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ORDER OF COMMITTEE ON THE STATE CONTROL OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS AND INDUSTRIAL SAFETY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of October 1, 2013 No. 46

About approval of methodical recommendations in the field of industrial safety

According to the order of the Minister of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About approval procedure of regulations and approvals of methodical instructions in the field of industrial and fire safety" of July 17, 2008 No. 126 of PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve:

Methodical recommendations about risk management on hazardous production facilities.

2.1 To impose control of execution of this order on the vice-chairman of Committee Amurgalinov S. T.

3. This order becomes effective from the date of signing.

Chairman of Committee

N. Kunanbayev

It is approved

Order of Committee on the state control of emergency situations and industrial safety of the Republic of Kazakhstan

of October 1, 2013 No. 46

 

Methodical recommendations about risk management on hazardous production facilities

Introduction

These Methodical recommendations about risk management on hazardous production facilities of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - Methodical recommendations) are developed according to article 4 of Item 1 of subitem 7 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of April 3, 2002 "About industrial safety on hazardous production facilities" (further - the Law), are directed to carrying out the complex analysis and assessment of condition of industrial safety on hazardous production facilities and establish the methodical principles and general approaches to the procedure of determination of level of danger of industrial enterprises.

Methodical recommendations determine the directions and methods of carrying out complex assessment of condition of industrial safety and labor protection, on its basis development of actions, taking measures to the prevention of emergency situations, accidents and accidents on hazardous production facilities.

Methodical recommendations are intended for structural divisions of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - the Ministry of Emergency Situations of RK), expert and insurance companies, developers of declarations of industrial safety and specialists in the field of the analysis and risk assessment, the organization the operating OPO.

Methodical recommendations allow to provide structures of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of RK, industrial enterprises and other interested organizations with information on condition of industrial safety and labor protection on production facility.

Methodical recommendations allow to perform phased transition to establishment of insurance rates in system of compulsory social insurance depending on classes of injury risk and harm of working conditions on objects, received on the basis of estimates of professional risk and integral assessment of working conditions.

Methodical recommendations are basis for carrying out the analysis and risk assessment on specific hazardous production facilities.

In these Methodical recommendations the following terms and determinations are applied:

accident - destruction of the buildings, constructions and (or) technical devices used on hazardous production facility, uncontrollable explosion and (or) emission of dangerous substances;

avariynoopasnost - potential possibility of accident when implementing basic process of production;

risk analysis - process of understanding (understanding) of origin of risk and determination of risk level;

identification of risk - process of identification, identification and the description of risk elements;

risk assessment - the general process including identification of risk, risk analysis and estimation of risk;

estimation of risk - process of comparison of analysis results of risk with criteria of risk for determination of the acceptability or admissibility of risk and/or its size;

industrial injury - the injury of health of the worker received in case of execution of labor obligations by it, which led to disability;

occupational disease - the chronic or acute disease caused by impact on the worker of harmful production factors in connection with accomplishment by the worker of the labor (office) obligations;

risk - combination of probability of event and its effects;

injury risk - potential possibility of receipt of industrial injury by workers in case of accomplishment of the labor obligations by them;

vulnerability of people - vulnerability of people on production facility in case of impact of the striking factor.

1. General provisions

In Methodical recommendations the risk assessment of accidents and incidents is made on the basis of method of expert evaluations which essence consists in organized collection of judgments and assumptions of experts with the subsequent processing of the received answers and forming of results. Method of expert evaluations is less sensitive to inaccuracy and illegibility of basic data and gives the chance at the same time to consider tens of separate input parameters.

The risk assessment of industrial traumatism and professional incidence is made on the basis of the statistical technique.

The risk assessment of accidents, industrial traumatism and occupational diseases is carried out according to standards of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of management of risk [1-4] on the following described below stages:

1) identification of risks - process of detection, recognition and registration of risks. At this stage all sources of dangers and way of their realization come to light and described;

2) risk analysis - the process used for determination of risk level or quantity (measure) of risk of the analyzed health hazard of the person, material values, the surrounding environment and other objects, connected with danger realization. Risk analysis includes the analysis of frequency, the analysis of effects and their combinations;

3) estimation of risk - process of comparison of analysis results of risk with criteria of risk for determination of the acceptability or admissibility of risk.

