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The document ceased to be valid since  November 30, 2015 according to Item 1 of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 31, 2015 No. 870

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of February 14, 2005 No. 141

About approval of Rules of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund

(as amended on 18-10-2013)

According to the Forest code of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 8, 2003, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan DECIDES:

1. Approve the enclosed Rules of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund.

2. Recognize invalid:

1) the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 13, 1995 No. 48 "About approval of Rules of cabins of the main use in the flat woods and the woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik of the Republic of Kazakhstan";

2) the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 6, 1996 No. 22 "About approval of Rules of cabins of the main use in the mountain woods of the Republic of Kazakhstan" (SAPP of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1996, No. 1, the Art. 6).

3. This resolution becomes effective from the date of signing.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan

D. Akhmetov

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 14, 2005 No. 141

Rules of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund

Section 1. General provisions

Chapter 1. Basic provisions

1. Rules of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund (further - Rules) determine, depending on types of cabins of the wood, the procedure, terms and methods of carrying out the cabins of the wood performed within the state forest fund of the Republic of Kazakhstan and are obligatory for all forest owners and forest users.

2. Rules are developed in relation to the flat woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik and the mountain woods of Kazakhstan.

3. The main objectives of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund (further - cabins of the wood) are:

1) continuous and unexhausted use of the wood and rational use of forest grounds;

2) increase in stability and productivity of the woods, their nature protection role;

3) preserving the forest circle and reproduction of the woods hozyaystvenno valuable breeds on cuttings down;

4) timely replacement of the plantings which reached age of ripeness and needing their rejuvenation;

5) ensuring needs for wood at the expense of forest resources.

4. Procurement of wood on sites of the state forest fund is performed according to the procedure of carrying out the following types of cabins of the wood:

1) the main use, carried out in ripe and overmatured forest stands;

2) intermediate use (cabins of care of the wood, selective sanitary cabins and cabins connected with reconstruction of invaluable forest plantings, and also the plantings losing protective, water preserving and other functions, cabins of single trees in young growths);

3) other cabins (continuous sanitary cabins; clearings of the forest areas in connection with construction of water-engineering systems, pipelines, roads; during the laying of glades, creation of fire-proof gaps; cleaning of liquid clutter; cabins for other purposes)

5. In these rules the following main terms and determinations are used:

1) the upper warehouse - the loading platform for switches or assortments located on cutting area or in close proximity to it where the prepared wood is exported from cutting area;

2) was dragged by trelevochny - specially prepared shortest way on cutting area on which hauling of the cut-down trees, switches or round assortments, providing preserving undergrowth, the soil and the remained trees on root is performed;

3) minor wood breed - the wood breed having smaller economical value in comparison with the main wood breed;

4) the selective cabin - the cabin of the main use in case of which part of the trees which reached ripe age, certain sizes, quality or condition is periodically cut down;

5) ashes - the site of the vegetation (including the wood) destroyed or considerably damaged by fire;

6) the main wood breed - wood breed which in certain vegetable and economic conditions most fully answers the purposes of forest management;

7) the mountain woods - the woods located within mountain systems and separate arrays with fluctuations of relative heights of the area more than 100 meters and average bias of surface from the bottom to top of ridges more than 5 degrees and also on plateaux and plateaus, irrespective of area bias size;

8) allotment - the part of cutting area intended for the rational organization of cabins of the wood, delimited in nature by viewfinders and delyanochny columns;

9) the long and gradual cabin - the cabin of the main use which is carried out in uneven-aged forest stands in which completeness of the trees which did not reach age of ripeness makes at least 0,4;

10) the voluntary and selective cabin - the cabin of the main use in case of which first of all trees, doty, overmatured, ripe with the slowed-down growth, for timely use of wood and preserving protective properties of the wood are cut down;

11) natural renewal - process of education of new generation of the wood in the natural way;

12) natural smasher - falling off of trees, their dying off in planting as a result of natural thinning of forest stand with age or other reasons;

