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RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 9, 2013 No. 1051

About approval of the Main directions of realization of state policy in the field of civil defense

According to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of November 27, 2006 "About civil defense" the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve the enclosed Main directions of realization of state policy in the field of civil defense.

2. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus

M. Myasnikovich

 

Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of December 9, 2013 No. 1051

The main directions of realization of state policy in the field of civil defense

Chapter 1 General provisions

Civil defense is the integral function of the state and component of defensive actions for ensuring national security of the country.

The Republic of Belarus created according to the Law of November 27, 2006 "About civil defense" (The national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, 2006, No. 201, 2/1280) governing bodies and civil defense forces are ready to carrying out rescue and other urgent works on protection of the population and the territories from the dangers arising when conducting military operations or owing to these actions.

In modern conditions nature and methods of the decision of the international conflicts using military force, and also methods of conducting armed struggle change. More and more widespread are military military actions during which for defeat the most important objects of economy, elements of life support systems, transport communications, communications and informatizations are chosen that leads to the humanitarian disasters.

Sharp increase of number of technogenic catastrophes and natural disasters causes universal tendency of review by the states of concepts of civil defense with orientation them on the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations in peace time.

In the Republic of Belarus questions of protection of the population and the territories from emergency situations in peace time are solved within functioning of the state system of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations by means of activities of the relevant coordinating organs and governing bodies for emergency situations, and in wartime protective measures are carried out by forces and means of civil defense.

As a result of the carried-out work on enhancement of civil defense and the state system of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations approaches to protection of the population and the territories from emergency situations in peace time and the dangers arising when conducting military operations or owing to these actions are unified, basic of which consist in the following:

the organizational, engineering (technical) and other actions aimed at safety of activity of the population are carried out beforehand;

the management system in peace and wartime is created by accomplishment of protective measures by the administrative-territorial and industry principles;

protection of the population and the territories is based on the general principles, including carrying out rescue and other urgent works by the same governing bodies, forces and means;

for liquidation of the emergency situations and dangers arising when conducting military operations or owing to these actions resources of the corresponding reserves are used;

in the conditions of peace time and conducting military operations the single system of bringing signals of the notification to the population functions;

training of administrative board, specialists and the populations is carried out according to single programs;

constructions of dual purpose along with protective objects of civil defense are applied to the shelter of the population in case of the emergency situations and dangers arising when conducting military operations or owing to these actions.

Availability of common features in structure and functioning of civil defense and the state system of the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations allows to consider the possibility of creation of single system of realization of protective measures both in peace, and in wartime - the state system civil zashchity*.

______________________________

* For the purposes of these Main directions civil protection is understood as complex of actions for preparation for protection and protection of the population, the environment, material and cultural values from emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature, and also from the dangers arising when conducting military operations or owing to these actions.

In the conditions of increase of external and internal threats to national interests of the Republic of Belarus of the major factors determining state policy in the field of population health and safety are:

the remaining aspiration of number of the countries to solve political problems and to approve the line items by power methods in the form of armed conflict or incident;

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