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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

of August 13, 2005 No. ZR-166

About traffic safety

(as amended on 05-08-2021)

Accepted by National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on July 8, 2005

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation and task of this Law

1. This Law governs the relations arising in the field of safety of traffic of the Republic of Armenia, establishes the principles and the directions of state policy in the field of traffic safety, the legal basis of the organization and safety of traffic, power of state bodies and local self-government in the field of the organization and safety of traffic, and also the right and obligation of participants of traffic.

2. Task of this Law is protection of life, health and property of citizens, their rights and legitimate interests, interests of society and state by the prevention of safety hazards of traffic, in particular the road accidents, decrease in their weight and effects.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

insufficient visibility - Yo visibility of the road in the conditions of fog, rain, snowfall and (or) others adverse weather conditions for traffic safety and (or) visibility at distance to 300 meters;

the autodrome of Yo-the protected, separated closed territory equipped with stationary established constructions, devices and elements for accomplishment of exercises for the purpose of instruction of driving of vehicles or acquisition of skills of driving of vehicles;

the autoplatform - Yo separated territory equipped with mobile devices and elements for accomplishment of exercises for the purpose of instruction of driving of vehicles;

the car - the motorized vehicle (the car, the bus, the cargo vehicle, the passenger-and-freight car, the special equipment vehicle, the electric vehicle) provided for towage of the vehicle intended for transportation across the road of people or loads or for cargo transfer. This concept includes trolleybuses, that is trackless vehicles connected by the electric drive. The concept does not include such vehicles what agricultural tractors which use for towage of the vehicles intended for transportation across roads of people or loads or for cargo transfer is additional function are;

the settlement - the built-up territory on which entrance and departure with which is noted by route signs of the settlement;

the carriageway - Yo element of the road provided for movement of not rail vehicles;

lane - Yo longitudinal strip of the carriageway designated or not designated by marking which width is sufficient for movement of vehicles in one row;

the railway crossing - crossing at one level of the road and railway or tram tracks having the allocated cloth;

the vehicle public - moving along the routes having Items of stops (stop), the vehicle (the tram, the trolleybus, the bus) moving passengers and (or) baggage;

the permitted maximum weight - Yo mass of the equipped and filled vehicle with the driver, passengers and load which the company-Yoizgotovitel established as the most admissible. The amount of the permitted maximum mass of all vehicles entering into its structure is considered the permitted maximum mass of the linked railway vehicles of the vehicles moving as single whole;

the intersection of Yo-the place of crossing, adjunction or branching of roads at one level, including such territory which arose during the crossing, adjunction or branching which is conditionally limited to the imagined lines connecting respectively opposite starting points of the curves which are available in the place of crossing, adjunction or branching of carriageways of roads. Departure on the road from the adjacent territory is not considered the intersection;

organized pedestrian column - group of the people jointly moving on the way to one direction in the procedure established by the legislation;

stop – deliberate reduction of the vehicle in motionless condition for a while up to 5 minutes or for time necessary for landing, disembarkation of the passenger and (or) loading, unloading of the vehicle;

the parking - reduction of the vehicle in purposely motionless condition for the period of more than 5 minutes, except as specified preventions of collision with other participant of traffic or kakimyo-or obstacle, landings, disembarkation of the passenger and (or) loading, unloading of the vehicle, and also other cases, stipulated by the legislation;

the traffic controller - the person having powers on regulation of traffic and performing this regulation in the procedure established by the legislation;

roadside - the road element adjoining the carriageway, differing from it in type of covering or allocated with the corresponding marking, provided for stop of the vehicle, movement of the cyclist and the pedestrian, placement of construction materials in case of repair of roads or other cases established by the legislation;

trail car (semitrailer truck) of Yo-the vehicle which is not equipped with the engine which is intended for starting by means of the motorized vehicle (including special trail car) and movements in its structure as whole;

forced stop – deliberate reduction of the vehicle in motionless condition owing to the emergence of danger or other obstacle in the road caused by defect of the vehicle or physical and (or) mental condition of the driver or passenger or cargo hauling or for the purpose of subordination to the prohibiting signal of the traffic light or the traffic controller or concession are expensive to other vehicle or prevention of collision with other participant of traffic or any obstacle or accomplishment of the requirement of the employee of police or other competent person about stop of the vehicle this in the procedure established by the law or accomplishment of the requirement provided by the traffic regulations approved by the Government of the Republic of Armenia. The rules established by the legislation for stop do not extend to cases of forced stop;

the bicycle – the vehicle, except wheelchairs, having at least two wheels and, as a rule, set in motion by the muscular strength of the person who is on it, in particular by means of pedals or handles which can have also electric motor the maximum rated power of 0,25 of kW in the mode of long-term loading which automatically is disconnected at speed more than 25 km/h;