13) intensity of cutting down - the share of inventory of forest stand or number of trees (as a percentage) chosen when carrying out the next acceptance of selective and gradual cabins and cabins of leaving;

14) the intrazonal woods - the woods which do not form independent zone and are only included in structure of the woods of one or several zones;

15) kulisny adjunction of cutting areas - adjunction of cutting areas in case of which the next cutting area is placed through wood strip, equal to the double or triple width of cutting area;

16) class of age of forest stand - the age interval applied to the characteristic of age structure of forest stands depending on breed;

17) site class - indicator of productivity of the wood. Depends on conditions of growth and it is determined by the average height and average age of trees of the main breed;

18) the forestry and landscape area - part of the territory with identical lesovodstvenno-technical methods of forest management and rather homogeneous natural and economic conditions;

19) young growth - the first age period of forest stand, since formation of undergrowth to polewood;

20) the direction of the cabin - the direction in which each subsequent cutting area is placed rather previous;

21) planting - the homogeneous site of the wood in certain borders consisting of the wood and accompanying it other forest vegetation (forest stand, underbrush, undergrowth and live ground cover);

22) planting vegetative (poroslevy) - the planting created from trees of vegetative origin (young growth from stub, root offsprings and layers);

23) planting radical - naturally created planting in the corresponding conditions of the habitat;

24) planting even-aged - planting of one age generation with availability of age difference of trees to two classes of age;

25) planting derivative - the planting created on site radical as a result of activities of the person or natural natural processes;

26) planting simple - planting in which trees form one tier;

27) planting uneven-aged - planting in which the forest stand consists of trees of different age generations with age difference two classes of age and more;

28) planting seed - the planting formed by trees of seed origin;

29) planting difficult - planting in which trees form two and more tiers;

30) the planting mixed - the planting consisting of two and more tree species;

31) direct adjunction of cutting area - relative positioning of cutting areas in case of which the next cutting area is placed near previous;

32) planting net - the planting consisting of one wood breed or with single impurity of other tree species;

33) the inundated woods - the woods growing in temporarily flooded river valleys;

34) completeness of forest stand - the relative indicator determined by ratio of the amounts of the areas of sections of trees actual and normal (with optimum completeness of 1,0 according to standard tables) plantings. In young growths it is determined by degree of density of wood bed curtains;

35) apiary - part of cutting area or allotment, from where trees, switches or assortments trelyutsya by vehicles on pasechny trelevochny I drag;

36) the gradual cabin - the cabin of the main use in case of which the ripe forest stand is cut down in stages during one or two classes of age;

37) preliminary forest regeneration - natural renewal under forest stand bed curtains (before carrying out cabins);

38) the prevailing wood breed - wood breed which as a part of apportionment forms the most part of its inventory or occupies the most part of its area;

39) adjunction of cutting areas - procedure for placement of cutting areas in forest quarter or the site of the ripe wood, in case of cabins of the main use (direct, cherespolosny, kulisny);

40) glade - the strips exempted from trees in the wood laid from for designation of borders of forest quarters;

41) the accompanying wood breed - the wood breed or bush promoting acceleration of growth and improvement of form of trunk of the main breed;

42) ripe forest stand - the forest stand which reached the established age of the cabin;

43) the continuous cabin - the cabin of the main use in case of which all forest stand on cutting area is cut down in one step;

44) cutting area adjunction term - time interval through which the next cutting area is appointed to the cabin in the attitude towards the first;

45) wood type - set of the sites with forest stands or plantings combined by homogeneous forest vegetation conditions, more or less general structure and other general components of forest community, unity of origin, similar history of development, general lesovodstvenny nature;

46) the tygai woods - the inundated woods growing in desert zone;

47) the strip continuous cabin - the cabin of the main use in case of which cutting area width for the purpose of the subsequent recovery of cuttings down due to their planting from wood walls is limited in the natural way;

48) cherespolosny adjunction of cutting area - adjunction of cutting areas in case of which the next cutting area is placed through wood strip width equal to cutting area width;

49) switch - the trunk of the cut-off tree cleared of boughs and branches;

50) tier - element of vertical structure (storeyed structire) of planting. In planting one are usually allocated or two (seldom more) tier;

51) stub - the radical part of tree which remained over the surface of the soil after it are shaky no more than 10 cm high (with diameter of trees no more than 30 cm) or 1/3 diameters of cut (with diameter of trees more than 30 cm).

