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of July 17, 2014 No. 152

(The last edition from 30-11-2018)

The parliament accepts this code.

Section I. General provisions

Chapter I. Field of regulation

Article 1. Code purpose

This code establishes the legal basis of the relations connected with planning, the organization, functioning and educational development in the Republic of Moldova.

Article 2. Legal basis of education

(1) Legal relations in the field of education are governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, this code both another acting legislative and regulations.

(2) Legal relations in the field of education are governed by also international acts: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Articles of organization of the United Nations, the European convention on human rights protection and fundamental freedoms, the European social charter, the Convention of the UN on the child's rights, the Framework convention on protection of ethnic minorities, the Convention of UNESCO on fight against discrimination in the field of education, the Convention of the UN on the rights of disabled people, the International convention on liquidation of all forms of racial discrimination, the Convention of the UN on liquidation of all forms of discrimination against women, the Bologna declaration, and also other international treaties which party is the Republic of Moldova.

Article 3. Basic concepts

For the purposes of of this Code the following basic concepts mean:

the equivalent education document – the education document received according to the similar educational scheme in the country or abroad;

educational alternatives – the organizations or the training program and professional training differing from traditional, but conforming to the state educational standards;

frame of qualifications – the qualification categories determining the level of knowledge and professional competences which graduates of different levels of professional education for occupation shall have the received profession;

the regular pedagogical worker – the person borrowing pedagogical (in the higher education – pedagogical and scientific and pedagogical) position, performing the main activities in one educational institution and included in the staff list of this organization;

support pedagogical personnel – the qualified specialists in the field of pedagogics, psychopedagogics and special psychopedagogics giving psychopedagogical help to children with special educational needs;

quality of education – set of characteristics of the educational program and its organizers who satisfy the consumer expectations following from the quality standards;

the model center – the organization of vocational training with high potential performing functions as in the field of the organization of the combined programs of professional training, and in the field of development of capacity of system of vocational training;

the communitarian educational center – multipurpose organization of educational orientation;

special educational needs – educational needs of the child/pupil/student needing the training adapted for specific features or characteristics of physical disabilities or violations of development and also specific intervention by means of the relevant rehabilitation or recovery activities;

certification – process of the formal confirmation, as a result of standard assessment procedure, the competences received in the context of formal, informal and informalny education;

training cycle – the sequence of education and training in the field of secondary general and higher education which is characterized by certain duration and coming to the end with the corresponding final assessment with assignment on circumstances, professional qualification and/or rank, and also issue of the relevant document on education;

classes of simultaneous training – the mixed initial classes consisting at most of two cool structures (as a rule, I–III, II–IV) in which direct work with pupils of one class is combined with independent work of pupils of other class, providing realization of educational process according to the appropriate training programs;

educational complex – the educational institution meeting necessary conditions for transfer in it of children and pupils of different age on preschool, initial and gymnasia levels;

consortium – merging of the educational institutions and organizations performing educational, research, razrabotochny, innovative, art and creative activities on the basis of the partnership agreement signed according to the current legislation;

translated test unit (credit) – the conditional quantity appropriated to each discipline or the type of activity provided by the curriculum, expressing amount of the labor costs of the student necessary for achievement of the minimum level of the planned tasks and purposes of training;

adapted куррикулум – куррикулум subject matter, correlated with potential of the child or pupil with special educational needs without change of the educational purposes;

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