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LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of May 4, 2013 No. 390-IV

About Border troops of Turkmenistan

(as amended on 13-03-2021)

This Law determines legal and organizational basis and the principles of activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan, their obligation and the right, and also establishes guarantees of legal and social protection of the military personnel of Border troops of Turkmenistan.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Border troops of Turkmenistan

Border troops of Turkmenistan - the special troops intended for protection of Frontier of Turkmenistan, safety and sovereignty of Turkmenistan on Frontier, implementation of border control behind the omission through Frontier.

Article 2. Legal basis of activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan

1. The legal basis of activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan are the Constitution of Turkmenistan, this Law and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan determining activities of border troops, and also the international agreements of Turkmenistan.

2. If international agreements of Turkmenistan establish other provisions than provided by this Law, then provisions of the international agreement are applied.

Article 3. Basic principles of activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan

Activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan are based on the principles of legality, humanity, equality of man and citizen before the law, respect and ensuring compliance with human rights and freedoms, unity of system of homeland security, one-man management, interaction with state bodies, public associations, the companies, organizations, the organizations and citizens.

Article 4. Tasks of Border troops of Turkmenistan

Tasks of Border troops of Turkmenistan are:

1) ensuring immunity of Frontier of Turkmenistan on the land, the sea, the rivers and other reservoirs;

2) protection of political, economic, military and other state interests of Turkmenistan on Frontier of Turkmenistan;

3) providing with all available measures of non-admission of illegal change of passing of Frontier of Turkmenistan on the area;

4) control of observance of the mode of Frontier of Turkmenistan, boundary regime and the mode at check points through Frontier of Turkmenistan.

Chapter II. System of border troops

Article 5. System of border troops

1. The single system of Border troops of Turkmenistan consists of the Central office of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan, overland, sea, air units and boundary connections performing protection of Frontier of Turkmenistan on the land, the sea, the rivers and other reservoirs, military units, medical parts and divisions of providing, special parts (divisions) and also educational institutions (parts).

2. Creation, reorganization and liquidation of bodies, parts and other divisions, the logging-in Border troops of Turkmenistan, is performed by the President of Turkmenistan on representation of the Chief of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan - the Commander of Border troops of Turkmenistan.

3. Boundary institute of Turkmenistan, being the highest military educational institution of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan, is educational institution which trains highly qualified military specialists.

The regulations on Boundary institute of Turkmenistan affirm the President of Turkmenistan.

Article 6. State Border Service of Turkmenistan

1. The State Border Service of Turkmenistan is the executive body combining the single system which is carrying out tasks on realization of state policy of Turkmenistan in the field of protection of Frontier of Turkmenistan, the territorial sea and sea economic zone of Turkmenistan according to the Constitution of Turkmenistan and the Military doctrine of Turkmenistan.

2. In the activities the State Border Service of Turkmenistan submits to the President of Turkmenistan.

3. The provision about the State Border Service of Turkmenistan affirms the President of Turkmenistan.

4. The chief of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan is the Commander of Border troops of Turkmenistan and performs direct management of Border troops of Turkmenistan.

5. The charters of Border troops on protection of Frontier of Turkmenistan determining application of structural units of Border troops of Turkmenistan, and also the ships (motor boats), airplanes, helicopters, the equipment and other forces and means according to the procedure, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan, affirm the Chief of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan - the Commander of Border troops of Turkmenistan.

The regulations regulating actions of Border troops of Turkmenistan for search and detention of violators of Frontier (troublemakers), reflection of armed attacks, prevention of the armed and other provocations can be provided in Charters of Border troops on protection of Frontier of Turkmenistan.

Article 7. Use of symbolics in activities of Border troops of Turkmenistan

1. Border troops of Turkmenistan in the activities use the State Emblem of Turkmenistan and National flag of Turkmenistan.

2. Connections and parts of Border troops of Turkmenistan have battle flags which status and the description affirm the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.

3. The ships, motor boats, airplanes, helicopters and other aircrafts of Border troops of Turkmenistan have identification marks which description affirms the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.

Chapter III. Obligations and rights of border troops of Turkmenistan

Article 8. Obligations of Border troops of Turkmenistan

Border troops of Turkmenistan within powers according to the tasks assigned to them and according to the procedure, determined by the legislation of Turkmenistan, shall:

1) to stop any attempts of illegal change of passing of Frontier of Turkmenistan;

2) to reflect invasion on the territory of Turkmenistan of paramilitary groups, to stop the armed and other provocations on Frontier of Turkmenistan, to protect from criminal encroachments the population and property irrespective of its type;

3) to warn and not to allow crossings of Frontier of Turkmenistan by persons and vehicles out of through Frontier of Turkmenistan or other illegal methods; reveal and detain the violators of Frontier of Turkmenistan or persons trying to break it;

To perform 4) on check points in accordance with the established procedure the omission through Frontier of Turkmenistan in the presence of properly the processed documents of persons, vehicles, loads, and also other property;

5) to provide accomplishment of the obligations following from international treaties of Turkmenistan concerning the mode of Frontier of Turkmenistan;

6) to detain persons breaking the mode of Frontier of Turkmenistan, boundary regime and the mode on check points through Frontier of Turkmenistan;

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