It is registered
Ministry of Justice
On November 5, 2014 No. 34558
of September 17, 2014 No. 642n
About approval of Rules on labor protection during the handling works and cargo placement
According to article 209 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation (Russian Federation Code, 2002, No. 1, Art. 3; 2006, No. 27, Art. 2878; 2009, No. 30, Art. 3732; 2011, No. 30, Art. 4586; 2013, No. 52, the Art. 6986) and subitem 5.2.28 of the Regulations on the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 19, 2012 No. 610 (The Russian Federation Code, 2012, No. 26, Art. 3528; 2013, No. 22, Art. 2809; No. 36, Art. 4578; No. 37, Art. 4703; No. 45, Art. 5822; No. 46, Art. 5952; 2014, No. 21, Art. 2710; to No. 32, of the Art. 4499), I order:
1. Approve Rules on labor protection during the handling works and cargo placement according to appendix.
M. A. Topilin
to the Order of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of September 17, 2014 No. 642n
1. Rules on labor protection during the handling works and cargo placement (further - Rules) establish the state normative requirements of labor protection in case of accomplishment of handling works and cargo placement.
Rules are obligatory for execution by employers - the legal entities and physical persons irrespective of their forms of business and patterns of ownership which are carrying out handling works and cargo placement, except for employers - the physical persons who are not individual entrepreneurs.
2. The employer provides control of observance of Rules.
On the basis of Rules the employer develops instructions for labor protection which affirm the local regulation of the employer taking into account opinion of the relevant trade-union organ or other representative employees of representative body (in the presence).
3. In cases when requirements of labor protection imposed to production rooms, the organization of workplaces, operation of the equipment and the tool and also under the organization and implementation of engineering procedures are not provided by Rules, it is necessary to be guided by requirements of the corresponding regulatory legal acts containing the state normative requirements of labor protection and also requirements of technical documentation of manufacturing plants of the equipment and tool.
4. The choice of means of collective and individual protection is made taking into account safety requirements for each specific work types and professions.
5. Workers aged not more young than 18 years which had obligatory preliminary medical examination, training in labor protection and examination of requirements of labor protection according to the procedure, established by the federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of work are allowed to accomplishment of handling works and cargo placement.
6. The workers having the certificate on the works right are allowed to accomplishment of handling works and cargo placement using hoisting machines.
7. Employers and their associations have the right to establish the requirements of labor protection in case of accomplishment of handling works and cargo placement improving working conditions of workers.
Requirements of labor protection imposed to production rooms
8. In case of operation of buildings and constructions it is forbidden:
1) to exceed maximum loads on floors, overlappings and platforms. On walls, columns of the buildings and constructions intended for warehousing and cargo placement texts about size allowed on floors, overlappings and maximum platforms of loads are placed;
2) to punch openings in overlappings, beams, columns and walls without written permission of persons responsible for the correct operation, safety and repair of buildings and constructions.
Requirements of labor protection imposed to the organization of workplaces
9. In case of placement of vehicles on handling platforms between the vehicles standing one after another (in column), the distance at least 1 m is established, and between the vehicles standing in a row (on the front), - m 1,5 suffices.
If vehicles are placed for loading or unloading near the building, then between the building and back board of the vehicle the interval of at least 1,5 of m is established.
The distance between the vehicle and stack of freight shall make at least 1 m.
10. Hoisting machines are established so that in case of load lifting the inclined provision of cargo ropes was excluded and the gap of at least 0,5 of m over meeting on the way of movement of freight by the equipment, freight stacks was provided.
11. Handling works in the conservation zone of power line are performed in the presence of the written permission of the owner of power line.
Installation and operation of cranes of boom type in the conservation zone of power line or at distance less than 30 m from extreme wire of power line are performed only according to the work permit in the presence of person responsible for safe works.
12. In case of installation of the crane managed from floor easy access for the worker managing it on all traffic route of the crane is provided.
13. Before performance of works on permanent platforms preparation of workplaces for work is carried out:
1) the handling platform, passes and drives are exempted from foreign objects, holes are liquidated, ruts, slippery places fall down antiskid means (for example, sand or small slag);
2) the serviceable condition of elevators, hatches, ladders in the storage facilities located in cellars and semi-basements is checked and provided;
3) illumination of workplaces, safe for performance of works, is provided;
4) inspection of workplaces is performed.
The worker reports about the shortcomings and defects revealed before works to the direct works manager.
It is allowed to get to work after accomplishment of preparatory activities and elimination of all shortcomings and defects.
14. Upon termination of works workplaces need to be put in order, to clear the way and drives.
Requirements of labor protection imposed to operation of the equipment and tool
15. Before using the equipment and the tool in work, it is necessary to be convinced by external survey of their serviceability, during the work with electric equipment - available protective grounding.
16. Use the removable load gripping devices corresponding on load-carrying capacity to the mass of the lifted freight to production of handling works.
17. It is not allowed to use defective hoisting machines and mechanisms, hooks, removable load gripping devices, carts, stretcher, sleg, are sloping, loma, picks, shovels, hooks (further - the equipment and tools).
18. Removable load gripping devices (hoisting slings, rings, loops) are not allowed to operation at which:
1) there are cracks;
2) are absent or marking labels are damaged;
3) koush are deformed;
4) there are cracks on opressovochny plugs;
5) there are rope shifts in zapletka or plugs;
6) are damaged or there are no braids or other protective elements in the presence of speakers of the ends of wire at the place of zapletka;
7) hooks have no safety locks.
19. Handling works using hoisting machines are performed on process charts, projects of works according to requirements of federal regulations and rules of industrial safety.
Hoisting machines are established on platforms with hard and equal surface. Establish the crane of boom type, the elevator (tower) for work on the svezhenasypanny not stamped soil, and also on the platform with the bias exceeding specified in technical documentation of manufacturing plant it is not allowed.
20. Handling works with the help of the hoisting machine are performed in the absence of people in cabin of the loaded or unloaded vehicle, and also in production sites of handling works, except for the slingers and persons having a direct bearing on the performed works.
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