Chapter 2. Procedure for preparation and condition of implementation of cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund

6. Cabins of the wood on sites of the state forest fund are performed taking into account the steepness and exposure of slopes.

On the steepness hillsides are subdivided:

Mountain woods

East

The Kazakhstan

areas

Mountain woods of the Almaty, Jambyl and Southern Kazakhstan regions

Woods of the Kazakhstan melkosopochnik Akmola, Karaganda, Pavlodar and

North Kazakhstan areas

Flat to 10 °

Sloping - 11 °

 - 20 °

Abrupt - 21 ° -30 °

 

 

Very abrupt - 31 ° and more

 

Flat to 10 °

Sloping - 11 ° -20 °

Abrupt:

the southern exposures - 21 ° -30 °

northern exposures - 21 ° -35 ° Very abrupt:

 

the southern exposures - 31 ° and more

northern exposures - 36 ° and more

Flat to 10 °

Sloping 11 ° -20 °

Abrupt 21 ° -30 °

 

 

Very abrupt - 31 ° and more

Treat slopes of northern exposures northern, northwest, northeast and east; the southern exposures - the southern, southwest, southeast and western slopes.

The steepness of slopes is determined from lower to the upper bound of apportionment if certain sites of slope do not differ on the steepness more than by 5 degrees. In case of difference in the steepness of separate pieces of slope more than 200 m long exceeding 5 degrees, and involving change of methods of the cabin for each of them the steepness is determined.

7. On stability degree against soil erosion of hillsides are subdivided on unstable - capacity to 70 cm and steady - capacity more than 70 cm.

8. The possible annual size and planning of cabins of the wood is determined by forest management materials taking into account subsequent changes.

9. Preliminary selection of sites of the wood under cabins in nature is made by the forest warden or according to its order the assistant to the forest warden. In case of detection of discrepancy of certain sites to data of the taxation description and tablets, the relevant amendments are made (with creation of acts) or they are excluded from the cabin.

10. Branch and valuations of cutting areas on sites of the state forest fund and branding of trees is made according to the Rules on branch and valuation of cutting areas on sites of the state forest fund approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 12, 2011 No. 1512, and the Rules of application of brands in the state forest fund approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 26, 2012 No. 852.

11. On each cutting area before carrying out preparatory work and its breakdown in nature the process chart in which specify methods of the cabin of the wood and hauling of wood, cleaning of places of cabins of felling remaining balance, method of reproduction of the wood is constituted; scheme of placement of forest roads, moustaches, volok, loading platforms, warehouse locations, parking of mechanisms and objects of servicing of workers; squares on which it is necessary to keep the undergrowth and young growth which are not subject to the cabin, trees with conservation zones, ant hills; requirements for protection of soils from erosion and to preserving the remaining part of forest stand.

12. Process charts are constituted by public institutions of forestry or the organizations under authority of which the state forest fund is (further - forest organizations) and affirm his director - the chief forest warden (further - the chief forest warden).

If sites of the state forest fund in long-term forest utilization for wood procurement are assigned to the forest user, in the amount of forest area, process charts on the cutting areas assigned to the forest user are developed by specialists of the forest user and are represented to the chief forest warden of forest organization issuing the logging ticket. If in the process chart departures from Rules of cabins are allowed, then on specifying of forest organization changes are made to it.

13. Development of cutting areas is made in strict accordance with the approved process charts and without fail put to the logging ticket.

14. Prior to felling works according to the process chart breakdown in nature of cutting areas on apiaries, otgranicheniye of loading platforms, warehouses, the main and pasechny volok, routes is made for the bearing ropes of trelevochny installations, cleaning of dangerous trees and other works.

In case of equal relief of apiary are delimited by rectilinear viewfinders. On sites of the apiaries which are strongly cut up by waterways and hollows of border can be curvilinear with preserving width established for them.

