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Ministry of Justice of Ukraine

September 26, 2013

No. 1662/24194

ORDER OF THE MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF UKRAINE

of September 5, 2013 No. 595

About approval of the Provision on military transportations by railway, sea, river and air transport

According to Regulations on the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the Regulations on the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine approved by the Presidential decree of Ukraine of April 06, 2011 No. 406, I ORDER:

1. Approve the Provision on military transportations by railway, sea, river and air transport which is applied.

2. To recognize the "Manual on transportations of troops by railway, sea, river and air transport" enacted by the order of the Minister of Defence of the USSR of June 06, 1983 No. 180, such which is not applied in the territory of Ukraine.

3. This order becomes effective from the date of its official publication.

Minister of Defence of Ukraine                                                                           

P.V.Lebedev

It is approved:

Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine

 

V. V. Kozak

The chairman of Public service of Ukraine concerning regulatory policy and development of entrepreneurship


M. Yu. Brodsky

 

Approved by the Order of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine of September 5, 2013 No. 595

Provision on military transportations by railway, sea, river and air transport

І. General provisions

1.1. This Provision determines procedure for the organization and accomplishment of transportations of military units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (further - Armed Forces) railway, sea, river and air common carrier (further - transport), and also powers of service employees of military units, bodies of military messages, the Ministries of infrastructure of Ukraine, the central executive bodies of realization of state policy in spheres of air, rail, sea and river transportation, the companies, organizations and organizations which belong to the sphere of management of the Ministry of infrastructure of Ukraine (further - controls, the companies, organizations and the organizations of transport), during the organization and accomplishment of military transportations.

1.2. In this Provision terms are used in such values:

the handling place is set of the constructions and devices (including special) intended for loading (unloading) of military echelons (military transports);

the sender - the military unit specified in the carriage document which sends military echelons, military teams or military transports;

military team - group of the servicemen of Armed Forces as a part of two and more persons which follows to the destination with military property (including with weapon and ammunition) or without such property, group of citizens of Ukraine, called up for military service, and also the faces transferred to the reserve which follow and are organized for transportation, headed by the chief of team;

military team of big number - team which transportation requires provision of one or more passenger or human rail cars (the vessel or the certain ship room);

military load - arms, military equipment, rockets, ammunition, food, fuel and other material means which belong to military units which are senders and receivers;

military echelon - military unit (or its divisions), the military team of big number organized for transportation in one train on one vessel (or in the certain ship room), and also transportations by sea and other waterways of the ship of Armed Forces;

the military transport - accepted for transportation railway (sea or river) transport from one sender on the location of one or several receivers military load for which transportation it is necessary at least one container, the rail car, part of the vessel or the certain ship room;

military transportations - transportations by railway, sea, river and air common carrier of the military personnel of Armed Forces and military loads, and also transportations by inland waterways of the ships, courts and watercrafts of Armed Forces (further - the ships of Armed Forces);

military units - bodies of military management, connection, military units, divisions, military educational institutions, military educational units of higher educational institutions, organizations and the organizations of Armed Forces;

the human ship room - the ship room which is specially prepared and equipped for transportation of staff;

the human car - the closed car which is specially prepared and provided with the military personnel carrying equipment;

the receiver - the military unit specified in the carriage document which receives military echelons, military transports or military teams;

the organization of military transportations - complex of actions for training of staff of military units, military loads and automobiles for implementation of military transportations (planning, management, comprehensive material logistics, safety control of these transportations, implementation of settlement for the provided services);

the main dimension of loading - limiting cross (perpendicular track centers) outline in which, without coming to light, the load (taking into account packaging and fixture) on open railway vehicles on condition of its stay on direct level section of way shall be placed;

vehicles are railway rolling stock, ocean, river, air vehicles, containers, lash ships, etc. which are used for military transportations by railway, sea, river and air transport.

1.3. Military units, divisions and teams of big number for transportation by railway, sea and river transport are created in military echelons.

In transit air transport for each flight vehicle completes military teams. Number is provided to each military echelon (team).

1.4. Military transportations will be organized and carried out with observance of the mode of privacy and preserving the state secret according to the legislation of Ukraine.

ІІ. Organization and ensuring military transportations

2.1. The common directorship military transportations is performed of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (further - the General Staff). The direct organization and management are performed by commanders of military units in interaction with bodies of military messages.

2.2. Main types of military transportations are operational (military echelons, military teams) also supplying (military transports) transportations.

Planning of operational and supplying transportations is performed by bodies of military messages based on the requests provided by chiefs of headquarters of types of Armed Forces, bodies of military management, heads of structural divisions of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine (further - the Ministry of Defence) and the General Staff.

Planning of military transportations on modes of transport is determined according to the current legislation.

2.3. Military units are transported based on contracts with controls, the companies, organizations and the organizations of transport.

2.4. To each military echelon, military military team and the military transport bodies of military messages provide number which does not change from forming Item to destination, including during overload from one mode of transport on another.

In case of transportation in one train, on one vessel of several military echelons (on the air vehicle - several military military teams) everyone (each) of them stores the organization and the provided number.

