of May 16, 2011 No. 279
About approval of the Instruction on the organization and air traffic maintenance
According to the subitem 5) Item 1 of article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 15, 2010 "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft" PRIKAZYVAYU:
1. Approve the enclosed Instruction on the organization and air traffic maintenance.
2. In accordance with the established procedure to provide to committee of civil aviation of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Adimold R. O.) submission of this order to the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan for state registration.
3. To impose control of execution of this order on the vice-Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan Bekturov A. G.
Approved by the Order of the deputy. The Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan of May 16, 2011 No. 279
1. The instruction on the organization and air traffic maintenance is developed on the basis of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft", and also taking into account requirements of standards and recommendations of International Civil Aviation Organization (IKAO) stated in Annex 11 to the Convention on international civil aviation (Chicago, 1944), and the document of International Civil Aviation Organization "Air traffic management" (Doc 4444 ATM/501).
2. Requirements of this Instruction are developed for safety-of-life function in case of air traffic maintenance (further - Department of Internal Affairs) and are carried out by personnel of services of Department of Internal Affairs, and also flight personnel and specialists of other services providing flights, regarding them concerning.
3. The aeronautical organization provides calculation of handling capacity of bodies of Department of Internal Affairs (areas, sectors) according to the Technique of determination of the handling capacity of control offices (sectors) of air traffic maintenance specified in Appendix 1 to this Instruction. The aeronautical organization provides air traffic maintenance within the established indicators of handling capacity received as a result of calculation. Regulation of handling capacity of bodies of Department of Internal Affairs and amount of traffic is performed at stages of planning of use of airspace according to the Rules of use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of May 12, 2011 No. 506.
4. In this Instruction the following terms and determinations are applied:
1) absolute altitude – distance down from mean level of the sea, to the level of point or object accepted for point;
2) emergency phase – the general term meaning uncertainty stage, alert phase or stage of disaster;
3) air fixed service – the service of telecommunication between the certain fixed Items intended first of all for safety control of air navigation, and also regularity, efficiency and profitability of air traffics;
4) air mobile service – mobile service of communication between aviation stations and onboard stations or between onboard stations which also includes stations of life preservers, stations of radio beacons indicators of the place of disaster working at the frequencies appointed for distress messages and emergency messages;
5) automatic dependent surveillance – method of observation according to which air vehicles automatically provide on air-ground data link information, from traffic guidance systems and systems of position determination, including identification index of the air vehicle, additional data this about its location in four measurements and, if necessary;
5-1) authorized body in the field of civil aviation - the central actuator performing management in the field of use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of civil and experimental aviation;
5-2) authorized organization in the field of civil aviation - the joint-stock company with absolute participation of the state in the authorized capital performing the activities aimed at providing sustainable development of industry of civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, aviation safety and aviation safety;
6) the distress call (the message on critical condition in flight) – the international code signal (SOS – cable, MAYDAY - radiotelephone) meaning "I am in distress", transferred in cases when the air vehicle and the passengers who are on it and crew are threatened by direct danger and the immediate help is required;
7) disaster stage (unique word of DETRESFA) – the situation which is characterized by availability of reasonable confidence that the air vehicle and persons which are on its board is threatened by serious and direct danger or is required the immediate help;
8) exceeding – distance down from mean level of the sea to point or the level of earth's surface or the related object;
9) instrument landing approach - landing approach and landing with use of the equipment for navigation targeting on the basis of instrument approach chart. There are two methods of accomplishment of landing approach:
two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approach with use only of side navigation targeting;
three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approach with use of both side, and vertical navigation targeting.