15. Cutting areas on the plain are pledged by the long party perpendicular to the dominating winds.

16. In mountain conditions sites under cabins of the wood are allocated taking into account land relief. The lines limiting the sites planned to the cabin are whenever possible combined with natural borders (watersheds, roads, breaks and other).

In cases of sharply crossed relief and lack of possibility of laying of cutting area across, they are allocated in parallel for waterways.

Simultaneous withdrawal of cutting areas on opposite slopes is allowed.

17. The process chart provides differentiation of cutting areas on apiaries and laying of volok (technological corridors) 3-5 m wide on the plain and 5-7 m in mountain areas. They are arranged taking into account bypass of natural obstacles (exits of stones, boggy sites, undergrowth curtains and so forth). At exit to glade drag it is necessary to arrange with curves width on plains up to 7 m and in mountain conditions to 9 m Otboyny trees on their corners should be protected from mechanical damages special casings or welded forks.

In the mountain woods, on slopes the steepness over 25 °, are rational to make streaming method of laying of volok for the tractor by means of bulldozers.

18. In natural forest stands as technological corridors, first of all the available roads, glades, footpaths and open intervals between trees are used. In case of their sufficiency on the site of cabins of the wood, technological corridors are not cut through.

19. Places of warehousing of the cut-down trees and the prepared assortments and loading points of wood are located whenever possible at roads and quarter glades, on glades, glades and others uncovered the wood lands.

It is forbidden to place drag also loading platforms within especially protective sites and on bed of water currents.

20. The technological network of volok and loading points will be organized taking into account their repeated use when carrying out other types and acceptances of cabins of the wood and forestry and landscape actions.

21. Check of preparatory work on cabins of the wood is made in nature on each forest area and land ownnership by workers of the state forest protection to the beginning of cabins.

In verification process site compliance to the approved plan for the area, age, structure of forest stand and type of cabins of the wood comes to light. Quality of natural works on restriction of sites (care of the pro-cabin and clearing of viewfinders where it is necessary, availability on corners of columns with the corresponding texts, etc.), correctness of accomplishment of taxation works is established: separation of trees into high-quality categories, establishment of categories of heights and choice of assortment tables, recouples of trees, material and money value of cutting areas.

Section 2. Cabins of the main use on sites of the state forest fund

Chapter 3. General provisions

22. Cabins of the main use are carried out in ripe and overmatured forest stands of category of the state forest fund "the field - and the soil-protective woods" and in the inundated deciduous forest stands renewing in the poroslevy way, categories of the state forest fund "forbidden strips of the woods on coast of the rivers, lakes, water storage basins, channels and other water objects".

Depending on categories of the state forest fund, conditions of the habitat, biological features of tree species, age structure, completeness of plantings, the steepness and exposure of slopes, stability of soils against erosion, availability and condition of undergrowth of the main breeds, according to these rules restrictions to destination in separate plantings of cabins of the main use are set.

23. In the categories of the state forest fund specified in Item 22 of these rules especially protective sites (further - the RAM) are allocated where cabins of the main use are not appointed:

1) edges of the wood 100 m wide, and in island borons and saksaulnik - 200 m on borders with steppe, desert and other woodless (not forest) spaces, the sites of the wood to 100 hectares located among woodless spaces (the kolochny woods do not belong to the RAM);

2) the sites of the wood growing within ravines and beams on easily washed away and removed soil, including sites of very dry types of the wood at tops of sandy hillocks, wet types of the wood (except the floodplain) forest-steppe and steppe zones, and also strip 100 m wide on perimeter of these sites;

3) sites of the wood in radius of 1 km around sanatoria, rest houses, boarding houses, school and mountaineering camps, tourist centers and other medical and improving institutions, and also mineral sources used in the medical and improving purposes or having perspective value around rural settlements and settlements of city type if forest-park parts of green zones are not allocated; the oases, wells and wells serving for water supply and around places of watering place of the cattle in sandy deserts;