2.5. Before loading of military unit the initial area, the area of expectation, and after unloading - the area of collection, concentration and the main and reserve embarkation areas (unloadings) is appointed.

Embarkation areas, overloads and unloadings, as a rule, include several stations (ports, piers, the airports, airfields, platforms) with cargo gears, highways which remove to them. The initial area before loading (the area of concentration after unloading) is appointed at distance of 10 - 15 km from the area (station) of loading (unloading).

In embarkation areas (unloading) near stations (ports, piers, the airports, airfields, platforms) areas of expectation (collection) are appointed. Their remoteness is determined by need of ensuring timely promotion to the shipping place (unloading), and also possibility of dispersion and masking of troops (forces) and can make 3 - 5 km. When regions of arrangement (concentration) of military units are in case in close proximity to stations of loading (unloading), areas of expectation can not be appointed.

2.6. Military units before loading are located in the initial area taking into account their distribution on military echelons (military teams), trains (ocean, river and air vehicles), and also taking into account priority of their promotion to shipping places.

Just before loading of division of one military echelon (military team) which are transported in one train (on one vessel, the air vehicle by one run) leave the initial area or arrangement of military unit to the area of expectation, and after unloading - to the area of collection, concentration.

2.7. Arms and military equipment of military echelons (military teams) prepare for transportation by forces and means of divisions, as a rule, around expectation (the initial area).

Promotion on loading is performed on divisions so that on arrival on the station (to the port, on pier, in the airport, on airfield, site) they could begin loading immediately.

2.8. For providing continuity of military transportations on case of incapacitation of objects of transport detour railway routes are determined and prepare, on big water barriers prepare and, if necessary, temporary overload areas in which areas and detraining stations and loadings, areas of expectation (collection) of military units are equipped are developed. Along the railway directions areas of collection of military units on case of forced unloading are provided.

In case of destruction of separate objects of transport refining of the plan of military transportations with the direction of military echelons by detour routes is performed. If continuation of transportation by railway transport is impossible, military echelons unload and concentrated in areas of collection for movement continuation under the own steam to areas of assignment or to new embarkation areas.

2.9. Antiaircraft protection (further - air defense) military transportations will be organized and performed in the general air defense system of the state. Special attention of air defense is paid to cover of areas of expectation, loading, overload, unloading, concentration, important rail junctions, bridges, tunnels, and also during overcoming barrier boundaries (big water barriers).

2.10. The organization of protection and defense of areas, and also preparation of embarkation areas (unloading, overload), ways of promotion of military units (highways), the equipment of shelters for staff and control centers are assigned to commanders of military units which are transported.

In case of accomplishment of military transportations radiation, chemical and biological survey will be organized, air observation, is conducted by the area and signals. The staff of military echelons is timely informed on the air opponent, radiological, chemical and biological contamination.

Observation of air and chemical picture in military echelon is performed by observation posts, guard, forces of air defense on duty. In travel time of military echelon by rail posts of observation are exposed in the head and tail of the train, chemical post of observation - only in head end of train.

2.11. The military personnel as a part of military echelons (military teams) is provided with power supply according to the current legislation.

Military units which are transported as a part of military echelons when following are provided with food proceeding from regulations of movement of the military echelons per day established by military and unloading inventories of food for 5 days at least, field kitchens, and also necessary stock and other property.

Military echelons in the point of departure are provided with food on all travel line to final destination. Use of liquid fuel for work of field kitchens in military echelon is forbidden.

Providing staff with hot food from field kitchens is carried out three times a day. Food is cooked according to the single layout of products for all staff of military echelon.

Providing military echelons with water is performed at stations (in ports, at the airports) according to the requests provided by the chief of military echelon to the military commandant of commandant's office of military messages on rout to follow.

2.12. In transit military echelons are provided with additional inventory of fuel for ensuring unloading and movement to the area of concentration.

2.13. Medical support during military transportations is performed by forces and means of military echelon. The sick or injured serviceman who cannot follow further by order of the military commandant of commandant's office of military messages follows in the next military medical institution, and in case of its absence - in health care institution.

2.14. The international military carriages (document creation on staff and military loads) prepare according to the current legislation of Ukraine.

2.15. Safety of military transportations is ensured by accomplishment of regulating documents concerning safety of transportations on transport.

Dangerous military goods is transported according to the current legislation of Ukraine.

The sender is responsible for preparation for transportation, provided information about military load, its special characteristics, transport characteristics and condition of carriages.

ІІІ. Organization of work of command of military unit for preparation for military transportations

3.1. Work of command of military unit on preparation for military transportations (railway, sea, river and air transport or combined method) depends on the received task, specific situation and terms of LOC ARM to accomplishment of transportations and will be organized according to requirements of charters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

3.2. In case of accomplishment of actions for preparation for military transportations command of military unit develops calculation on transportation by railway transport (appendix 1), calculation on transportation by sea (river) transport (appendix 2), calculation on transportation by air transport (appendix 3), and also on transportation by combined method.