Note: side and vertical navigation targeting represents the targeting provided with the help of either land radio navigation aid, or navigation these terrestrial, satellite, autonomous navaids or complex of these means issued by the computer;
10) instrument approach chart (the reduced abbreviation in English of IAP (further – IAP)) – series of in advance planned maneuvers which are carried out on flight control instruments, in case of observance of the established requirements providing prevention of collision with obstacles from checkpoint of initial approach or, in appropriate cases, from the beginning of the established arrival route to point from where landing can be executed and if landing is not executed, then to point from which criteria of flight of obstacles in the waiting area or on route are applied;
11) the instrument flight rules (further – PPP) – the rules providing accomplishment of flights on flight navigation instruments, control and providing with body of Department of Internal Affairs of the established echeloning intervals between air vehicles;
12) standard departure route on devices (the reduced abbreviation in English of SID (further – SID)) – the established departure route according to the instrument flight rules, from airfield or certain landing strip of airfield to exit point from the terminal area;
13) standard route of arrival on devices (the reduced abbreviation in English of STAR (further – STAR)) – the established arrival route according to the instrument flight rules from point of entry to the terminal area in which to point flight on the published instrument approach chart begins;
14) district dispatching servicing - dispatching servicing of controlled flights in dispatching areas;
15) regional dispatcher center (center) – the body intended for ensuring dispatching servicing of controlled flights in the area (areas) of Department of Internal Affairs which is (being) under its jurisdiction;
16) airline hub – close located airfields, the organization and accomplishment of flights on which special approval and coordinating of bodies of servicing and air traffic control is required;
17) the region of airline hub – part of airspace of the established sizes with two and more close located airfields for the organization and accomplishment of flights which require special approval and coordinating;
18) the service area of air traffic (further – the District Department of Internal Affairs) – airspace of the established sizes in which borders air traffic maintenance on airways and routes out of them is performed by the dispatcher of district dispatch center;
19) route of air traffic maintenance – the established route which is intended for movement direction of flow for the purpose of ensuring air traffic maintenance;
20) the job description of the specialist of service of air traffic – the document developed on the basis of the standard job description in relation to specific position (particular person) taking into account features of this body of Department of Internal Affairs (the specialist of service Department of Internal Affairs) and conditions of its work;
21) boundary of transfer of air traffic maintenance – the boundary established on route of taxing or on flight path of the air vehicle on which the Department of Internal Affairs of this air vehicle is transferred from one body of Department of Internal Affairs to another;
22) collection point for reports of air traffic maintenance – the body of air traffic maintenance created for the purpose of receipt of the reports concerning the air traffic maintenance and flight plans represented before departure.
The collection point for reports of air traffic maintenance can include service functions by aeronautical information;
23) watch system of air traffic maintenance – the general term which is understood as the ADS-B, PORL, VORL systems or any other comparable ground system allowing to identify the air vehicle;
24) the organization of flow of air traffic (the reduced abbreviation in English of ATFM (further – ATFM)) – the services provided for the purpose of assistance safe, to the arranged and accelerated flow of air traffic for ensuring the greatest possible use of handling capacity of system of air traffic management and compliance of amount of traffic of the declared handling capacity;
25) dispatching air traffic maintenance – the services provided in controlled airspace, intended for collision avoidance between air vehicles, air vehicles with obstacles in the maneuvering area and also for acceleration and regulation of air traffic;
26) intensity of air traffic – the number of the air vehicles passing through the area of Department of Internal Affairs (the sector of Department of Internal Affairs, the route, section of the route, the terminal area) in unit of time;
27) air traffic management – complex of the actions aimed at providing safe and effective flights of air vehicles and providing accomplishment of functions on airspace management, the organization of flows and air traffic maintenance;
28) density of air traffic – the number of the air vehicles which are at the same time in airspace unit of volume (on airway, the set echelon, in zone (area) or the sector of Department of Internal Affairs);
29) the terminal area (the terminal control area (Terminal control area (TMA) - the dispatching area created in places of convergence of routes of Department of Internal Affairs in the neighborhood of one or several large airfields;
30) aerodrome control point - the body intended for ensuring dispatching servicing of airfield movement;
