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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

of September 2, 1993 No. 924-XII

About Courts

(as amended on 09-11-2020)

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Judicial system

In the Republic of Uzbekistan are effective:

Constitutional court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

military courts;

court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan on civil cases, regional and Tashkent city courts on civil cases;

court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan on criminal cases, regional and Tashkent city criminal court judges;

economic courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, areas and city of Tashkent;

administrative courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, areas and city of Tashkent;

interdistrict, district (city) courts on civil cases;

district (city) criminal court judges;

interdistrict, district (city) economic courts;

district (city) administrative courts.

In the Republic of Uzbekistan specialization of courts in categories of cases can be performed.

Creation of emergency courts is not allowed.

The organization and procedure for activities of the Constitutional court of the Republic of Uzbekistan are determined by the separate law.

Article 2. Tasks of court

The court in the Republic of Uzbekistan is urged to perform judicial protection of the rights and freedoms of the citizens proclaimed the Constitution and other laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the international acts of human rights is right also the interests of the companies, organizations and the organizations protected by the law.

Activities of court are aimed at providing rule of law, social justice, civil peace and harmony.

Article 3. Justice implementation

Justice in the Republic of Uzbekistan is performed only by court.

Article 4. Independence of judicial authority

Judges are independent, submit only to the law. Any intervention in activities of judges for administration of law is inadmissible and attracts legal accountability.

Judicial authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan is effective irrespective of the legislative and executive authorities, political parties, other public associations.

Article 5. Obligation of acts of court

 Acts of court are obligatory for all state bodies, public associations, the companies, organizations and the organizations, officials, citizens and are subject to execution in all territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 6. Equality before the law and court

All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan are equal before the law and court without distinction as to sex, races, nationalities, language, religion, social origin, beliefs, personal and social standing. The companies, organizations and the organizations are also equal before the law and court.

Article 7. Publicity of legal proceedings

 Trial of cases in all courts open. Hearing of cases in closed meeting is allowed only in the cases established by the law.

Article 8. Legal proceedings language

 Legal proceedings in the Republic of Uzbekistan are conducted in the Uzbek, Karakalpak languages or in language of the majority of the population of this area.

The right of complete acquaintance with case papers, participations in judicial actions through the translator and the right to appear in court in the native language is provided to the persons participating in case not knowing language in which legal proceedings are conducted.

Article 9. Right to judicial protection

 Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan, foreign citizens and persons without citizenship have the right to judicial protection against any wrongful acts (decisions) of the state and other bodies, officials, and also from infringement of life and health, honor and advantage, personal liberty and property, other rights and freedoms. Also the companies, organizations and the organizations have the right to judicial protection.

For the purpose of ensuring effective judicial protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, the companies, organizations and the organizations at all stages of legal proceedings and by consideration by courts of questions of practice of application of the legislation the prosecutor participates.

Article 10. Ensuring right of defense. Presumption of innocence

The right of defense is provided to the suspect, the person accused, the defendant. The right to professional legal aid is guaranteed at any stage of legal proceedings.

The person accused is considered innocent until his guilt is proved in the procedure provided by the law and is established by the court verdict which took legal effect.

Nobody can be subjected to detention differently as based on the judgment.

Nobody can be subjected to tortures, violence, another to the cruel or degrading advantage of the person address.

Article 11. Organizational and material logistics of activity of the courts

 Organizational support of activity of the courts is performed by the Supreme judicial council of the Republic of Uzbekistan in strict accordance with the principles of independence of judges and subordination only to their law.

Powers and procedure for the organization of activities of the Supreme judicial council of the Republic of Uzbekistan are determined by the law.

Material and financial provision of activity of the courts is performed by Department on ensuring activity of the courts under the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the provision on which affirms the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Department on ensuring activity of the courts under the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan:

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