of January 14, 1994 No. 1422-XII
The purpose and tasks of the water legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic are regulation of the relations in the field of use and protection of water resources (waters), prevention of ecologically harmful impact of economic and other activity on water objects and water management constructions and improvement of their condition, strengthening of legality in the field of the water relations.
The water relations in the Kyrgyz Republic are governed by this Law of the Kyrgyz Republic "About water" and published according to it others legislative and regulations of the Kyrgyz Republic. The land, forest, mountain, economic and property relations, and also the relations connected with conservation are regulated by the special legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic.
When implementing economic and other activity in the field of use and protection of water resources of the organization, the company, organization and citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic, foreign legal entities and citizens and stateless persons are guided by the following basic principles:
- priority of life and health of the person, providing favorable conditions for its work and rest;
- rational use and protection of waters;
- observance of requirements of the water legislation, inevitability of responsibility for their violations;
- publicity and close connection with the population and public organizations in the solution of tasks on use and protection of waters;
- the paid nature for use of water resources and water objects;
- international cooperation in the field of the water relations.
Set of all water objects occupied with them lands, including which are taken away under the water protection zones and strips and the water resources concentrated in them, makes the state water fund of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The rivers which are in its territory, lakes, glaciers, snow patches, swamps, other superficial sources, and also zones of concentration of underground, including medical and mineral and thermal waters belong to water objects of the Kyrgyz Republic.
All types of the surface and underground water concentrated in water objects belong to water resources of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The state water fund of the Kyrgyz Republic is property of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The property right to water fund in all territory of the state performs Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The water resources withdrawn in accordance with the established procedure from water objects can constitute property of legal entities and physical persons and stateless persons.
The actions in straight line or the latent form violating the right of state-owned property to water objects and water resources are prohibited.
The state water fund is intended for ensuring safety and renewal of water resources, satisfaction of drinking, economic and household, industrial, agricultural, energy, transport, recreational and other needs, ensuring activities of reserves, wildlife areas and the habitat of flora and fauna.
Protection of the state water fund consists in the planning and realization of package of measures directed to preserving waters, prevention, restriction and elimination of effects of pollution and depletion of waters.
Artificially created channels, conduits, water storage basins, ponds, other reservoirs with complex of the regulating, integrating, carrying out, clearing and other technical devices intended for regulation, use and protection of waters treat water management constructions of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Water management constructions can be state-owned property or property of legal entities and physical persons, and also the foreign persons and stateless persons who obtained in accordance with the established procedure the license for right to use by water resources.
Are within the competence of Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic in the water relations:
- implementation of the property right to the water fund which is in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic;
- development and enhancement of the water legislation, control of their execution;
- determination of state policy in the field of use and protection of waters;
- determination of the legal basis of regulation of the water relations;
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