Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2022 SojuzPravoInform LLC


of January 14, 2004 No. ZR-14

About mass information

(as amended on 18-06-2022)

Accepted by People's Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on December 13, 2003

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Law

This law governs the relations arising in the field of mass media and establishes guarantees of ensuring right to liberty of the word, accreditation of the journalist, realization of the right of confutation and the answer to spread information, and also those bases in the presence of which osushchestvitel of information activities will not be subject to responsibility.

Article 2. Legislation on mass information

The relations arising in the field of mass information are regulated by the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, international agreements of the Republic of Armenia, the Civil Code of the Republic of Armenia, this law, other laws, and also other legal acts on which basis and in the established framework these relations are governed.

Article 3. Basic concepts

For the purposes of this law:

1) Mass information (further - information) - distribution of information available to any number of people which main objective - ensuring constitutional right of the person is free, irrespective of frontiers to look for, receive and distribute information and the ideas.

Information extends by means of mass media.

2) Mass media (further - media) means of distribution of information, on subscription or without that, on paid or free basis:

- on the material carrier - is issued periodically, has the permanent name, the future issue and date of issue, and number of copies of release, having identical content, there shall be at least 100;

- by means of TV and radio broadcasting;

- by means of public telecommunication network (network mass media) - as information amount available to any number of people, irrespective of regularity of its updating, storage duration and other parameters;

- by means of the website having on the Internet the registered domain, hosting and containing the data specified regarding the 4th article 11 of this Law.

Media are also regular transfers of news agencies, other organizations of this sort directed to implementation of information activities, irrespective of form of distribution, quantity of the issued copies or any other criteria.

3) Osushchestvitel of information activities - legal entity or physical person, including the business owner who on its own behalf extends media.

If the osushchestvitel of information activities in the Republic of Armenia performs separate stages of these activities together with other subjects (the distributor, the publisher, etc.) on contractual basis, then these subjects in the context of this law are not osushchestvitel of information activities.

4) the Journalist - the physical person performing information activities or the representative of osushchestvitel of information activities who looks for collects, receives, prepares information and edits it based on the employment or civil contract concluded with osushchestvitel of information activities.

5) Not identifiable source - the website having the domain registered on the Internet, hosting, either profile or the channel or the page of the website or appendix (further - source), identification data disposing which persons are absent either obviously false or incomplete if this shortcoming does not allow to identify person disposing of source. Identification data of the disposing person is the name, surname of the physical person disposing of source, the residential address or accounting; if it performs information activities as the individual entrepreneur, then also number of the state accounting and if the legal entity - full name, form of business, registration number of the legal entity disposes of source.

Article 4. Guarantees of ensuring right to liberty of the word in the field of information

1. Osushchestviteli of information activities and journalists are equal and act freely on the basis of the principles of legality, freedom of expression (statement) and pluralism of opinions.

The journalist during the professional legal activity as the contractor of social duty, is under protection of the legislation of the Republic of Armenia.

2. Media extends without advance or current state registration, declaring in any state body or notifications of any body.

Licensing of TV and radio broadcasting is performed according to the legislation of the Republic of Armenia on television and radio.

3. Are prohibited:

1) censorship;

2) coercion of osushchestvitel of information activities and the journalist to distribution of any information or to refusal in its distribution;

3) preventing of professional legal activity of the journalist;

4) restrictions in the civil circulation of the equipment and materials necessary for distribution of information;

5) restriction of the right of the personality for use of any sources of information including published and widespread in other countries.

Article 5. Protection of sources of information

1. Osushchestviteli of information activities and journalists shall not disclose information source, except as specified, provided by part 2 of this Article.

2. Osushchestvitel of information activities, and also the journalist, can be shall disclose information source by a court decision in cases of investigation of criminal case about heavy or especially serious crime, - if need of protection of public concerns is more important, than public interest in concealment of source of information and all alternative remedies of public concerns are exhausted. In this case, according to the petition of the journalist judicial investigation is performed behind closed doors.

Article 6. Accreditation of the journalist

1. Osushchestvitel of information activities for accreditation of the journalist has the right to address to state bodies.

Accreditation of the journalist performing information activities in state bodies is subject to variation if person performing information activities did not fulfill the requirement, stipulated in Article 11 or part 2 of article 12 of this Law. Other bases for refusal in accreditations or its terminations can be established according to the procedure of accreditation of journalists in the relevant state body.

The state body shall according to this law and procedure for accreditation of journalists in this body in five-day time to make accreditation of the journalist.

Lack of procedure for accreditation is not the refusal basis to the journalist in accreditation.

2. In state bodies, the organizations procedure for accreditation of journalists are the internal act of data of bodies and organizations in which are established:

1) requirements imposed on media in case of which observance his journalist will be accredited (type of media, the distribution territory, circulation, etc.);

2) rules of the organization of work of the accredited journalist, including conditions aimed at providing efficiency of its work;

3) the requirements following from features of activities of this body.


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