route, route of arrival or departure etc.

Note 2. The route of Department of Internal Affairs is determined by route technical requirements which include index of route of Department of Internal Affairs, track line to the main points (points of way) or in the opposite direction, distance between the main points, requirements for transfer of reports, and also, according to the decision of the relevant authority of Department of Internal Affairs, the lowermost safe absolute altitude.

- routes of flights of air vehicles - in controlled airspace for accomplishment of flights out of routes of air traffic maintenance flights of air vehicles are carried out along routes.

- the place of expectation at the runway - the certain place intended for protection of the runway, the surface of restriction of obstacles or the critical/sensitive zone ILS/MLS in which the driving air vehicles and vehicles stop and is expected if there is no other specifying from control office of airfield.

Note. In radiotelephone phraseology expression "the expectation point" is used for designation of the place of expectation at the runway.

- meteorological data - the meteorological report, the analysis, the forecast and any other message concerning the actual or expected meteorological conditions.

- the meteorological report - the message on results of observations of the meteorological conditions relating to certain time and the place.

- meteorological office - the body intended for meteorological providing the international air navigation.

- method of number of "Move" - method of keeping of intervals of longitudinal echeloning on routes of Department of Internal Affairs from use of number of "Move".

- the minimum fuel reserve - the term used for the description of situation when the fuel reserve onboard the air vehicle reached the level in case of which the small delay is allowed or is not allowed any delay.

Note. It does not mean emergency situation, and only specifies possibility of emergency environment if any unexpected delay takes place.

- the minimum reduced pressure (P priv.min) - calculated value of the minimum atmospheric pressure specified to sea-level on local airline, route or the area of flight.

- aircraft observation (air vehicle) - assessment of one or several meteorological elements made onboard the air vehicle which is in flight.

- cruise climb - the piloting of the airplane in the cruiser mode providing surplus of absolute altitude in process of reduction of weight of the airplane.

- the navigation based on characteristics (PBN) - the area navigation based on requirements to characteristics of the air vehicles which are carrying out en route flight of Department of Internal Affairs, instrument approach chart or weeds in the established airspace.

- land navigation light - any fire, excepting fires established on the air vehicle which is specially held for use as aeronautical means.

- initial approach segment - the site of instrument approach chart between checkpoint of initial approach and checkpoint of intermediate approach or, in appropriate cases, checkpoint (or points) final approach.

- uncontrollable airfield - airfield in which dispatching services of airfield movement are not provided.

- uncontrollable flight - aircraft flight which is not provided with dispatching servicing (management) of air traffic.

- the unidentified air vehicle - the air vehicle which flight in this area is observed or about flight which in this area it is reported, but accessory of which is not established.

- unauthorized departure on the runway - any event in airfield connected with unreasonable availability of the air vehicle, the vehicle or person on the protected surface area intended for carrying out landing and take-off of air vehicles.

- NOTAM - the notice distributed by means of telecommunication and containing information on enforcement, condition or change of any aeronautical equipment, servicing and rules or information on danger, the timely prevention of which is important for the personnel connected with accomplishment of flights.

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