31) atmospheric pressure in airfield (the reduced abbreviation in English of QFE (further – QFE)) – value of atmospheric pressure in millimeters of mercury (further – mm Hg), in millibars (further – Mbar) or hectopascals (further – hPa) at the level of landing strip threshold;
32) airdrome dispatching service – dispatching servicing of airfield movement;
33) exceeding of airfield – absolute exceeding of the highest point of the landing area;
34) at least airfield – minimum admissible values of visibility (visibility on landing strip), heights of the lower bound of clouds (vertical visibility) with which in this airfield it is allowed to carry out take-off or landing of the air vehicle of this type;
35) air picture – simultaneous relative positioning in the vertical and horizontal planes of air vehicles and other objects in certain region of airspace;
36) letterprinting communication - the communication providing constant on each terminal of chain, the record of all messages automatically printed;
37) rate – the direction in which there is longitudinal axle of the air vehicle, expressed usually in degrees of the corner counted from the northern direction (true, magnetic, compass or conditional meridians);
38) orientation loss – situation in case of which the pilot (crew) cannot determine the location with the accuracy necessary for determination of flight course for the purpose of task performance on flight;
39) controlled airfield – airfield in which dispatching servicing of airfield movement is provided;
40) controlled flight – flight which is carried out in controlled airspace in the presence of air traffic control clearance and is provided with dispatching servicing;
41) uncontrollable airfield – airfield (except for temporary airfield) in which airdrome dispatching service is not organized;
42) alternative route – route which is chosen operators of air vehicles in cases when the main route is closed or when on it restrictions are introduced;
43) barometric height – flight height of rather isobaric surface of the atmospheric pressure established on scale of barometric altimeter;
44) arrival airfield – the airfield specified in flight plan and in task for flight as airfield of the planned landing;
45) primary radar – the radar-tracking system using echos;
46) uncertainty stage (unique word of INCERFA) – the situation which is characterized by uncertainty availability concerning safety of the air vehicle and persons which are on its board;
47) echeloning longitudinal – dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established time distances or to distance along track line;
48) height of the lower bound of clouds (further – VNGO) – distance down between land surface (water) and the lower bound of the lowest cloud cover. In case the lower bound of clouds cannot be determined, it is necessary to apply value of vertical visibility;
49) echeloning side – dispersion of air vehicles at one height on the established distance intervals or to angular displacement between their track lines;
50) vektoreniye (radar targeting) – ensuring navigation guidance of air vehicles by means of specifying of certain rates on the basis of use of watch system;
51) glide path – the profile of decrease in the air vehicle established for vertical targeting on final approach;
52) alert phase (unique word of ALERFA) – situation in case of which there is concern for safety of the air vehicle and persons which are on its board;
53) data link communication - the communication type intended for exchange of messages on air-ground data link;
54) communication "the dispatcher – the pilot" on air-ground data link (the reduced abbreviation in English of CPDLC (further – CPDLC)) - communicating device between the dispatcher and the pilot for the purpose of air traffic maintenance with use of air-ground data link;
55) dispatching information – information transferred by body of Department of Internal Affairs to aircraft crew about meteorological conditions, air picture, work of radio engineering and electrotechnical means, condition of airfields and other data necessary for flight execution;
56) dispatching specifying – the specifying of body of Department of Internal Affairs to the pilot (crew) of the air vehicle connected with task performance on flight and obligatory for execution;
57) air traffic control clearance – the permission issued by body of Department of Internal Affairs to aircraft crew, connected with flight execution and proved by the corresponding conditions and statutory rules of flights;
58) the dispatching recommendation – the recommendation to aircraft crew on taking measures, concerning flight execution, used at the discretion of crew;
59) particular case – the situation resulting from sudden refusal of aviation engineering or hit of the air vehicle in the conditions demanding from crew of accomplishment of non-standard actions for safety control of the air vehicle and passengers;
60) estimated arrival time:
in case of fly-by-wires - estimated arrival time of the air vehicle in the planned point designated by navaids with which accomplishment of maneuver of instrument landing approach is supposed, or, in the absence of the navaid connected with this airfield - arrival time of the air vehicle to point over airfield;
in case of accomplishment of flights on PVP - estimated arrival time of the air vehicle in point over airfield;
61) the dispatching area (CTA) - the controlled airspace stretching up from the border established over earth's surface;
62) dispatching servicing of approach – flight dispatch which are connected with arrival and departure of air vehicles from airfields (helidromes);