4) protective strips of the wood 500 m wide from each party of gas pipelines and oil pipelines in sandy deserts;

5) sites of the wood in radius of 300 m around glukhariny currents, strip 50 m wide in the deciduous inundated woods on both coast of the rivers occupied by beavers;

6) sites of the wood with availability of the relic and endemic breeds having scientific and historical value, and also the sites of the wood which are carrying out special forestry and landscape purpose (forest seed, orekhoplodovy, melliferous, reference and plus plantings, conservation zones in radius of 50 m around plus trees, genetic wildlife reserves, the permanent trial areas with the conservation zone around them to 50 m and others);

7) strips of the wood 100 m wide along brows of breaks, taluses, landslides, and also sites of the wood growing on the square which at least one third it is provided by exit to surface of stones and rocky exposures, strip of the wood 100 m wide on perimeter of these sites;

8) sites of the wood on slopes the steepness of 30 degrees and more, irrespective of their exposure in the flat woods and the woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik;

9) sites of the wood growing on slopes the steepness 3 degrees and more in Kalbinsky uplands, Ore Altai, Southern Altai and Saure. On the southern slopes the steepness 31 degrees and more, on northern slopes the steepness of 36 degrees and more in Northern Tien Shan and Zhongarsk of Ala Tau;

10) the woods on the recultivated pits and dumps;

11) strips of the wood 250 m wide in each party from routes of tourist routes and tracks;

12) the strips of the wood 200 m wide located along crests and lines of watersheds on reservoir borders the area over 2,5 of one thousand hectares in case of the steepness of the slopes forming crests of watersheds more than 20 degrees;

13) the wood strips in the mountain area 200 m wide located along the upper bound with woodless spaces;

14) strips of the wood 150 m wide along permanent beds of avalanches and 300 m wide along beds of mud streams.

24. Cabins of the main use are also not appointed in plantings with dominance of valuable, rare, endemic and disappearing tree species (pine cedar, ash-tree charynsky, oak pedunculate, walnut, junipers, Semenov's maple, turanga, saxaul white, framework, cherkeza, birch bark, acacias white, honeylocust, alder, mountain ash, the sucker, apple-tree, pear, apricot, pistachio, mulberry, almonds, cherry) and other breeds included in the Red List, all bushes except willow shrub formations, grebenshchik and acacia yellow.

25. With other things being equal plantings to the cabin of the main use are appointed in the following sequence:

1) the sites of the ripe and overmatured wood requiring the cabin on condition, the nedoruba and unused cutting areas of last years, plantings which came out tapping;

2) the disturbed and low-half-musical plantings (completeness 0, - - 0,4) under which bed curtains there is satisfactory renewal of the main breed;

3) the deciduous woods losing poroslevy capability;

4) two-level plantings with completeness of ripe part of the first tier of 0,3 above, and the second - is at least 0,4;

5) plantings with completeness of 0,3-0,5, under bed curtains of which there is satisfactory or unsatisfactory renewal (on scale) the main breed, on condition of creation of preliminary cultures or forest cultures on cutting down within 1-2 years after the cabin;

6) the net and mixed uneven-aged plantings with completeness of 0,5 above;

7) overmatured plantings;

8) other ripe plantings.

Chapter 4. Cabins of the main use on sites of the state forest fund in the flat woods and the woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik

26. On forest vegetation conditions the flat woods and the woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik are subdivided on:

1) kolochny woods of forest-steppe and steppe zones;

2) woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik: pine and deciduous;

3) the southern suburbs of the kolochny woods on melkosopochnik;

4) the southern suburbs of the kolochny woods on plains;

5) tape borons;

6) island pine woods;

7) desert woods;

8) intrazonal woods: inundated and tygai woods.

27. In the flat woods and the woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik of the cabin of the main use continuous strip and voluntary and selective cabins are carried out.

28. In plantings of the southern suburbs of the kolochny woods on melkosopochnik and on plains of the cabin of the main use are not carried out owing to their high intravital role and difficulty of reproduction. In them only cabins of care of the wood and sanitary cabins are appointed. On the squares which left from under continuous sanitary cabins forest cultures in the first year after cabins are created.