the pedestrian - person who is out of the vehicle on the road, except for the person having power on the work on the road of works and which is carrying out these works in the procedure established by the legislation. The person moving in wheelchair without engine, conducting the bicycle, the moped, the motorcycle or carrying (pushing) the cart, the sledge, baby carriage or wheelchair and also the disabled person moving with the pedestrian's speed in wheelchair with the engine is equated to the pedestrian;

the crosswalk – the allocated site of the carriageway designated by route signs and (or) marking and in the procedure established by the legislation provided for movement of pedestrians;

the road - Yo strip of the earth equipped or adapted, used for movement of vehicles or the surface of artificial construction having at least one carriageway, and also including tram ways, sidewalks, roadsides and dividing strips in case of their availability;

traffic - Yo system of the public relations arising in the course of movement on the road of people and (or) loads by means of vehicles or without those;

traffic safety - Yo condition of protection of participants of traffic against dorozhnoyotransportny incidents;

technical means of the organization of traffic - Yo route signs, traffic lights, protective barriers, marking and other;

engineering constructions of roads of Yo-of stop, railway crossings, city electrotransportation lines, autopavilions, places of parking of vehicles, rest areas, snow protection forest belts, plantings, detours which are behind strip of withdrawal of the road, fire-proof and antiavalanche constructions, antiemergency pockets, road communication, lighting and other;

the road accident - the event which arose during movement on the road of the vehicle and with its participation owing to which people died or are wounded vehicles, loads, constructions are damaged or other material damage is caused;

traffic safety - Yo action directed to the prevention of dorozhnoyotransportny incidents and decrease in weight of their effects;

the participant of traffic - (further Yo participant of movement) Yo person who is directly participating in traffic: driver, pedestrian, passenger;

the organization of traffic - Yo complex of the organizational, legal and technical actions directed to traffic regulation;

the sidewalk - the road element adjoining the carriageway or separated it by any method, intended for movement of pedestrians in the procedure established by the legislation;

the motorized vehicle – the vehicle set in motion by the engine including tractors, self-propelled machines and mechanisms (except vehicles which engine capacity does not exceed 50 square centimeters), and also trolleybuses and electric vehicles;

the adjacent territory - the territory, directly adjacent to the road, which is not intended for end-to-end movement of vehicles (the yards, places of parking, the closed territories, gas stations and other);

the international movement - Yo movement across the Republic of Armenia of the vehicle registered in other country and which is in the Republic of Armenia is continuous or with break to two months and during up to one year;

the moped – the two-wheeled or three-wheeled motorized vehicle with the internal combustion engine in the working amount which is not exceeding working amount of 50 cubic cm or the electric motor the maximum rated power in the mode of long-term loading more 0,25 of kW and less than 4 kW which maximum constructive speed does not exceed 50 km/h. Kvadritsikla with similar technical characteristics are equated to the moped;

the motorcycle – the two-wheeled motorized vehicle with side trail car or without it which engine capacity (in case of the internal combustion engine) exceeds 50 cubic cm or the maximum constructive speed (in case of any engine) exceeds 50 km/h. The tricycles having in the completed and filled condition without driver, passengers, load, and for electric vehicles – also without accumulators the weight which is not exceeding 400 kg (for the vehicles intended for transportation of goods – 550 kg), and the maximum effective capacity of the engine which is not exceeding 15 kW and also kvadritsikla with motor-cyclic landing or wheel of motor-cyclic type are also equated to the motorcycle;

drunk condition - the physical and (or) mental condition of the person caused by use of alcoholic drink, drugs or psychotropic substances in case of which vehicle control attracts the administrative responsibility;

qualification examination of Yo-the theoretical or practice examination which is carried out according to training programs for receipt of the right to vehicle control of the corresponding category;

the driver Yo-person managing the vehicle. Also person training to driving and also the driver conducting on the road of pack and (or) riding animals or the cattle is equated to the driver;

Yo-emergency the situation arising owing to action and (or) failure to act of the participant of movement and (or) the traffic controller in case of which the real threat of dorozhnoyotransportny incident is created;

visibility distance - distance from the point of observation which is at height of driver's seat to the visible subject which is at the same height;

the vehicle Yo device intended for transportation across roads of people, load or established on it is mute the equipment;

the passenger - person who is in inside (cabin) of the vehicle or on the vehicle and also person who sits down (rises) in the vehicle and leaves from (descends c) it, except for the driver and person training to driving;

the bus - the car provided for passengers having more than 8 seats which is intended by the design and equipment for safe and convenient transportation of passengers and baggage;

dividing strip - the road element allocated structurally and (or) the corresponding marking, dividing adjacent carriageways, not intended for movement or stop of vehicles and pedestrians;

the cargo vehicle - the car intended by the design and equipment for cargo transfer;

the dead - person who died owing to the road accident;

Item of stop of the vehicle public - the place on certain piece of route of the vehicle public provided for landing disembarkation of passengers and equipped with the corresponding route signs;

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