63) control office of approach – control office from which the body of Department of Internal Affairs provides dispatching servicing of controlled flights of the air vehicles which are arriving to one or several airfields or taking off from them;
64) urgency signal (ЬЬЬ – cable, "PAN PAN" – radiotelephone) – the international signal transmitted in cases of possible danger to the air vehicle and the passengers who are on it and crew;
65) No. 354 is excluded according to the Order of the Minister of the industry and infrastructure development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 03.06.2019;
66) track line – projection of flight path of the air vehicle to the Earth's surface which direction in any its point is usually expressed in degrees of the corner counted from the northern direction (true, magnetic or conditional) meridians;
67) visual meteorological conditions - the meteorological conditions expressed in sizes of visible range, distances to clouds and height of the lower bound of the clouds corresponding to the established minima or exceeding them;
68) visual flight – the flight which is carried out in conditions when the attitude of the air vehicle and its location is determined by the pilot (pilot) visually by the natural horizon and terrestrial reference points;
69) the visual flight rules (further – PVP) – rules in case of which the established intervals between air vehicles and other material objects in air by visual observation by the pilot of air picture are observed;
70) visibility – visibility for the aviation purposes represents the greatest of the following sizes:
the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify the black object of the acceptable sizes located near the earth in case of its observation on light background;
the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify fires luminous intensity about 1000 candelas (cd) on dark background;
70-1) cruising level - the echelon maintained during considerable part of flight;
71) calendar - the system of discrete time marking providing basis of determination of timepoint with resolution capacity in one day (ISO 19108);
72) difficult meteoconditions (further - SMU) - conditions under which the meteorological visibility constitutes 2000 meters and less and (or) height of the lower bound of clouds of 200 meters (650 feet) and below in case of their total quantity more than two octants;
73) the waiting area – the airspace of certain sizes established, as a rule, over RNT of the terminal area, (airline hub) for expectation by air vehicles of queue of aerodrome approach and/or landing approach;
74) expectation Item – the certain place identified by means of visual or other means near which there is air vehicle making flight according to air traffic control clearances;
75) the accepting body - the subsequent body of dispatching air traffic maintenance undertaking control of the air vehicle;
76) safe height – minimum admissible flight height guaranteeing the air vehicle against collision with earth's (water) surface or with obstacles in it;
77) rapprochement of air vehicles - the situation in which, according to the pilot or personnel of body of Department of Internal Affairs, distance between air vehicles (further - AF), and also their relative location and speed are that that data security of AF can be threatened is classified as follows:
risk of collision - category of situations when rapprochement of AF was resulted by serious collision hazard;
safety of flight was not guaranteed - category of situations when as a result of rapprochement of AF safety of this AF could be threatened;
risk of collision was absent - category of situations when as a result of rapprochement of AF there was no collision hazard;
the risk is not determined - category of situations with rapprochement of AF when lack of rather complete information, does not allow to determine the existing risk of collision, or not enough convincing data or the available data contradict each other and it does not allow to determine risk degree;
78) information on movement – information proceeding from body of Department of Internal Affairs for the warning of the aircraft commander of other known or observed air vehicles which can be near its location or the planned flight track, and helping crew to prevent near collision or collision;
79) base leg – the final stage of landing approach from point of exit to runway landing heading to landing point;
80) the scheme of inexact landing approach (the reduced abbreviation in English of NPA (further – NPA)) – instrument approach chart with use of side targeting, but without use of vertical targeting, intended for accomplishment of two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approaches like A.
Note: flights according to schemes of inexact landing approach can be carried out with use of method of continuous descent approach on terminal phase (the reduced abbreviation in English of CDFA (further – CDFA)). CDFA with advisory targeting of VNAV by the calculations executed by the aircraft equipment (see Item 1.8.1 of Chapter 1 of the Section 4 of part I of volume I PANS-OPS (Doc 8168)), are considered as three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches. CDFA reckon with non-automated calculation of required vertical velocity of decrease as two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approaches;
81) precision approach procedure (the reduced abbreviation in RA English (further – RA)) – the instrument approach chart based on use of navigation systems (ILS, MLS, GLS and SBAS of category I) intended for accomplishment of three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches like A or B;