1. Kolochny woods of forest-steppe and steppe zones

29. In the radical kolochny woods of forest-steppe and steppe zones on sites of the wood more than 5 hectares, irrespective of availability of undergrowth and completeness of forest stand, continuous strip cabins are carried out.

Cutting area width - to 40 m or no more double height of planting, length of cutting area is limited to the sizes of quarter, the area - no more than 5 hectares, adjunction - kulisny (through 2-3 cutting areas). With width of apportionment less than 100 m adjunction cherespolosny (through one cutting area), adjunction term - 2 years. Year of the cabin does not join adjunctions in time (the table 1, Item 1. 1).

Cutting areas are pledged by the long party perpendicular to the dominating winds. The direction of the cabin - against the dominating winds.

On the vetroudarny party of array the protective strip within width of cutting area which is cut down in 2 years after cutting down of the last cutting area is left.

In splittings less than 5 hectares, irrespective of completeness of forest stand and availability of undergrowth, for the purpose of preserving their protective influence continuous strip cabins are carried out to 2 acceptances. In the first acceptance its zavetrenny half is cut down. The second half splitting is chosen after the term necessary for satisfactory renewal of cutting down and achievement by the undergrowth of height of more 1,5 of m.

In case of unsatisfactory renewal of the cut-down part splitting on it forest cultures are created; the second half of planting is appointed to the cabin in three years after their landing.

30. In inundated deciduous forest stands where cabins of the main use are resolved, width of cutting area is established no more than 25 m, with arrangement of the long party perpendicular to bed of the river or coastal edge of the lake. Maksimalnaya Ploshchad of cutting area - 1,5 of hectare. The direction of the cabin - against the current the river or the dominating winds (the table 1, Item 1. 2). The adjunction of cutting areas cherespolosny (through one cutting area), adjunction term - 2 years, and year of the cabin does not join adjunctions in time.

31. In thickets of acacia yellow natural origin, or remained in plantings of artificial origin after death of the main breed, clear-cutting cabins are carried out. Width of cutting areas - to 40 m, adjunction direct with for a period of 2 years (the table 1, Item 1. 3).

32. Optimum terms of carrying out cabins for education overgrew in the kolochny woods - since October to the middle of April. In case of procurement of the wood the split of stub and rubdown of its bark is not allowed. Terms of the cabin are not limited if on cutting down in subsequent forest cultures are created.

2. Pine woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik

33. In the pine woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik voluntary and selective and clear-cutting cabins are made.

Voluntary and selective cabins are carried out in the simple and difficult, net and mixed even-aged and uneven-aged plantings of pine of wet, fresh and dry types of the wood with completeness of 0,6-1,0, of all exposures by the steepness of 21-30 degrees growing on slopes (the table 2, Items 2. 1, 2.2) and in the same plantings of the dry types of the wood growing on slopes of all exposures by the steepness of 0-20 degrees (the table 2, Item 2. 4).

In forest stands with completeness of 0,8-1,0 20-25 percent of inventory, and in plantings with completeness of 0,6-0,7 - 15-20 percent are chosen. In all cases completeness of forest stand does not decrease less 0,5. The area of cutting areas is up to 10 hectares.

The subsequent acceptances of the cabin are carried out in process of achievement of completeness of simple forest stands of 0,6 and more or forming of difficult planting with completeness of the first tier of 0,3 above and the second with completeness for young growths - at least 0,4, middle-aged - 0,3.

34. Clear-cutting cabins are carried out in the simple net and mixed even-aged and uneven-aged plantings of the fresh and wet types of the wood growing on slopes of all exposures by the steepness to 20 degrees. In plantings with insufficient renewal of pine they are carried out with creation of pine cultures in the first 2 years.

Width of cutting areas is no more than 40 m, the area - to 2 hectares. Adjunction term - 5 years, apart from year of the cabin. Adjunction of cutting areas direct. Cutting areas are pledged by the long party perpendicular to the dominating winds, on slopes the steepness more than 10 degrees across, the direction of the cabin from top to down on slope (the table 2, Item 2. 3).