Output data for calculation on transportation of military unit:

staff number, quantity, weight and dimensions of military loads;

Regulations of accommodation of staff of military echelon (appendix 4);

the admissible weight and train length with military echelon;

General characteristics of the vehicles used for transportation of troops (appendix 5);

availability of forces and means for comprehensive providing military echelons (military teams) along the line.

3.3. In case of creation of calculation on transportation of military unit are considered:

preserving, whenever possible, organizational integrity of military units and divisions, their LOC ARM to independent accomplishment of fighting task;

reserve in case of accomplishment of handling works and along the line;

transition of military unit in transit on the combined movement for what divisions with heavy military equipment which has small cruising range and low mid-flight speeds plunge, whenever possible, into separate trains;

distribution of communicating device and other material means on military echelons;

determination of priority of shipments of divisions and their arrival in destinations taking into account nature of tasks which will be performed after unloading;

possibility of the condensed placement of arms and military equipment on vehicles taking into account observance of security measures and ensuring quick loading (unloading, overload) military echelon;

the greatest possible placement of inventories of material means which are transported, in car bodies.

3.4. The weight and train length with military echelon shall not exceed the maximum regulation established by the traffic schedule on the site of passing of this train.

In case of determination of weight of arms and military equipment the weight of unit of fire, fuel filling, greases and inventories of other material means is considered.

Train length is calculated in conditional cars. For the conditional car the rail car which length equals 14 m is accepted.

3.5. In case of accomplishment of actions of direct preparation for transportation railway (sea, river) transport command of military unit:

specifies calculations on transportation (the staff number, quantity and characteristics of military loads, method of fixture of the equipment on vehicles, distance, conditions and features of military transportations);

approves procedure for loading of military echelons with bodies of military messages, provides to the military commandant on transport the Request for loading of military echelon (appendix 6) and calculation on transportation;

specifies number of military echelon, and in case of transportation by sea or river transport, besides, the name of courts;

obtains information on shipping places, ways of approach to them, loading terms (the beginning and the termination) of each military echelon.

In case of accomplishment of actions of direct preparation for transportation by air transport command of military unit specifies calculation on transportation, coordinates terms of landing (loading) of divisions with bodies of military messages, determines procedure for transportation of military teams and develops the loading plan (appendix 7).

Calculations on movement of divisions of military unit which perform march under the own steam and of transportation by combined method shall be approved among themselves so that their arrival in the area of concentration whenever possible was simultaneous.

3.6. In each military echelon the order of the commander of military unit (chief) appoints the chief of military echelon and its deputies for fighting providing, educational work, delivery, the chief of communication and the doctor (paramedic) of military echelon.

In military team the chief of team is appointed.

Seniors of cars (ship rooms) with people are appointed commanders of divisions which are transported in them, or the chief of military echelon, and men on duty of interiors of flight vehicles - the chief of military team.

The chief of military echelon (team) appoints chiefs of handling and other teams.

For transportation by air transport the commander of military unit appoints to each vessel of the chief of military team, and if necessary allocates cargo-loading equipment and teams.

3.7. By preparation and accomplishment of military transportations interaction between command of military units, service employees of military echelons, bodies of military messages and controls, the companies, organizations and the organizations of transport will be organized.

The organization of interaction provides:

coordination of actions in the place, time and procedure for task performance for military transportations;

establishment and maintenance of continuous member;

timely provision of information on accomplishment of military transportations;

implementation of actions for all types of ensuring military transportations.

3.8. By preparation of military unit for transportation staff training sessions, preparation of the equipment and material means to transportation, verification of presence (purchase) of details of fixture of arms and military equipment on railway rolling stock are given.

3.9. Commanders of military units according to plans of combat training stage drills with staff concerning transportations by railway, sea, river and air transport.

During doctrines are provided:

studying of procedure for the organization and accomplishment of military transportations;

working off of calculations on transportation of military unit (division) by railway, sea, river and air transport;

studying of obligations of service employees and persons of daily details of military echelon (military team);

studying of requirements of charters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, orders and orders of commanders and chiefs, security measures and behavior of staff of military echelon (military team);

staff training in practical loading (unloading) and fixture of regular arms and military equipment on vehicles (for academic, demonstrative and research loads vehicles are provided to military units and necessary specialists of transport are attracted);

working off of actions for reserved transportation of military units and to use of means and methods of masking.

IV. Security measure and behavior of staff of military echelon

1. General provisions

1.1. The staff of military echelon (military team) shall adhere to military discipline, requirements of charters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, orders and orders of commanders and chiefs, the nobility and to carry out rules of conduct and security measures in transit.

1.2. The staff which follows as a part of military echelon (military team) shall know its number, military rank and surname of the chief of military echelon (military team).

1.3. The serviceman who lagged behind military echelon (military team) shall come immediately to the military commandant on transport and where it is absent, - to the station commander (port, the airport), to report (to report) the lagging reason, to call number of military echelon (military team) and further to be effective on his order.

1.4. It is forbidden to staff of military echelon (military team):

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