The main objectives of analysis stage of risk are connected with:

determination of frequencies of emergence of the initiating and all undesirable events;

assessment of effects of emergence of undesirable events;

generalization of risk assessments.

For determination of frequency of undesirable events are used:

statistical data on accident rate, injury rate and professional incidence corresponding to specifics of hazardous production facility or type of activity;

the expert evaluations considering opinions of specialists in the field.

Assessment of effects of emergence of undesirable events (accidents, industrial traumatism and occupational diseases) includes the analysis of possible impacts of dangerous and harmful production factors on people - personnel of the company and the population.

The generalized risk assessment (or risk degree) reflects condition of industrial safety taking into account hazard rates from all undesirable events which can take place on hazardous production facility.

2. Tasks and structure of monitoring system of level of danger on hazardous production facilities of the Republic of Kazakhstan

The main function of risk management system is carrying out monitoring of industrial safety on hazardous production facilities. General task of monitoring system is carrying out the complex analysis and assessment of condition of accident rate, injury rate and professional incidence on production facilities as a result of which the companies are classified by degree of danger and unhealthy work conditions. For achievement of effective objective it is necessary to solve number of problems, such as:

calculate and estimate the general level of danger of production facility;

estimate risk level of accidents and establish class of avariynoopasnost of production facility;

estimate risk level of industrial traumatism and establish class of injury risk of production facility;

estimate risk level of occupational diseases at workers and establish class of harm of production facility;

carry out the detailed analysis and assessment of condition of avariynoopasnost, injury risk and harm of labor process, both on separate production divisions, and on all industrial enterprise in general.

Integrated approach of monitoring system allows to make objective and comprehensive assessment of condition of industrial safety and labor protection on hazardous production facilities.

In the figure 1 the flowchart of information and analytical monitoring system of level of danger on hazardous production facilities is provided.

Necessary initial information is provided by the owner of hazardous production facilities (technical and technology parameters of the main production process, results of certification of workplaces of production facility and others), on the corresponding requests of territorial subdivisions of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (data on violation of legal and normative and technical acts in the field of industrial safety) and independent experts (for ensuring work of expert system of risks assessment of accidents).

The structure of information and analytical monitoring system contains five blocks:

General Level of Danger block;

Avariynoopasnost block;

Injury risk block;

Working conditions block;

"Analysis and Assessment of Levels of Danger" block.

The General Level of Danger block is intended for calculation and assessment of general level of danger of production facility, and also for determination of dynamics of change of general level of danger and comparison of the calculated value of general level of danger of production facility with industry average.

In the Avariynoopasnost block it is made risk assessments of accidents and the class of avariynoopasnost of production facility is determined. The expert system which computing kernel are multifactorial models of indicators of danger of accident is applied to risk assessment of accidents.

In the Injury risk block the risk assessment of industrial traumatism is made and the class of injury risk of industrial enterprise is established.

In the Working conditions block the risk assessment of occupational diseases is made and the class of harm of working conditions of the company is established. Assessment of harm of working conditions is made on the following sanitary and hygienic factors: chemical, biological, to aerosols of mainly fibrogenny action, noise, infrasound, ultrasound, vibration of general and local, to the ionizing and not ionizing radiation, microclimate, lighting, weight and intensity of work.

In the "Analysis and Assessment of Levels of Danger" block complex and comparative analysis of results of calculations with the previous accounting periods (month, quarter, year) on the basis of which the analytical report about condition of industrial safety and labor protection is created is made. In this block the "weakest" and weak spots for adoption of alternative decisions are determined by decrease in risks. The summary report contains the short description of production facility, analysis results and risk assessments given about the general level of danger of production facility, its classes of avariynoopasnost, injury risk and harm of working conditions, and also the recommendation about decrease in class of danger of the company.

