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The document ceased to be valid since  June 2, 2015 according to article 68 of the Law of Turkmenistan of  May 23, 2015

LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of December 14, 2002 No. 157-II

About protection of public health

(as amended of the Law of Turkmenistan of 29.08.2013)

This Law according to the social and economic strategy of the President of Turkmenistan Great Saparmurat Turkmenbasha is aimed at providing constitutional right of citizens on health protection.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Protection of public health

Protection of public health is understood as the activities directed to implementation of social and economic, cultural, scientific, treatment-and-prophylactic, medical and improving, medico-social, sanitary and hygienic, anti-epidemic, pharmaceutical and other actions for the purpose of preserving and strengthening of physical and mental health of each person, maintenance of his long, active life.

Article 2. Legislation of Turkmenistan on protection of public health

The legislation of Turkmenistan on protection of public health is based on the Constitution of Turkmenistan and consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts in the field of protection of public health.

Article 3. State policy in the field of protection of public health

State policy in the field of protection of public health is directed on:

- ensuring single state policy in the field of protection of public health;

- realization of the right of citizens to health protection;

- ensuring implementation of the State program of the President of Turkmenistan "Health";

- development and implementation of state programs on development and enhancement of health care system according to requirements of the population;

- promotion and approval of healthy lifestyle;

- strengthening of health of the person and prevention of diseases;

- enhancement of structure, organizational bases of management of health care system, improvement of quality and organization of medical attendance of the population and system of the state control;

- ensuring availability and free of charge within the amount of medical care guaranteed by the state to the population;

- providing population with effective, continuous and high-quality medical care;

- social security of citizens;

- free providing population with specific prophylactics of infectious diseases;

- development of the state voluntary medical insurance of the population and enhancement of system of medical insurance;

- ensuring unity of medical science and practice;

- enhancement of economic fundamentals of health care, creation of the health care market and stimulation of private sector development of health care;

- increase in efficiency of financing of health care;

- strengthening of material and technical resources of health care, development of the medical industry;

- creating favorable conditions for activities of healthcare institutions, irrespective of patterns of ownership;

- enhancement of system of medical education, preparation and retraining of workers of health care and scientific personnel;

- enhancement of the legal base;

- development of information base;

- increase in responsibility of citizens for preserving and strengthening of own health and health of surrounding persons.

Article 4. Financial provision of protection of public health

Financial provision of protection of public health is performed for the account:

- means of the Government budget of Turkmenistan and local budgets;

- means of the State fund of development of health care of Turkmenistan;

- means of the trust funds intended for protection of public health;

- voluntary assignments from profit of the companies, organizations and organizations;

- other sources which are not forbidden by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

Article 5. Licensing of types of activity in the field of protection of public health

Licensing of types of activity in the field of protection of public health is performed based on the Law of Turkmenistan "About licensing of separate types of activity" and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.

Chapter II. Public administration and regulation in the field of protection of public health

Article 6. The bodies exercising public administration and regulation in the field of protection of public health

Public administration and regulation in the field of protection of public health is performed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, bodies of the local executive authority and local self-government.

Article 7. Competence of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan

In the field of protection of public health treat maintaining the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan:

- determination and carrying out single state policy;

- providing rights of citizens to health protection;

- acceptance of regulatory legal acts in the field of protection of public health;

- the organization of execution of the State Budget of Turkmenistan in the field of health care;

- development of network of healthcare institutions and companies of the medical industry and strengthening of their material and technical resources;

- carrying out single technical policy in the field of the medical industry;

- financing and ensuring accomplishment of the state and target programs in the field of protection of public health;

- determination of the main directions of state policy in the field of preparation and retraining of personnel, material and social security of workers of health care;

- coordination of activities of the ministries, departments, other organizations in the field of protection of public health;

- organization of work on ensuring sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the country;

- management and regulation in questions of sanitary protection of the territory of Turkmenistan, environmental management, protection of the surrounding environment, ecological safety;

- approval of the Regulations on the state licensing of medical and pharmaceutical activities in Turkmenistan;

- approval of the amount of free medical care guaranteed by the state to the population;

- approval of the list of the privileges provided to separate categories of citizens in case of delivery of health care;

- approval of the list of paid medical services;

- organization of events on rescuing of life and health protection of people in case of emergency situations, informing citizens on situation in zone of emergency situation and the taken measures;

- implementation of international cooperation and the conclusion of international treaties in the field of protection of public health;

- the solution of other questions in the field of protection of public health carried according to the legislation of Turkmenistan to competence of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.

Article 8. Competence of the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan

In the field of protection of public health treat maintaining the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan:

- implementation of state policy;

- providing the right of citizens to receipt of the amount of free medical care guaranteed by the state; - participation in development and implementation of the state and target programs;

- implementation of actions for development and strengthening of primary link of health care and to enhancement of system of prevention of diseases;

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