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The document ceased to be valid since  March 20, 2014 according to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of March 5, 2014 No. 71

ORDER OF THE CABINET OF MINISTERS OF UKRAINE

of January 15, 2014 No. 23-r

About approval of the Concept of development and technical upgrade of system of the centralized notification about threat or emergence of emergency situations

1. Approve the Concept of development and technical upgrade of system of the centralized notification about threat or emergence of emergency situations which is applied.

2. To the Ministry of Defence, Public service on emergency situations together with other interested central executive bodies to develop and submit to three-months time to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the draft of the actions plan on implementation of the Concept approved by this order.

Prime Minister of Ukraine     

N. Azarov

Approved by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of January 15, 2014 No. 23-r

The concept of development and technical upgrade of system of the centralized notification about threat or emergence of emergency situations

The problem requiring the solution

The single state system of civil protection of Ukraine is directed to protection of the population and the territories against threat and emergence of emergency situations in peace time. The system of the centralized notification about threat or emergence of emergency situations (further - system of the centralized notification) is constructed, as well as in all Post-Soviet countries after World War II, by command alarm principle and is oriented to finishing signals of the notification during the special period.

Except finishing the specified signals, the system of the centralized notification shall perform also timely and reliable finishing notifications on threat or emergence of emergency situations in governing bodies of civil protection, forces of civil protection, subjects of managing and the population and informing on the actual situation and the taken measures.

For today the system of the centralized notification does not consider the latest information and telecommunication technologies and changes which happened in society, in particular for the period formation and development of Ukraine as the independent state, namely:

structures central and local executive bodies, Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other executive bodies of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;

structures of system of civil protection and the adopted legal and other regulatory legal acts in the respective sphere;

structures of response forces on emergency situations and their legal status;

the economical legal relations between subjects attracted to the notification about threat or emergence of emergency situations (pattern of ownership, neogenic subjects);

fixed terms of operation of the technical means of the notification used in system of the centralized notification;

the moral obsolescence of technologies of processing and information transfer used in system of the centralized notification;

impossibility of use on certain sites of the obsolete samples of the equipment of the notification working by the analog principle in connection with implementation of modern digital telecommunication systems and systems of switching;

reduction of number of the receivers used by the population in case of receipt of the message on threat or emergence of emergency situations in connection with obsolescence of network of national wire broadcasting;

inconsistency of technical characteristics of the equipment used in system of the centralized notification with technical characteristics of modern household electronic devices of acceptance of audiovisual information which the majority of the population uses;

incompatibility of the automated systems of early identification of emergency situations and the notification of people in case of their origin which equip objects of the increased danger, with special, local and object warning systems for today.

Thus, the system of the centralized notification cannot provide in full accomplishment of the tasks assigned to it and requires development and technical upgrade taking into account the latest information and telecommunication technologies and changes which happened in society, in particular for the period formation and development of Ukraine as the independent state.

Practical experience of the solution of the same problems in developed countries of the world demonstrates that the warning system in such states is created taking into account the latest information and telecommunication technologies.

So, in Japan the warning system about earthquakes in the automatic mode receives signals from network of the sensors and meteorological stations located on all territory of the country, determines force of earthquake and performs live broadcast of national television. The majority of the population of Japan receives notifications about earthquake at least in one minute that gives the chance timely to leave dangerous rooms or places and to save lives of many people.

Mobile operators joined the warning system about catastrophic crashes since 2007. In the automatic mode messages on catastrophic crash expectation are sent to phones (earthquakes, tsunami, etc.).

For the purpose of distribution of information on the danger menacing to the population there is opportunity to use the Internet. For this purpose all Japanese operators opened special pages on websites, bulletin boards.

Also in Japan registration of the mobile terminal in the place of its temporary stay is performed irrespective of the fact which the operator provides mobile services with possibility of receipt of the spot news.

The USA replaced sirens which were used for the notification about catastrophic crashes over all country, messages which are sent on phones. The system received the name "wireless warnings of emergency situations" and performs transfer of such types of preventions as the message on tornado and other natural disasters, presidential notifications about introduction in the state of emergency state, the notification about the gone children.

During acceptance of the display report of phone its summary which is followed by the melody other than standard melodies of call of the user is displayed. Free messages are transferred to all phones in that area where emergence of tornado is possible.

In the Russian Federation the main direction of further development of civil defense is upgrade of system of the centralized notification by widespread introduction of the fiber-optic equipment, digital technologies and opportunities of mobile communication and satellite systems of information transfer, including with autonomous power supply, expansion of network of local warning systems, development of nation-wide complex system of informing and the notification of the population in places of mass stay.

Considering specified, the system of the centralized notification and practical experience of other states testifies to relevance of problem and need of its urgent decision.

Purpose and terms of implementation of the Concept

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