3. Deciduous woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik

35. In the deciduous woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik clear-cutting and voluntary and selective cabins are carried out.

In radical birch forests and aspen forests completeness of 0,3 - 1,0 irrespective of undergrowth availability, and also in derivative forest stands without undergrowth of pine carries out clear-cutting cabins (the table 3, Items 3. 1, 3.2) according to Items 29, 32 these rules. Maksimalnaya Ploshchad of cutting area is established taking into account the steepness of slope and size splitting - to 2 hectares. On slopes the steepness more than 10 degrees they are pledged by the long party on horizontals, the direction of the cabin from top to down on slope. In derivative plantings in the first year after the cabin cultures of pine are created. Adjunction term - 3-5 years after their landing.

36. In derivatives the forest stands and net deciduous plantings mixed with pine with satisfactory pine undergrowth voluntary and selective cabins on the technology provided in Item 24 of Rules are appointed. At the same time the aim of replacement of deciduous breeds by coniferous is pursued. Repeatability of acceptances - 15 years, the area of cutting areas is up to 10 hectares (the table 3, Item 3. 3).

4. Island pine woods

37. In the island pine woods voluntary and selective and clear-cutting cabins are carried out.

Voluntary and selective cabins are carried out in the simple and difficult, net and mixed even-aged and uneven-aged pine plantings with completeness of 0,6-1,0 in dry conditions of the habitat (the table 4, items 4. 1,4.2).

In simple and difficult forest stands with completeness 0, intensity of selection on inventory makes 25-30 percent, with completeness of 0,6-0,7 - 15-20 percent.

When carrying out voluntary and selective cabins completeness of forest stand does not decrease less 0,5.

The subsequent acceptances of cabins are carried out in process of achievement of completeness of simple forest stands of 0,6 and more or forming of difficult plantings with completeness of the first tier of 0,3 above, and the second with completeness for young growths - is at least 0,4, middle-aged - 0,3.

In difficult plantings voluntary and selective cabins are carried out by thinning of ripe part. In case of completeness of the second tier of 0,4 and more from the first tier it can be chosen to 50 percent of its inventory, and in case of completeness of 0,3 - 30 of percent.

The maximum area of cutting areas is up to 10 hectares.

38. In simple and difficult uneven-aged, net and mixed with the second tier from pine irrespective of undergrowth availability in fresh and wet types of the wood continuous strip cabins are carried out (the table 4, Items 4.3; 4. 4).

In uneven-aged plantings to cutting down only trees of ripe and overmatured generations of the wood are appointed.

Width of cutting area is 40 m, the area - to 2 hectares. Adjunction of cutting areas 5 years, direct with term, apart from year of the cabin. The direction of cutting areas - perpendicular to the dominating winds, the direction of the cabin - against the dominating winds.

In plantings with insufficient renewal of pine they are carried out with creation of pine cultures in the first two years.

39. In deciduous plantings of the island pine woods of the cabin of the main use are carried out according to the standard rates and technology provided in the deciduous woods of the Kazakh melkosopochnik.

5. Desert, inundated and tygai woods

40. In plantings of black saxaul, soils, growing on steady against wind erosion (loamy, clay, takyrovidny), clear-cutting cabins with cleaning of both black, and white saxaul are carried out.

Width of cutting areas is up to 75 m. Adjunction method - cherespolosny, adjunction term - 3 years. The left strips are appointed to the cabin in the presence on earlier cut down strips more than 500 pieces to 1 hectare of undergrowth of saxaul at the age of 3-5 years or in 3-4 years after creation of forest cultures in case of the quantitative normative indices providing their transfer in covering with the earth wood (the table 5, Item 5. 1).

In the saksaulnik planned under cabins of the main use counting upon natural renewal, pasturage of the cattle stops in 5 years prior to the cabin and is not carried out within 5 years after the cabin.

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If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SoyuzPravoInform LLC.