The summary analytical report about condition of industrial safety and labor protection on hazardous production facilities is transferred to the owner of hazardous production facility and is provided to the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, regional and city Departments of emergency situations, insurance companies for determination of the size of insurance premium under the agreement of compulsory liability insurance of owners of hazardous production facilities.

Information obtained as a result of functioning of monitoring system of level of danger can be used:

in case of examination of industrial safety;

when declaring industrial safety of hazardous production facilities;

in case of insurance of civil responsibility of owners of hazardous production facilities;

when planning by supervisory authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of RK of checking actions;

when forming the summary reporting of territorial authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations under hazardous production facilities.

Схема 1 к Приказу от 1.10.2013 №46

Figure 1 - The flowchart of information and analytical monitoring system of level of danger on hazardous production facilities

The main information units for structures of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of RK are "The general level of danger" and "Avariynoopasnost" providing information on condition of industrial safety. Auxiliary - the "Injury risk" and "Working conditions" allowing to obtain the additional information about labor protection condition on hazardous production facilities.

Implementation of information and analytical system of assessment of level of danger will allow to analyze objectively and quickly condition of avariynoopasnost, injury risk and harm of working conditions on production facilities, to make the reasoned management decisions directed to prevention of emergence of emergency and to trace efficiency of measures for the prevention of accident rate, to approach in a complex the solution of task of increase in level of industrial safety and labor protection on industrial enterprises of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

3. Collection and systematization of data on accident rate, injury rate and occupational diseases on hazardous production facilities

Collection, processing and the analysis of initial information is made for the solution of tasks of monitoring system of level of danger. Collection assumes receipt of most verified initial information and is one of the most responsible stages in work with information as quality of results of work of all information system of monitoring completely depends on collection and methods of the subsequent data processing.

Collection of basic data begins with provision by the company of information on the structure. This stage allows to determine the name and the number of divisions of production (the main, auxiliary, servicing) or places of conducting works in which classes of danger of industrial enterprise in general are established.

The sites or workshops participating in the main (technology) production process belong to the main divisions of production. Auxiliary divisions are the sites or workshops providing uninterrupted course of basic processes of production. The servicing divisions - the sites or workshops which are performing servicing as the main, and auxiliary production processes and not creating products.

Further for each block of the system and specific objective solved in it the list of necessary initial information is created. Providing with necessary information is important condition of evaluating risk and monitoring of classes of danger.

3.1. Collection of initial information for the General Level of Danger block

Calculation of general level of danger from production facility requires the following information according to the list given below:

1) number of the accidents which happened on dangerous object in year;

2) the average number of the personnel servicing dangerous object in year;

3) number of days of disability at victims on all allowed accidents in year;

4) the number of fatal cases within year (taking into account death rate of victims within year after accident);

5) number of persons employed at which occupational disease, for accounting year is for the first time established;

6) the number of the technical devices which fulfilled fixed term of operation following the results of year;

7) total quantity of the technical devices staying on the registry as fixed assets following the results of year;

8) the number of the technical devices which fulfilled fixed term of operation and replaced within accounting year;

9) the number of the accidents which happened on object for the current year.

3.2. Collection and systematization of initial information for the Avariynoopasnost block

The following information is necessary for assessment of risk level of accidents and establishment of class of avariynoopasnost of production facility:

1) statistical information on the accidents taking place on production (site) object for last year is drawn up according to table 1. In appendix 2 the approximate list of types of accidents, possible at the companies of mining industry is provided;

2) results of questioning on each production division of industrial enterprise for measure definition of danger and indicator of weight of accident.

Table 1

Information on the accidents taking place on production (site) object?

No. of payment order

Date of accident

Place of accident (name of production site)

Accident type

Circumstances of accident

Cause of accident

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In tables of appendix 3 as example questionnaires which are filled in with the companies of mining industry (coal mines, mines and coal mines) for risk assessment of accidents are provided.

When forming questionnaires results of expert research which needs to be conducted according to Chapter 5 these Methodical recommendations are used.

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