82) intermediate approach segment - part of instrument approach chart between:
checkpoint of intermediate approach and checkpoint of final approach;
the end of the reversal procedure, the scheme "hippodrome" or track line laid by notation method, and final checkpoint (or point) landing approach;
83) initial approach segment – part of instrument approach chart between checkpoint of initial approach (the reduced abbreviation in English of IAF (further – IAF)) and checkpoint of intermediate approach (the reduced abbreviation in English of IF, further – IF) or checkpoint of final approach;
84) expected approach time – time when by calculations of body of Department of Internal Affairs the staying air vehicle leaves after delay expectation Item for landing approach;
85) final approach – part of instrument approach chart which begins in the established checkpoint of final approach and in the absence of such point – at the end of the last site of procedure turn, base-leg turn or turn on inbound track in the "hippodrome" scheme or in point of exit to the last track line in approach chart and comes to an end in point from which landing approach can be continued or go-around is begun;
86) alternate aerodrome – airfield on which the air vehicle follows if it is impossible or inexpedient to follow on arrival airfield or to make on it landing;
87) secondary surveillance radar (further – VORL) – the radar-tracking system in which the radio signal transferred by radar station causes transfer of answer-back radio signal by other station;
88) code of the defendant of VORL – the code appointed by body of Department of Internal Affairs and transferred to aircraft crew for installation on the transponder in the mode "A" or in the mode "C";
89) the maneuvering area – part of airfield, excepting platforms, intended for take-off, landing and taxing of air vehicles;
90) forced landing – aerodrome landing (landing site) or out of airfield for the reasons which are not allowing to execute flight according to the plan;
91) Item of obligatory reports (further – POD) – geographical point (reference point), radio navigational point (further – RNT) on airway, route, corridor about which flight the pilot reports to the dispatcher of body of Department of Internal Affairs;
92) the navigation specification - set of the requirements to the air vehicle and flight crew necessary for flight servicing in the conditions of the navigation based on characteristics within the established airspace;
93) the minimum fuel reserve – this term is used by aircraft crew (pilot) if the fuel reserve onboard the air vehicle does not allow to execute delay of the air vehicle, but does not mean emergency situation, and specifies possibility of emergency environment if the unexpected delay takes place;
94) transitional layer – airspace between height of transition and transition flight level in which flights of air vehicles in level flight condition are prohibited;
95) handling capacity – the maximum number of air vehicles which can be serviced for unit of time in certain part of airspace taking into account the factors influencing operational load of the dispatcher and safety control of accomplishment of flights;
96) the absolute altitude of transition - the absolute altitude at which or below which provision AF in the vertical plane is given in sizes of absolute altitude;
97) transition flight level - the low flight level which can be used for flight above the absolute altitude of transition;
98) providing the organization of activities on the platform - the servicing provided for regulation of activities and movement of air vehicles and vehicles on the platform;
99) radar targeting (vektoreniye) – ensuring navigation guidance of air vehicles by means of specifying of certain rates on the basis of use of data of the radar;
100) radar control – use of the radar for the purpose of provision to air vehicles of information and the messages concerning considerable variations from nominal flight path;
101) radar echeloning – the aircraft separation performed on the basis of the data on their location received from radar sources;
102) radio telephony - the radio communication type intended for exchange of information in speech form;
103) broadcasting – information transfer, the concerning air navigation which is not addressed to the specific station (or to stations);
104) broadcasting transfer (the reduced abbreviation in English of ATIS (further – ATIS)) – the regular broadcasting transfer intended for operational providing crews of air vehicles in the terminal area by necessary meteorological and flight data;
105) procedural servicing – method of air traffic maintenance without use of watch systems of Department of Internal Affairs;
106) procedural echeloning - echeloning which is applied when ensuring procedural servicing;
107) border of action of permission – boundary (Item, point), to which really air traffic control clearance issued to aircraft crew;
108) the recommendation about prevention of collision - the recommendation provided by body of air traffic maintenance concerning maneuvers for the purpose of assistance to the pilot in prevention of collision by provision of flight and information servicing;
109) onboard anticollision system (further – BSPS) – the onboard system based on use of signals of the VORL transponder which functions irrespective of ground equipment and provides to the pilot (pilot) information on conflict situation which the air vehicles equipped with VORL transponders can create;
110) the transferring body - the body of dispatching air traffic maintenance which is in process of transfer of responsibility for ensuring dispatching servicing of the air vehicle to the body of dispatching air traffic maintenance following on route;
