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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of January 4, 2014 No. 122-Z

About bases of activities for prevention of offenses

(In edition of the Laws of the Republic of Belarus of 18.07.2016 No. 401-Z, 09.01.2018 of No. 91-Z)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on December 16, 2013

Approved by Council of the Republic on December 19, 2013

Chapter 1 General provisions

Article 1. The main terms and their determinations applied in this Law

In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

individual prevention of offenses - the activities of subjects of prevention of offenses for rendering the adjusting impact on the citizen of the Republic of Belarus, the foreign citizen and the stateless person (further, if other is not determined by this Law, - the citizen) for the purpose of non-admission of making of offenses performed according to this Law and other acts of the legislation;

violence in family - the intentional actions of physical, psychological, sexual nature of the family member in relation to other family member violating it the rights, freedoms, legitimate interests and causing it physical and (or) mental sufferings;

general prevention of offenses - the activities of subjects of prevention of offenses for identification of the reasons of the offenses and conditions promoting their making, and taking measures to their elimination, impact on social processes and the phenomena for the purpose of non-admission of delinquent behavior of citizens, performed according to this Law and other acts of the legislation;

offense - illegal guilty action (failure to act) for which making the criminal or administrative responsibility is provided;

prevention of offenses - activities for application of measures of general and (or) individual prevention of offenses by subjects of prevention of offenses according to this Law and other acts of the legislation;

preventive action - set of the actions of the subject of prevention of the offenses organized and performed by it within general and (or) individual prevention of offenses;

family members are the close relatives, other relatives, disabled dependents and other citizens living together with the citizen and conducting with him general economy.

Article 2. Coverage of this Law

This Law governs the public relations arising when implementing prevention of offenses if other is not provided by part two of this Article.

Prevention of offenses during the conducting criminal and administrative processes, execution of the punishment and other measures of criminal liability is performed according to other legal acts.

Prevention of the offenses made by minors is performed according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of May 31, 2003 "About bases of system of prevention of neglect and offenses of minors" (The national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, 2003, No. 64, 2/949), this Law and other acts of the legislation.

Citizens take part in activities for prevention of offenses according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 26, 2003 "About participation of citizens in protection of law and order" (The national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, 2003, No. 74, 2/963), this Law and other acts of the legislation.

Article 3. The legislation in the sphere of prevention of offenses

The legislation in the sphere of prevention of offenses is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation, including international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which contain in this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 4. The basic principles of activities of subjects of prevention of offenses in the sphere of prevention of offenses

Activities of subjects of prevention of offenses in the sphere of prevention of offenses are based on the principles:

legality;

humanity;

planned character and systemacity;

implementation of individual prevention of offenses taking into account the identity of the citizen;

protection and observance of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, rights and legitimate interests of the organizations;

coordination of actions and operational interaction of subjects of prevention of offenses;

responsibility of officials of subjects of prevention of offenses for violation of the law in the sphere of prevention of offenses.

Article 5. Subjects of prevention of offenses

Subjects of prevention of offenses are:

law-enforcement bodies of the Republic of Belarus (further - law-enforcement bodies);

bodies of prosecutor's office of the Republic of Belarus (further - bodies of prosecutor's office);

the state security agencies of the Republic of Belarus (further - the state security agencies);

bodies of the border service of the Republic of Belarus (further - bodies of the border service);

customs authorities of the Republic of Belarus (further - customs authorities);

body of the state protection;

bodies of the State Control Committee of the Republic of Belarus (further - bodies of the State Control Committee);

bodies and divisions for emergency situations of the Republic of Belarus (further - bodies and divisions for emergency situations);

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