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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

of December 22, 1999 No. ZR-22

About flora

(as amended on 28-03-2018)

Accepted by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on November 23, 1999

Flora causes existence of the person and animals on Earth. It is national wealth and one of the most important bases of stable social, economic development and well-being of nation.

This Law establishes state policy of the Republic of Armenia in the field of evidence-based protection, protection, use and reproduction of natural flora.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in the Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

the plant which is on the verge of disappearance - rare species of plant which number of individuals is constantly reduced eventually;

afforestation - the artificial wood or forest belt pledged by saplings of forest breeds of trees which have reforestation, field-protecting, soil-protective and other value;

geographical prevalence - certain part of Earth within which the type of plant or vegetable community is widespread;

The Red List of plants - the summary document meeting the international requirements in which data on the status of the rare, being on the verge of disappearance plants and communities, on geographical prevalence, ecological conditions, biological features, the existing condition and measures for their preserving are entered;

botanical garden - organization of research, educational and cultural appointment where the live collections representing variety of world flora are grown up and researched;

flora - set of types of trees, bushes, grassy plants (including mosses, peat mosses, horsetail and ferns), and also seaweed, mushrooms, lichens and their communities under natural conditions;

the inventory of flora - system of data and documents on legal regime of objects of flora, their quantity and quality characteristic, condition, nature protection, cultural and economic values, geographical and administrative-territorial prevalence, resources and use;

flora object - all types of wild-growing plants, their communities, the place of growth, natural monuments, and also botanical gardens, arboretums, afforestations;

vegetable gene pool - set of heritable signs of type (types) of plant and their manifestations;

vegetable cover - covering of the geographical territory vegetation;

vegetable community - coexistence of plants on the homogeneous site of this territory and their interaction with each other and with environment;

vegetable resources - quantity of the types of plants and vegetable communities which are subject to use in certain geographical territory;

vegetation - set of variety of vegetable communities in this territory;

the arboretum - the garden created from decorative trees, bushes and the curling wood plants;

ecosystem - set of relations of plants, animals, microorganisms and conditions of their existence;

rare plant - the plant type which is seldom found in certain geographical territory;

genetically modified organism - the organism received by means of biotechnology, allocated with new properties which were not known in other organisms before;

biological technology - use of live organisms and biological processes in different areas;

ценофонд - the relation of types of plants causing integrity of vegetable community;

flora - set of variety of types of plants in certain geographical territory.

Article 2. The legislation regulating protection and use of flora

In the Republic of Armenia the public relations in the field of protection and use of flora are regulated by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, this Law and other legal acts.

Article 3. Tasks of the legislation on flora

The legislation regulating protection and use of flora in the territory of the Republic of Armenia provides the prevention of negative impact of the person on variety of types of plants (flora) and communities (vegetation) formed by them, places of their growth and balance of ecosystems.

The Republic of Armenia tasks of the legislation on flora is:

a) quantitative and high-quality ensuring preserving variety of flora, its gene pool and tsenofond, places of growth;

b) ensuring steady evidence-based use and reproduction of flora;

c) regulation of the relations in the field of use of flora;

d) protection of the rights of users and accomplishment of the obligations by them in the field of protection and use of flora.

Article 4. Objects of protection and use of flora

In the Republic of Armenia objects of protection of flora are all types of plants, vegetable communities (semidesertic, steppe, forest, meadow, wetland, etc.), places of their growth, and also botanical gardens, arboretums, afforestations and natural monuments of plant origin.

Subjects to use of flora are the types of plants and vegetable communities having scientific, food, pharmaceutical, technical, fodder and other industrial meaning.

Chapter 2. Gosudarsvtenny management in the field of protection, protection, use and reproduction of flora

Article 5. Competence of the Government of the Republic of Armenia

Treat competence of the Government of the Republic of Armenia in protection, protection, use and reproduction of flora:

a) implementation of state policy in the field of protection, protection, use and reproduction of flora;

b) approval of state programs in the field of protection, protection, use and reproduction of vegetable resources (daleegosudarstvenny programs);

c) establishment of preservation scheme and use of objects of flora;

d) approval of the list of objects of the vegetable resources which are subject to use, the size and procedure for collection of payment for use;

e) establishment of procedure for the organization and implementation of monitoring of flora;

e) establishment of procedure for maintaining inventory of flora;

g) approval of the Red List of plants and the list of the plants brought in it;

h) implementation of international cooperation;

i) other competences established by the legislation of the Republic of Armenia;

j) establishment of requirements to the sizes and specific structure of green zones of settlements.

State programs are performed by means of annual programs. The government represents the annual program which amount of financing is reflected in expenses of the government budget, as a part of the draft of the government budget to National Assembly.

Article 6. Competence of the state authorized body

To competence of the representative the Government of the Republic of Armenia of state body in the field of protection, protection, use and reproduction of flora in the Republic of Armenia (daleegosudarstvenny authorized body) belong:

a) development of state programs;

b) organization and implementation of the state accounting of flora;

c) approval of standard rates, rules of use of vegetable resources;

d) implementation of international cooperation within the competence;

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