111) airfield (marine aerodrome) mountain - the airfield (marine aerodrome) located on the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 meters (1650 feet) and more in radius of 25 kilometers from checkpoint of airfield (marine aerodrome) or located at the height of 1000 meters (3300 feet) and more above sea level;
112) the area mountain - the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 meters (1650 feet) and more in radius of 25 kilometers, and also the area with exceeding above sea level 2000 meters (6560 feet) and more;
112-1) weeds in the mode of permanent climb (CCO) - the flight provided with structure of airspace, configuration of the scheme and procedures of Department of Internal Affairs in the course of which the taking-off air vehicle carries out, continuous climb, using draft of engines, optimum for climb, and ascentional rate, before achievement of cruising level of flight;
112-2) weeds in the mode of permanent decrease (CDO) - the flight provided with structure of airspace, configuration of the scheme and procedures of Department of Internal Affairs in the course of which the arriving air vehicle decreases in the greatest possible degree constantly, using minimum thrust of engines, it is ideal in configuration of the smallest head resistance, to final checkpoint of calling on landings/points of final approach;
113) approach chart with vertical targeting (the reduced abbreviation in English of APV (further – APV)) – the instrument approach chart with use of side and vertical targeting but which is not meeting the requirements established for precision approaches and landings of the navigation based on characteristics (PBN), intended for accomplishment of three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches like A;
114) vertical separation – dispersion of air vehicles on height on the established intervals;
115) visibility vertical – the maximum distance from the Earth's surface to the level from which vertically objects on earth's surface are visible down;
116) the reduced minimum of vertical separation (the reduced abbreviation in English of RVSM (further – RVSM)) – the vertical separation spacing applied to aircraft separation, having the admission to flights using RVSM;
117) base-leg turn – the turn which is carried out by the air vehicle on initial approach between the termination of outbound track and the beginning of track line intermediate or final approach. The direction of these track lines are not opposite;
118) the place of expectation at the runway - the certain place intended for protection of the runway, the surface of restriction of obstacles or critical (sensitive) zone PMC (ILS) on which the driving air vehicles and vehicles stop and are expected if there is no other specifying from the relevant control office;
119) runway threshold – runway start of the segment which is used for landing of air vehicles;
120) exceeding of threshold of the runway – exceeding of surface of threshold of the runway above sea level;
121) flight information – information necessary for safe and effective implementation of flight, including information on air traffic, meteorological conditions, condition of airfield, route means and servicing;
122) the region of flight information – airspace of certain sizes within which flight and information servicing and the emergency notification is provided;
123) airfield – part of airfield on which one or several flying strips, taxiways are located (further – RD), platforms and platforms of special purpose;
124) flight track – the projection of the set (established) flight path of the air vehicle to earth's (water) surface determined by ports of reference;
125) air traffic control clearance in flight course - the conditional air traffic control clearance issued to the air vehicle by body of air traffic maintenance which does not exercise control of this air vehicle now;
126) flight height – distance down from certain level to the air vehicle. Depending on the level of zero reference datum differentiate heights: true (from the level of the point which is directly under the air vehicle), relative (from the level of threshold of the runway, level of airfield, relief vertex) and absolute (from sea-level);
127) flying strip – certain site of airfield of airfield which includes landing strip and end stopways (clear areas);
128) unauthorized departure on landing strip (further – the runway) – unauthorized occupation the air vehicle, the vehicle or the person of the runway;
129) aerodrome traffic circuit – the established route in the terminal area on which (or speak rapidly whom) climb after take-off, decrease for landing approach, holding, flight execution over airfield (landing site) is carried out;
130) visible range on landing strip (the reduced abbreviation in English of RVR (further – RVR)) – distance within which the aircraft pilot, being on center line of landing strip, can see marking signs on the surfaces of landing strip or fires limiting landing strip or the center line designating it;
131) flight level – surface of constant atmospheric pressure, carried to normal setting of pressure of 760 mm Hg (hPa 1013,2) and remote from other such surfaces at size of the established pressure intervals.
Note 1: The barometric altimeter graduated according to the standard atmosphere:
in case of installation on QNH will show absolute altitude;
in case of installation on QFE will show relative height over reference point of QFE;
in case of installation on pressure of 760 mm Hg/1013, of 2 hPa it can be used for specifying of flight levels.
