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CONVENTION

of April 10, 1972

About prohibition of development, production and stock accumulation of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapon and about their destruction

State Parties of this Convention,

the full of determination to affect for the purpose of achievement of effective progress ways of the general and complete disarmament including prohibition and liquidation of all types of weapon of mass destruction, and confident that prohibition of development, productions and stock accumulations of chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapon and their destruction by effective measures will promote achievement of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control

recognizing importance of the Protocol on the application prohibition in the war suffocating, poisonous or other similar gases and bacteriological means signed in Geneva on June 17, 1925, and also that contribution which the specified protocol already made and continues to bring in case of reduction of horrors of war,

confirming the fidelity to the principles and the purposes of the mentioned protocol and calling all states for their strict observance,

reminding that the General Assembly of the United Nations repeatedly condemned all actions contradicting the principles and the purposes of the Geneva protocol of June 17, 1925

wishing to promote deepening of trust between the people and to general improvement of the international atmosphere,

aiming to promote also implementation of the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations,

being convinced of importance and urgency of exception of arsenals of the states by effective measures of such dangerous weapon of mass destruction what weapon with use of chemical or bacteriological (biological) agents is,

recognizing that the agreement on prohibition of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapon is the first possible step in the direction of reaching an agreement on effective measures also for prohibition of development, production and accumulating of chemical weapon, and the full of determination to continue negotiations for this purpose,

full of determination for the sake of all mankind completely to exclude possibility of use of bacteriological (biological) agents or toxins as weapon,

being convinced that such use would contradict conscience of mankind and that it is not necessary to feel sorry for any efforts for reduction of this danger,

agreed as follows:

Article I

Shall never, under no circumstances develop, not make, not accumulate, not acquire each State Party of this Convention any otherwise and not keep:

1) microbiological or other biological agents or toxins what there was their origin or production method, such types and in such quantities which have no appointment for preventive, protective or other peace purposes;

2) weapon, the equipment or delivery systems, held for use such agents or toxins in the hostile purposes or in armed conflicts.

Article II

Shall destroy or switch each State Party of this Convention to the peace purposes as soon as possible, but no later than nine months after the introduction of the Convention to force, all agents, toxins, the weapon, the equipment and delivery systems specified in the article I of the Convention whom it has or who are under its jurisdiction or control. In case of accomplishment of provisions of this Article all necessary precautionary measures for the purpose of protection of the population and the environment shall be taken.

Article III

Not transfer each State Party of this Convention to somebody neither directly, nor indirectly, as well as at all not to help, not to encourage and not to induce any state, group of the states or the international organizations to production or to acquisition by any different way of any agents, toxins, weapon, the equipment or delivery systems specified in the article I of the Convention.

Article IV

Each State Party of this Convention shall take according to the constitutional processes necessary measures for prohibition and prevention of development, production, accumulating, acquisition or preserving the agents, toxins, weapon, the equipment and delivery systems specified in the article I of the Convention within the territory of such state, under its jurisdiction or under its control anywhere.

Article V

The State Parties of this Convention shall consult and cooperate with each other in the solution of any questions which can arise concerning the purpose or in connection with accomplishment of provisions of the Convention. Consultations and cooperation in pursuance of this Article can be also undertaken by use of the corresponding international procedures within the United Nations and according to its Charter.

Article VI

Any State Party of this Convention which states that any other State Party is effective in defiance of the obligations following from Convention provisions can make the complaint in the Security Council of the United Nations. Such claim shall contain all possible proofs confirming its justification, and request for its consideration by the Security Council.

Each State Party of this Convention shall cooperate in conducting any investigations which can be undertaken by the Security Council according to provisions of Articles of organization of the United Nations based on the claim received by Council. The Security Council informs the participating states of the Convention on results of investigation.

Article VII

Each State Party of this Convention shall provide or support the help according to Articles of organization of the United Nations to any participant of the Convention who will address with such request if the Security Council makes the decision that such participant underwent to danger as a result of violation of the Convention.

Article VIII

No provision containing in this Convention shall be interpreted as somehow the limiting or belittling obligations assumed by any state according to the Protocol on application prohibition in the war suffocating, poisonous or other similar gases and bacteriological means signed in Geneva on June 17, 1925.

Article IX

Each State Party of this Convention confirms the acknowledged purpose of effective prohibition of chemical weapon and for this purpose shall continue in the spirit of good will negotiations for achievement of the agreement on effective measures for prohibition of its development, production and stock accumulation and to its destruction and about adequate measures concerning the equipment and delivery systems which are specially intended for production or use of chemical agents as weapon in the near future.

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