Note 2: The terms "relative height" and "absolute altitude" used in the note 1, mean instrument, but not geometric relative and absolute altitudes;
132) landing strip – the certain rectangular site of flying strip of overland airfield prepared for landing and take-off of air vehicles;
133) control zone (CTR) - the controlled airspace stretching up from earth's surface to the established upper bound;
134) absolute/relative obstacle clearance altitude – the minimum absolute or minimum relative height over excess of the corresponding threshold of landing strip or over exceeding of airfield, used for ensuring compliance with the corresponding criteria of flight of obstacles;
135) reporting position – certain geographical reference point concerning which location of the air vehicle can be reported;
136) means of conference communication - the communicating device allowing to carry on direct conversation at the same time between three or more Items;
137) No. 354 is excluded according to the Order of the Minister of the industry and infrastructure development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 03.06.2019;
138) the absolute/relative altitude of decision making (further – VPR) – the established absolute or relative altitude in case of precision approach at which go-around shall be begun if the pilot does not come necessary visual contact with reference points for continuation of landing approach or provision of the air vehicle in space does not ensure safety of landing. Absolute VPR is counted from mean level of the sea, and relative VPR is counted from runway threshold level.
Note: The term "Necessary Visual Contact with Reference Points" means visibility of part of visual means or approach zone during the time sufficient for assessment by the pilot of location of the air vehicle and speed of its change in relation to nominal flight path;
139) surveillance radar – the radar equipment used for position determination of the air vehicle on range and azimuth;
140) echeloning - the general term meaning vertical, horizontal (longitudinal and side) dispersion of air vehicles in airspace on the established intervals;
141) the air vehicle allowed to flights with RVSM – the air vehicle which aid to navigation conforms to technical requirements to the minimum characteristics of onboard systems (MASPS), for flights in airspace of RVSM;
142) the airspace area with the mandatory requirement of availability of the defendant (transponder) (TMZ) - the airspace area of certain sizes in which when flying equipment of AF by the defendant for watch systems exploited according to the established procedures surely is required;
143) the airspace area with obligatory maintaining radio communication (RMZ) - the airspace area of certain sizes in which when flying availability onboard the equipment for the maintaining two-way radio communication operated according to the established procedures is obligatory;
144) identification - conditions under which the mark of location of AF is visible on the indicator of air picture and is identified.
5. Bodies of Department of Internal Affairs perform development and holding actions for air traffic maintenance within the regions (zones) of responsibility.
6. Air traffic maintenance is performed from control offices in the limits set for them borders.
7. Specialists of body of Department of Internal Affairs (service Department of Internal Affairs), in the work, are guided by technologies of work of dispatchers of body of Department of Internal Affairs (service Department of Internal Affairs) which are developed based on the standard technologies of work developed in the aeronautical organization and approved with authorized organization taking into account local features and conditions of each specific control office (sector) and include:
1) general provisions;
2) preparation for watch and watch acceptance;
3) procedures and conditions of coordination;
4) air traffic maintenance;
5) operations procedure in an emergency, the dangerous situations and equipment failures, contingencies connected with violation of Department of Internal Affairs.
8. The applied phraseology and rules of conducting radio exchange for the purposes of air traffic maintenance and accomplishment of flights is established by Rules of phraseology of radio exchange in case of accomplishment of the flights and air traffic maintenance approved by the order of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 15, 2010 No. 454 (it is registered in the register of regulatory legal acts for No. 6635).
9. Bodies of Department of Internal Affairs use the Universal coordinate time (further - UTC) and express time in hours and minutes of days, since the midnight. For the purposes of air navigation the Gregorian calendar is used.
10. Bodies of Department of Internal Affairs are equipped for hours which show time in hours, minutes and seconds and are well visible from each workplace.
11. Hours and other devices registering time in bodies of Department of Internal Affairs display time with accuracy within ±30 seconds from UTC. When using air-ground data link, hours and other devices registering time display time with accuracy within 1 second from UTC.
Verification of presence and qualities of data recording, the current time is carried out according to requirements of Rules of radio engineering flight servicing and the aviation telecommunication in civil aviation approved by the order of the Minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 29, 2017 No. 402 (registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts for No. 15554).
12. Bodies of Department of Internal Affairs report aboard air vehicles correct time at the request of aircraft crew. Time is given to within the closest half of minute.
13. The district dispatch center (Item) is designated, using the name of the settlement or city in which it is or geographical reference point.
Control offices of the terminal area are designated, using the name of airfield which they treat.
14. The Department of Internal Affairs organization (further - air traffic management) is performed according to requirements of the normative legal documents of the Republic of Kazakhstan regulating use of airspace, air traffic maintenance and activities of aircraft.
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